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Calliophis maculiceps (GÜNTHER, 1858)

IUCN Red List - Calliophis maculiceps - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalliophis maculiceps atrofrontalis (SAUVAGE 1877)
Calliophis maculiceps hughi COCHRAN 1927
Calliophis maculiceps maculiceps (GÜNTHER 1858)
Calliophis maculiceps michaelis (DEUVE 1961)
Calliophis maculiceps smithi KLEMMER, 1963 
Common NamesE: Speckled Coral Snake, Small-spotted Coral Snake
G: Gesprenkelte Korallenotter 
SynonymElaps maculiceps GÜNTHER 1858: 232
Elaps melanurus CANTOR 1847 (not SHAW; fide SMITH 1943)
Calliophis maculiceps punctulatus BOURRET 1934
Callophis maculiceps — SMITH 1943: 420
Maticora maculiceps GOLAY et al. 1993
Calliophis maculiceps — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 420
Calliophis maculiceps — COX et al. 1998: 32
Calliophis maculiceps — WALLACH et al. 2014: 145

Calliophis maculiceps atrofrontalis (SAUVAGE 1877)
Calliophis maculiceps atrofrontalis — SANG et al. 2009

Calliophis maculiceps hughi COCHRAN 1927
Callophis hughi COCHRAN 1927
Callophis hughi — SMITH 1943
Callophis hughi — TAYLOR 1965
Maticora maculiceps hughi — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis maculiceps hughi — SANG et al. 2009

Calliophis maculiceps maculiceps (GÜNTHER 1858)
Elaps maculiceps GÜNTHER 1858
Maticora maculiceps maculiceps — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis maculiceps maculiceps — SANG et al. 2009

Calliophis maculiceps michaelis DEUVE 1961
Calliophis maculiceps michaelis DEUVE 1961
Maticora maculiceps michaelis — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis maculiceps michaelis — SANG et al. 2009

Calliophis maculiceps smithi KLEMMER 1963
Calliophis maculiceps var. univirgatus M.SMITH 1915
Calliophis maculiceps smithi — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionS Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, NW Malaysia, S Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Laos

maculiceps: S Myanmar (= Burma), Thailand, N Western Malaysia; Type locality: “East Indies” (GÜNTHER 1858)

atrofrontalis: S Vietnam, Cambodia; Type locality: Cochin-China (= Southern Vietnam)

hughi: Thailand (Koh Tao Island); Type locality: Koh Tao Islands, Gulf of Siam, Thailand.

michaelis: Laos; Type locality: Mekong, Laos.

univirgatus (invalid): Thailand Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 58.4.20.6 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution of subspecies after WELCH 1994.

DIAGNOSTIC CHARACTERS (DIAGNOSIS).— Body scales in 13 parallel longitudinal rows, not obliquely disposed; middorsal (vertebral) scales not enlarged); preocular in contact with nasal; ventrals: males 174–186, females 189–203; subcaudals: males 25–31, females 21–25; body above brown to reddish brown, with black spots, the latter arranged longitudinally along each side of the back; head and nape black with some yellow markings including a yellow spot on each side of the occiput; upper labials yellow; tail, below, pale blue or gray. Total length 1300 mm; tail length 150 mm. [after LEVITON 2003] 
References
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Campden-Main, S.M. 1969. The subspecies of Calliophis maculiceps (Gunther). British Journal of Herpetology 4: 49-50.
  • Chan-ard, T., Parr, J.W.K. & Nabhitabhata, J. 2015. A field guide to the reptiles of Thailand. Oxford University Press, NY, 352 pp. [see book reviews by Pauwels & Grismer 2015 and Hikida 2015 for corrections] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, I. 2012. A Naturalist's Guide to the Snakes of South-East Asia: Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Myanmar, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and Bali. Oxford J, ohn Beaufoy Publishing - get paper here
  • Dowling, H.G., & Jenner, J.V. 1988. Snakes of Burma: checklist of reported species and bibliography. Smithsonian Herp. Inf. Serv. (76): 19 pp. - get paper here
  • Geissler, Peter, Truong Quang Nguyen, Nikolay A. Poyarkov & Wolfgang Böhme 2011. New records of snakes from Cat Tien National Park, Dong Nai and Lam Dong provinces, southern Vietnam. Bonn zoological Bulletin 60 (1): 9-16 - get paper here
  • Golay,P, H.M. SMITH, D.G. BROADLEY, J. R. DIXON, C., MCCARTHY, J. C. RAGE, B. SCHÀTTI & M.TORIBA 1993. Endoglyphs and other major venomous snakes of the world. A checklist. Aire-Genève, Azemiops S. A. Herpetological Data Center: i-xv + 1-478.
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russ. J. Herpetol. 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1858. Catalogue of Colubrine snakes of the British Museum. London, I - XVI, 1 - 281
  • Jestrzemski, Daniel 2016. Die Schlangenfauna an einem zentralvietnamesischen Waldbach Terraria-Elaphe 2016 (4): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Jestrzemski, Daniel; Stefan Schütz, Truong Quang Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2013. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, 2 (2): 88–110 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Guinevere O.U. Wogan; Michelle S. Koo; George R. Zug; Rhonda S. Lucas and Jens V. Vindum 2003. The Dangerously Venomous Snakes of Myanmar Illustrated Checklist with Keys. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54 (24): 407–462
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1965. The serpents of Thailand and adjacent waters. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 45 (9): 609-1096 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Welch, K. R. G. 1994. Snakes of the World. A Checklist. I. Venomous snakes. KCM Books, Somerset, England.
 
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