You are here » home advanced search search results Calliophis intestinalis

Calliophis intestinalis (LAURENTI, 1768)

IUCN Red List - Calliophis intestinalis - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Calliophis intestinalis?

Add your own observation of
Calliophis intestinalis »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesCalliophis intestinalis intestinalis (LAURENTI 1768)
Calliophis intestinalis lineata (GRAY in GRAY & HARDWICKE 1835)
Calliophis intestinalis thepassi (BLEEKER 1859) 
Common NamesE: Banded Malaysian Coral Snake, Striped Coral Snake
G: Gestreifte Bauchdrüsenotter 
SynonymAspis intestinalis LAURENTI 1768: 106
Doliophis intestinalis BOULENGER 1896: 401
Calamaria klossi SMITH 1926 (fide INGER & MARX 1965)
Maticora intestinalis immaculata LOVERIDGE 1944
Maticora intestinalis — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 422
Maticora intestinalis — STUEBING & INGER 1999: 195
Calliophis intestinalis — SLOWINSKI et al. 2001
Calliophis intestinalis — WALLACH et al. 2014: 145

Calliophis intestinalis intestinalis (LAURENTI 1768)
Aspis intestinalis LAURENTI 1768
Elaps intestinalis var. — CANTOR 1847 (partim)
Callophis intestinalis — GÜNTHER 1864
Callophis intestinalis — BERNHARD-MEYER 1869: 74
Adeniophis intestinalis — BOETTGER 1892: 133 (partim)
Doliophis intestinalis forma typica — BOULENGER 1896
Doliophis intestinalis — FLOWER 1896
Doliophis intestinalis BOULENGER's var. C — COHN 1905
Maticora intestinalis — STEJNEGER 1922
Maticora intestinalis intestinalis — LOVERIDGE 1944
Elaps furcatus SCHNEIDER 1801
Vipera furcata — DAUDIN 1803
Elaps furcatu (sic) — SCHLEGEL 1837
Elaps furcatus — BOIE 1827
Elaps furcatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1854: 1228
Doliophis intestinalis var. vertebralis WERNER 1900
Maticora intestinalis intestinalis — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis intestinalis — HIEN et al. 2001
Calliophis intestinalis intestinalis — NGUYEN et al. 2009

Calliophis intestinalis lineata (GRAY in GRAY & HARDWICKE 1835)
Maticora lineata GRAY in GRAY & HARDWICKE 1835: 86
Doliophis intestinalis var. lineata — FLOWER 1899
Maticora intestinalis lineata — LOVERIDGE 1944
Elaps tri-lineatus DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 1227
Elaps melanototaenia BLEEKER 1857 (nomen nudum)
Elaps melanotaenia — BLEEKER 1858
Elaps trilineatus — BLEEKER 1858
Callophis intestinalis var. malayana GÜNTHER 1864
Elaps (Adeniophis) intestinalis — BOETTGER 1883
Callophis intestinalis var. malayana — MÜLLER 1890
Callophis intestinalis (LAURENTI 1768) (partim) — BOULENGER 1890
Doliophis intestinalis var. lineata — BOULENGER 1896: 403
Doliophis intestinalis var. trilineata — BOULENGER 1896
Doliophis intestinalis — VOLZ 1904
Doliophis intestinalis BOULENGER's var. C — COHN 1905
Doliophis intestinalis var. trilineatus — BOULENGER 1920
Maticora intestinalis — STEJNEGER 1922
Maticora intestinalis lineata — WELCH 1994: 75
Maticora intestinalis lineata — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 210
Maticora intestinalis lineata — ORLOV et al. 2003
Calliophis intestinalis lineatus — NGUYEN et al. 2009
Calliophis intestinalis lineatus — BROWN et al. 2018

Calliophis intestinalis thepassi (BLEEKER, 1859)
Elaps thepassi BLEEKER 1859: 201
Maticora intestinalis thepassi — GOLAY et al. 1993
Maticora intestinalis thepassi — ROOIJEN & ROOIJEN 2004
Calliophis intestinalis thepassi — NGUYEN et al. 2009 
DistributionIndonesia (Bali), Malaysia (incl. Pulau Tioman).

