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Calliophis melanurus (SHAW, 1802)

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
SubspeciesCalliophis melanurus sinhaleyus DERANIYAGALA 1951
Calliophis melanurus melanurus (SHAW 1802) 
Common NamesIndian Coral Snake, Slender Coral Snake 
SynonymColuber melanurus SHAW 1802: 552
Vipera trimaculata DAUDIN 1803 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis trimaculatus — GÜNTHER 1859: 83 (fide SMITH 1943)
Calliophis trimaculatus BOULENGER 1896
Callophis trimaculatus — WALL 1906: 307
Callophis trimaculatus — D’ABREU 1913
Callophis melanurus — SMITH 1943: 420
Calliophis melanurus — WELCH 1994: 41
Hemibungarus melanurus — SCHLEICH & KÄSTLE 2000: 20
Calliophis melanurus — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Calliophis melanurus — SMITH et al. 2012
Calliophis melanurus — WALLACH et al. 2014: 146 
DistributionIndia (Gujarat, Maharashtra [A. Captain, pers. Comm.], Kerala, Eastern Ghats),
Bangladesh, Sri Lanka

melanurus: India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal [?]); Type locality: Bengal, Nerva.

sinhaleyus: Sri Lanka  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.86 ( (P. Russell, June 1788), fide Wallach et al. 2014: 146. According to the BMNH catalogue this is the type of V. trimaculata.
Holotype: NMSL (Colombo Museum) [sinhaleyus] 

Subspecies: Calliophis melanurus nigrescens is now considered as a valid species.

Distribution: Possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012). 
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • D'Abreu, E.A. 1913. The Occurrence of the Slender Coral Snake (Callophis trimaculatus) at Nagpur, Central Provinces. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 634 - get paper here
  • Deraniyagala, P.E.P. 1951. Some new races of the snakes Eryx, Callophis, and Echis. Spolia Zeylanica, 26: 147-150
  • Deshmukh, Rahul V.; Sagar A. Deshmukh, and Swapnil A. Badhekar 2018. New state records of the Slender Coralsnake, Calliophis melanurus (Shaw 1802), and the Yellow-spotted Wolfsnake, Lycodon flavomaculatus Wall 1907, in Chhattisghar, India IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 25 (3): 194–196 - get paper here
  • Günther,A. 1859. On the genus Elaps of Wagner. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1859: 79-89 - get paper here
  • Guptha, M. Bubesh & M. Rajasekhar 2011. Sighting of Slender Coral Snake Calliophis melanurus in Seshachalam Hills, Eastern Ghats, India: a new record. Reptile Rap (12): 4-6 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Mirza, Zeeshan & Saunak Pal 2010. Notes on the effect of a bite from Calliophis melanurus Shaw, 1802 (Serpents: Elapidae: Calliophinae). Reptile Rap (9): 7-8 - get paper here
  • Mirza, Zeeshan A. and Javed J. Ahmed 2009. Note on predation of Calliophis melanurus Shaw, 1802 (Serpents: Elapidae) by Scolopendra sp. Hamadryad 34 (1): 166
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Shaw, G. 1802. General Zoology, or Systematic Natural History. Vol.3, part 2. G. Kearsley, Thomas Davison, London: 313-615 - get paper here
  • Shine, G. & P.O. Nameer 2012. First record of Slender Coral Snake Calliophis melanurus (Shaw, 1802) south of the Palghat Gap, Western Ghats. Reptile Rap (14): 33–35 - get paper here
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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