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Calliophis bivirgatus (BOIE, 1827)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalliophis bivirgatus flaviceps (CANTOR 1839)
Calliophis bivirgatus bivirgatus (BOIE 1827)
Calliophis bivirgatus tetrataenius (BLEEKER 1859) 
Common NamesE: Blue Malaysian Coral Snake
G: Blaue Bauchdrüsenotter 
SynonymElaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827
Elaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827 (partim) — FITZINGER 1843
Elaps bi-virgatus BOIE 1827 (partim) — DUMÉRIL et al. 1854
Callophis bivirgatus — GÜNTHER 1864 (partim)
Callophis bivirgatus — BERNHARD-MEYER 1869: 74
Adeniophis (Callophis) bivirgatus — STOLICZKA 1873
Adeniophis bivirgatus — BOETTGER 1887
Doliophis bivirgatus var. C — BOULENGER 1896
Doliophis bivirgatus BOULENGER 1896: 400
Doliophis bivirgatus — FLOWER 1896
Doliophis bivirgatus, Form C — SCHENKEL 1901
Doliophis bivirgatus, BOULENGER's var. B — COHN 1905
Doliophis bivirgatus, type C — LANGE & ROOIJ 1910
Maticora bivirgata — STEJNEGER 1922
Maticora bivirgata bivirgata — LOVERIDGE 1944
Maticora bivirgata — TEO & RAJATHURAI 1997
Maticora bivirgata — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 421
Maticora bivirgata — STUEBING & INGER 1999: 193
Calliophis bivirgatus — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Calliophis bivirgatus — GOWER et al. 2012: 100
Calliophis bivirgatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 144

Calliophis bivirgatus bivirgatus (BOIE 1827)
Elaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827
Maticora bivirgata bivirgata — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis bivirgatus bivirgatus — BROWN et al. 2018

Calliophis bivirgatus flaviceps (CANTOR 1839)
Elaps flaviceps CANTOR 1839: 33
Doliophis flaviceps — GIRARD 1857
Calliophis flaviceps — FISCHER 1885: 3
Adeniophis flaviceps — MEYER 1886
Doliophis bivirgatus var. flaviceps — BOETTGER 1898
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — BOURRET 1936
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — WELCH 1994: 75
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — COX et al. 1998: 31
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 210
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — VOGEL & FREED 2006
Calliophis bivirgata flaviceps — LIVIGNI 2013: 293

Calliophis bivirgatus tetrataenius (BLEEKER 1859)
Elaps tetrataenia BLEEKER 1859: 201
Maticora bivirgata tetrataenia — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis bivirgata (tetrataenia) — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Calliophis bivirgata tetrataenia — MALKMUS et al. 2002
Maticora bivirgata tetrataenia — AULIYA 2006
Calliophis bivirgatus tetrataenius — BROWN et al. 2018 
Distributionflaviceps (Cantor, 1839): Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Lingga Archipelago, Nias, Mentawai Archipelago, Riau Archipelago); Cambodia; West Malaysia (Malaya); Singapore; Thailand

bivirgata: Indonesia (Java)

flaviceps: S Thailand, W Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, Indonesia (fide COX et al.)

tetrataenia: Indonesia (Kalimantan, Borneo); Brunei Darussalam; Malaysia (East Malaysia).

Type locality: Java  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.19.19 (and possibly additional specimens). 
Diagnosis 
CommentVenomous!

Similar species: Bungarus flaviceps.

Distribution: bivirgata: In Myanmar fide Dowling & Jenner 1988 but probably not in Myanmar fide LEVITON et al. 2003. 
Etymology 
References
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Bernhard-Meyer, A. 1869. The poison-glands of Callophis intestinals C. bivirgatus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 4: 74 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1859. Reptilien van Sintang. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie 20: 200-201 - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1948. Notes on Maticora bivirgata (Boie) and on Bungarus flaviceps Reinh. Zoologische Mededelingen 30: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Utpal Smart, Alan E. Leviton, and Eric N. Smith 2018. A New Species of Long-glanded Coralsnake of the Genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from Dinagat Island, with Notes on the Biogeography and Species Diversity of Philippine Calliophis and Hemibungarus. Herpetologica In-Press - get paper here
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