intestinalis: Indonesia (Java, Mentawai Archipelago [subspecies not confirmed], Sumatra)

lineata: Indonesia (Riau Archipelago, Sumatra); Malaysia (Malaya); Singapore; Thailand, Vietnam (Gia Lai Province, fide ORLOV 2003: 236); Type locality: Penang, Malaysia;

thepassi: Indonesia (Borneo); Brunei Darussalam; Malaysia (East Malaysia); Type locality: Sintang, Kalimantan, Indonesia;

Type locality: “Africa” (in error), corrected to Java, Indonesia by LEVITON 1964.  
TypesHolotype: unknown (Sang et al. 2009)
Holotype: unknown (Sang et al. 2009) [everetti]
Holotype: MCZ 15173 [immaculata]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.18.2 (possible) [lineata]
Holotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.96 ( (possible) [thepassi] 
DiagnosisDIAGNOSIS (genus): Maxilla extends forward beyond palatine; venom fangs followed by a diastema and then by one small, solid tooth; head not distinct from neck; loreal absent; nostril between nasals; eye small, pupil round; body cylindrical, elongate; tail short; scales smooth, in 13 longitudinal rows at midbody; subcaudals paired; venom glands elongate, extending far back into body cavity and terminating in an elongate, club-shaped end; hypapophyses present throughout vertebral column (from Leviton et al. 2014: 493). 

Subspecies: all Philippine subspecies have been elevated to full species.

Variation: This species is exremely variable. GROSSMANN & TILLACK (2005) show an example with a bright red dorsal stripe and a white lateral stripe on a black (or dark grey) body.

Diet: Maticora species eat only snakes (Greene 1997).

Synonymy: Maticora has been synonymized with Calliophis by SLOWINSKI et al. (2001). Calliophis furcates var. nigrotaeniatus PETERS 1863 has been resurrected from the synonymy of C. i. lineata and Calliophis intestinalis everetti (formerly considered a subspecies of intestinalis) synonymized with nigrotaeniatus by Fukuyama et al. 2020. See C. nigrotaeniatus.

Type species: Maticora lineata Gray, 1834 is the type species of the genus Maticora GRAY 1834.

