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Calliophis bivirgatus (BOIE, 1827)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalliophis bivirgatus flaviceps (CANTOR 1839)
Calliophis bivirgatus bivirgatus (BOIE 1827)
Calliophis bivirgatus tetrataenia (BLEEKER 1859) 
Common NamesE: Blue Malaysian Coral Snake
G: Blaue Bauchdrüsenotter 
SynonymElaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827
Bioliophis bivirgatus BOULENGER 1896
Maticora bivirgata — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 421
Callophis bivirgatus — BERNHARD-MEYER 1869: 74
Elaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827 (partim) — FITZINGER 1843
Elaps bi-virgatus BOIE 1827 (partim) — DUMÉRIL et al. 1854
Callophis bivirgatus — GÜNTHER 1864 (partim)
Adeniophis (Callophis) bivirgatus — STOLICZKA 1873
Adeniophis bivirgatus — BOETTGER 1887
Doliophis bivirgatus var. C — BOULENGER 1896
Doliophis bivirgatus — FLOWER 1896
Doliophis bivirgatus, Form C — SCHENKEL 1901
Doliophis bivirgatus, BOULENGER's var. B — COHN 1905
Doliophis bivirgatus, type C — LANGE & ROOIJ 1910
Maticora bivirgata — STEJNEGER 1922
Maticora bivirgata bivirgata — LOVERIDGE 1944
Maticora bivirgata — TEO & RAJATHURAI 1997
Calliophis bivirgatus — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Calliophis bivirgatus — GOWER et al. 2012: 100
Calliophis bivirgatus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 144

Calliophis bivirgata bivirgata (BOIE 1827)
Elaps bivirgatus BOIE 1827
Maticora bivirgata bivirgata — WELCH 1994: 75

Calliophis bivirgata flaviceps (CANTOR, 1839)
Elaps flaviceps CANTOR 1839: 33
Doliophis flaviceps — GIRARD 1857
Calliophis flaviceps — FISCHER 1885: 3
Adeniophis flaviceps — MEYER 1886
Doliophis bivirgatus var. flaviceps — BOETTGER 1898
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — BOURRET 1936
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — WELCH 1994: 75
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — COX et al. 1998: 31
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 210
Maticora bivirgata flaviceps — VOGEL & FREED 2006
Calliophis bivirgata flaviceps — LIVIGNI 2013: 293

Calliophis bivirgata tetrataenia (BLEEKER 1859)
Elaps tetrataenia BLEEKER 1859: 201
Maticora bivirgata tetrataenia — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis bivirgata (tetrataenia) — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Calliophis bivirgata tetrataenia — MALKMUS et al. 2002
Maticora bivirgata tetrataenia — AULIYA 2006 
Distributionflaviceps (Cantor, 1839): Indonesia (Sumatra, Borneo, Bangka, Lingga Archipelago, Nias, Mentawai Archipelago, Riau Archipelago); Cambodia; West Malaysia (Malaya); Singapore; Thailand

bivirgata: Indonesia (Java)

flaviceps: S Thailand, W Malaysia, Singapore, Burma, Indonesia (fide COX et al.)

tetrataenia: Indonesia (Kalimantan, Borneo); Brunei Darussalam; Malaysia (East Malaysia).

Type locality: Java  
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesType: BMNH 1946.1.19.19 (and possibly additional specimens). 
CommentVenomous!

Similar species: Bungarus flaviceps.

Distribution: bivirgata: In Myanmar fide Dowling & Jenner 1988 but probably not in Myanmar fide LEVITON et al. 2003. 
References
  • Auliya, M. 2006. Taxonomy, Life History, and conservation of giant reptiles in west Kalimantan. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 432 pp. - get paper here
  • Bernhard-Meyer, A. 1869. The poison-glands of Callophis intestinals C. bivirgatus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 4: 74 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1859. Reptilien van Sintang. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie 20: 200-201 - get paper here
  • Boie, F. 1827. Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien, 1. Lieferung: Ophidier. Isis van Oken 20: 508-566. - get paper here
  • Brongersma, L. D. 1948. Notes on Maticora bivirgata (Boie) and on Bungarus flaviceps Reinh. Zoologische Mededelingen 30: 1-29 - get paper here
  • Cantor, T. E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [part 1]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1839: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel,G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1886. Ueber eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von der Insel Nias und über eine zweite Art der Gattung Anniella GRAY. Abh. Naturw. Ver. Hamburg 19 (1): 3-10
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Laita, Mark 2013. Serpentine. Abrams and PQ Blackwell, Auckland, New Zealand, 200 unnumbered pages
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zool. Meded., Leiden, 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Schulz, K.-D. 1986. Das Portrait: Maticora bivirgata flaviceps (CANTOR, 1839). Sauria 8 (3): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, E.N.; KELUM MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & RUCHIRA SOMAWEERA 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33 - get paper here
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Vogel, G. & Freed, P. 2006. Zur Haltung der Bauchdrüsenotter Maticora bivirgata flaviceps (CANTOR, 1839) im Terrarium. Reptilia (Münster) 11 (57): 72-76 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part I. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 51-72 [correction on p. 995] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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