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Calliophis haematoetron SMITH, MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & SOMAWEERA, 2008

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlood-bellied coralsnake 
SynonymCalliophis haematoetron SMITH, MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & SOMAWEERA 2008
Calliophis melanurus — TAYLOR 1950: 583–585 (part)
Calliophis melanurus — BAHIR 1999: 22–24 (in part)
Calliophis melanurus sinhaleyus — DERANIYAGALA 1951: 147–148 (in part)
Calliophis melanurus sinhaleyus — DAS & DE SILVA 2005: 57 (in part)
Calliophis sp. — SOMAWEERA 2006: 154–155
Calliophis haematoetron — WALLACH et al. 2014: 145 
DistributionSri Lanka

Type locality: Wasgomuwa National Park, [Central Province], Sri Lanka, ca. 90 m elevation (ca. 7.648056° N 80.93583° E). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: WHT (The Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, Sri Lanka) 1621, an adult female, collected 7 June 1997 by Mohomed M. Bahir and Sampath Nanayakkara.
Holotype: NMSL 83 [sinhaleyus] 
CommentVenomous! 
EtymologyThe specific name, haematoetron, is derived from the Greek adjective haematodes (bloody), and the Greek noun etron (belly) meaning “bloody belly” in reference to the bright-red venter of this “beautiful snake” (= Calliophis). 
References
  • Bahir, M.M. 1999. Scaring the enemy—The slender coral snake. Sri Lanka Nature, September, 22–24
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & De Silva, A. 2005. Photographic guide to snakes and other reptiles of Sri Lanka. New Holland Publishers, 144 pp.
  • Kandamby, DharmaSri 1997. Herpetological types reposed in the National Museum Colombo, Sri Lanka. Lyriocephalus 3 (1): 31-33
  • Smith, E.N.; KELUM MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & RUCHIRA SOMAWEERA 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33 - get paper here
  • Somaweera, R. 2006. The Snakes of Sri Lanka. Wildlife Heritage Trust of Sri Lanka, Colombo, 270 pp.
  • Taylor, Edward H. 1950. The snakes of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 33 (14): 519-603 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
 
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http://reptile-database.reptarium.cz/species?genus=Calliophis&species=haematoetron

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