Type species: Aspis intestinalis Laurenti 1768 is the type species of the genus Calliophis GRAY 1834: 86 (fide Leviton et al. 2014: 493). Note that other sources, e.g. Williams & Wallach 1989 consider Calliophis gracilis as type species; the latter authors cite Gray 1835: 86). 
  • Badli-Sham, B.H., Ayob, M., Halim, M.F.A., Mustafa, S.K., Ismail, N.F., Andam, J., Belabut, D.M. & Ahmad, A.B. 2019. HERPETOFAUNA IN SOUTHERN PART OF PULAU TIOMAN, PAHANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Journal of Wildlife and Parks, 34: 23-38 (2019) 23 - get paper here
  • Bernhard-Meyer, A. 1869. The poison-glands of Callophis intestinals C. bivirgatus. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 4: 74 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Bleeker, P. 1859. Reptilien van Sintang. Natuurkundig Tijdschrift voor Nederlandsch Indie 20: 200-201 - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. 1892. Listen von Kriechtieren und Lurchen aus dem tropischen Asien und aus Papuasien. Ber. Tät. Offenb. Ver. Nat., Offenbach, 29 - 32: 65 - 164 - get paper here
  • Bong Heang, Kiew 1987. An annotated checklist of the herpetofauna of Ulu Endau, Johore, Malaysia. Malayan Nature Journal 41 (2-3): 413-423.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger,G.A. 1894. On the herpetological fauna of Palawan and Balabac. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 14: 81-90 - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Utpal Smart, Alan E. Leviton, and Eric N. Smith 2018. A New Species of Long-glanded Coralsnake of the Genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from Dinagat Island, with Notes on the Biogeography and Species Diversity of Philippine Calliophis and Hemibungarus. Herpetologica In-Press - get paper here
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Daan, S. & Hillenius,D. 1966. Catalogue of the type specimens of amphibians and reptiles in the Zoological Museum, Amsterdam. Beaufortia 13: 117-144
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • DASHEVSKY, DANIEL; JENNIFER R. DEUIS, IRINA VETTER, TAM HUYNH, WAYNE C. HODGSON, CHOO HOCK TAN, AMANDA NOUWENS & BRYAN G. FRY. 2021. Novel Neurotoxic Activity in Calliophis intestinalis Venom. Neurotoxicity Research. - get paper here
  • David,P. & Vogel, G. 1996. The snakes of Sumatra. An annotated checklist and key with natural history notes. Bücher Kreth, Frankfurt/M.
  • Duméril, A. M. C., Bibron, G. & DUMÉRIL, A. H. A., 1854. Erpétologie générale ou histoire naturelle complète des reptiles. Tome septième. Deuxième partie, comprenant l'histoire des serpents venimeux. Paris, Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: i-xii + 781-1536 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • FIGUEROA, ALEX; MARTYN E.Y. LOW, KELVIN K.P. LIM 2023. Singapore’s herpetofauna: updated and annotated checklist, history, conservation, and distribution. Zootaxa 5287 (1): 001–378 - get paper here
  • Fischer, J.G. 1886. Ueber eine Kollektion Reptilien und Amphibien von der Insel Nias und über eine zweite Art der Gattung Anniella GRAY. Abh. Naturw. Ver. Hamburg 19 (1): 3-10
  • Gaulke M. 1999. Die Herpetofauna von Calauit Island (Calamianes-Inseln, Provinz Palawan, Philippinen) (Amphibia et Reptilia). Faun. Abh. Staatl. Mus. Tierk. Dresden 21 (19): 273-282
  • Gaulke, M. 1994. Contribution to the snake fauna of the Sulu Archipelago, with the description of a new subspecies of Dendrelaphis caudolineatus (GRAY, 1834). The Herpetological Journal 4 (4): 136-144. - get paper here
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101. - get paper here
  • Gray. J. E. 1834. Illustrations of Indian Zoology, chiefly selected from the collection of Major - General Hardwicke. Vol. 2. London (1833-1834): 263 pp., 95 plates - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Günther, A. 1864. The Reptiles of British India. London (Taylor & Francis), xxvii + 452 pp. - get paper here
  • Hien,P. Grossmann,W. & Schäfer, C. 2001. Beitrag zur Kenntnis der landbewohnenden Reptilienfauna von Pulau Tioman, West-Malaysia. Sauria 23 (4): 11-28 - get paper here
  • Jacobson, E. 1937. A case of snake-bite (Maticora intestinalis). Bull. Raffles Mus. No 13: 77-79
  • KHOERUNISA, IRA; MIRZA D. KUSRINI, AND ANI MARDIASTUTI 2021. Diversity of snake rescued from residential areas in Greater Jakarta metropolitan area, Indonesia. Media Konservasi 26 (3): 231-238; DOI: 10.29244/medkon.26.3.231-238 - get paper here
  • Kopstein, F. 1938. Ein Beitrag zur Eierkunde und zur Fortpflanzung der Malaiischen Reptilien. Bull. Raffles Mus. No 14: 81-167
  • Lang, Ruud de 2017. The Snakes of Java, Bali and Surrounding Islands. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, 435 pp. - get paper here
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp. - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E. 1964. Contributions to a review of Philippine snakes. IIl. The genera Maticora and Calliophis. Philippine J. Sci. 92: 523-550 - get paper here
  • Leviton, A.E., R.M. Brown, and C.D. Siler. 2014. The dangerously venomous snakes of the Philippine Archipelago. in The Coral Triangle: The 2011 Hearst Biodiversity Philippine Expedition (G.C. Williams and T.M. Gosliner, eds.). California Academy of Sciences, USA, Pp 473–530
