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Caledoniscincus haplorhinus (GÜNTHER, 1872)

IUCN Red List - Caledoniscincus haplorhinus - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymEuprepes haplorhinus GÜNTHER 1872: 419
Euprepes haplorhinus — MÜLLER 1880
Euprepes haplorhinus — BOULENGER 1887: 279
Caledoniscincus haplorhinus — SADLIER, BAUER & COLGAN 1999
Caledoniscincus haplorhinus — SMITH et al. 2007 
DistributionNew Caledonia (widespread in coastal and near coastal areas of the west coast of New Caledonia, and scattered locations on the east coast from near Ouaïème in the north to Houaïlou midway along the coast. Also recorded from two mid altitude sites (ca. 500 m elevation) and one high altitutde site (ca. 1000 m asl) on Mt. Ignambi in the northeast ranges.Widespread throughout the islands of the region including the Ile des Pins off southern New Caledonia, Ouvéa, Lifou, and Maré Island of the Loyalty Islands group, and Ile Surprise off northern New Caledonia.

Type locality: “New Caledonia”.  
Reproductionoviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesSyntypes: BMNH 1946.8.13.45-46; collected by J. Brenchley. Sadlier (1987) and Sadlier et al. (1999) are in error in listing a holotype. 
CommentThe description of Caledoniscincus austrocaledonicus SADLIER was composite and contained specimen of C. haplorhinus. C. haplorhinus was placed in the synonymy of C. austro-caledonicum by BOULENGER 1887 and the locality of “Fiji” was indicated as being in error for New Caledonia. Specimens referred to as C. austrocaledonicus from Isle Surprise (Bauer et al. 1992) are C. haplorhinus. Sympatric with Caledoniscincus austrocaledonicus.
Listed as synonym of C. austrocaledonicus by BAUER & VINDUM (1990). 
  • Bauer, A. M. & SADLIER, R. A. 2000. The herpetofauna of New Caledonia. Contributions to Herpetology, 17; Society for Study Amphibians and Reptiles, Ithaca, New York.
  • Bauer, Aaron M.; Renevier, Alain; Sadlier, Ross A. 1992. Caledoniscincus austrocaledonicum (Reptilia: Scincidae) from Ile Surprise, D'Entrecasteaux Reefs, New Caledonia. Pacific Science 46 (1): 86-89
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1887. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) III. Lacertidae, Gerrhosauridae, Scincidae, Anelytropsidae, Dibamidae, Chamaeleontidae. London: 575 pp. - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1872. On some new species of reptiles and fishes collected by J. Brenchley, Esq. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 10 (60): 418-426. - get paper here
  • Müller, F. 1880. Erster Nachtrag zum Katalog der herpetologischen Sammlung des Basler Museums. Verh. Naturf. Ges. Basel 7: 120-165 - get paper here
  • Sadlier, R.A., Bauer,A.M. & Colgan,D.J. 1999. The scincid lizard genus Caledoniscincus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from New Caledonia in the Southwest Pacific: a review of Caledoniscincus austrocaledonicus (Bavay) and description of six new species from Province Nord. Rec. Austral. Mus. 51 (1): 57-82 - get paper here
  • SADLIER, ROSS A.; ANTHONY H. WHITAKER, PERRY L.WOOD, JR. & AARON M. BAUER 2014. A new species of lizard in the genus Caledoniscincus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from far northwest New Caledonia. Zootaxa 3795 (1): 045–060 - get paper here
  • SADLIER, ROSS A.; TONY WHITAKER, PERRY L.WOOD, JR. & AARON M. BAUER 2012. A new species of scincid lizard in the genus Caledoniscincus (Reptilia: Scincidae) from northwest New Caledonia. Zootaxa 3229: 47–57 - get paper here
  • Smith, Sarah A.; Ross A. Sadlier, Aaron M. Bauer, Christopher C. Austin and Todd Jackman 2007. Molecular phylogeny of the scincid lizards of New Caledonia and adjacent areas: Evidence for a single origin of the endemic skinks of Tasmantis. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43 (3): 1151-1166 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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