  • Lidth DE JEUDE, T.W. VAN 1922. Snakes from Sumatra. Zoologische Mededelingen 6: 239-253. - get paper here
  • Lim, K.K.P. & Ng, H.H. 1999. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 6: 131-155 - get paper here
  • Loveridge,A. 1944. A new elapid snake of the genus Maticora from Sarawak, Borneo. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 57: 105-106 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R. & H. Sauer 1993. Die Folgen eines Bisses von Maticora intestinalis everetti. Salamandra 29 (2): 153-154 - get paper here
  • Malkmus, R.; Manthey, U.; Vogel, G. Hoffmann, P. & Kosuch, J. 2002. Amphibians and reptiles of Mount Kinabalu (North Borneo). A.R.G. Ganther Verlag, Rugell, 404 pp.
  • Malkmus,R. 1985. Amphibien und Reptilien vom Mount Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo. Herpetofauna 7 (35): 6-13 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. 1983. Exkursion am Mt. Kinabalu (4101 m), Nordborneo, Teil 3: Checkliste der Herpetofauna oberhalb 600 m ü. NN. Herpetofauna 5 (23): 20-31 - get paper here
  • MEGANTARA, E. N., JAUHAN, J., SHANIDA, S. S., HUSODO, T., FAUZI, D. A., HENDRAWAN, R., WULANDARI, I. & YUANSAH, Y. 2022. Herpetofauna distribution in different land cover types of West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 23(6) - get paper here
  • Milto, Konstantin D.; Yury A. Lukin 2020. A Revised Herpetofauna of Ujung Kulon National Park, West Java, Indonesia. Russian Journal of Herpetology 27 (6): 353-368 - get paper here
  • Nguyen, S.V., Ho, C.T. and Nguyen, T.Q. 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Orlov, N. L., S. A. Ryabov, N. Van Sang and N. Q. Truong 2003. New records and data on the poorly known snakes of Vietnam. Russ. J. Herpetol. 10: 217-240 - get paper here
  • O’Shea, M. 2018. The Book of Snakes. Ivy Press / Quarto Publishing, London, - get paper here
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1881. Die Verschiedenheit von Syngnathus (Belonichthys) zambiezensis Ptrs. und S. (B.) mento Bleeker und über eine neue Art der Schlangengattung Callophis von den Philippinen. Sitzungsber. Ges. naturf. Freunde Berlin 1881 (7): 107-109 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & Myriam van Rooijen. 2007. The land snakes of the Santubong Peninsula, Sarawak, Borneo: A preliminary list of species with natural history notes. Russ. J. Herpetol. 14 (1):27-38 - get paper here
  • Rooijen, J. van & Rooijen, M. van 2004. Einige Beobachtungen zur terrestrischen Schlangenfauna auf der Halbinsel Santubong, Sarawak, Ost-Malaysia. Sauria 26 (4): 19-28 - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Amphibians and reptiles from the Cameron Highlands, Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffles Mus. 6: 105 - 123 [1931] - get paper here
  • Smith, Brian E. 1993. Notes on a collection of squamate reptiles from eastern Mindanao, Philippine Islands part 2: Serpentes. Asiatic Herpetological Research 5: 96-102 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1926. “Spolia Mentawia” - Reptiles and Amphibians. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 18: 76-81 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Über einige neue und seltene Reptilien- und Amphibienarten. Sitzungsb. Ber. Kais. Akad. Wiss., Wien, Abt.1, 100 (6): 289-313, 2 plates - get paper here
  • Stoliczka, F. 1870. Observations on some Indian and Malayan Amphibia and Reptilia. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 39: 134-228. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B. & INGER, R.F. 1999. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo. Natural history Publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, 254 pp. [corrections in HR 31: 124]. - get paper here
  • Stuebing, R.B., Inger, R.F. & Lardner, B. 2014. A field guide to the snakes of Borneo, second edition. Natural history Publications (Borneo)
  • Sy, Emerson Y.; Raymond V. Gonzales 2018. Ophiophagous behaviour of Two-lined Coral Snake Calliophis bilineata on Palawan Island, the Philippines. SEAVR 2018: 12-13 - get paper here
  • Syafiq MF, Badli-Sham BH, Grismer LL, Ahmad AB 2023. Uneven species occurrence and richness of lowland snakes (Serpentes, Squamata) in Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia, with new locality records. ZooKeys 1168: 11–39
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & N.J. Thomas 2019. Updated Inventory of Amphibians, Reptiles and Mammals of the Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Singapore. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 71(Suppl. 1):145-183; doi: 10.26492/gbs71(suppl.1).2019-06 - get paper here
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
  • Tiedemann,F. & Grillitsch,H. 1999. Ergänzungen zu den Katalogen der Typusexemplare der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien. [type catalogue] Herpetozoa 12 (3-4): 147-156 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part I. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 51-72 [correction on p. 995] - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:

As link to this species use URL address:

without field 'search_param'. Field 'search_param' is used for browsing search result.

Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator