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Calliophis nigrescens (GÜNTHER, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Calliophis nigrescens - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesCalliophis nigrescens nigrescens GÜNTHER 1862
Calliophis nigrescens khandallensis WALL 1913 
Common NamesE: Black Coral Snake 
SynonymCallophis nigrescens GÜNTHER 1862: 131
Callophis concinnus BEDDOME 1863 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis pentalineatus BEDDOME 1871 (fide SMITH 1943)
Hemibungarus nigrescens BOULENGER 1896
Callophis nigrescens — SMITH 1943: 422
Callophis nigriscens — VYAS 1988 (in error)
Maticora nigrescens GOLAY et al. 1993
Maticora nigrescens — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis nigrescens — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Calliophis melanurus nigrescens — VYAS 2007
Calliophis nigrescens — WALLACH et al. 2014: 146
Calliophis nigrescens pentalineatus — GANESH & ARUMUGAM 2016

Calliophis nigrescens khandallensis WALL 1913
Callophis nigrescens var. khandallensis WALL 1913: 638 (fide SMITH 1943)
Calliophis nigrescens khandalensis — BROWN et al. 2018 
DistributionS/W India (Gujarat, SW Western Ghats: Kerala, Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: “British India” [= India].  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.78
Holotype: BNHS (?), collected by Father Dreckmann [khandallensis] 

Has been considered as a subspecies of Calliophis melanurus.

NCBI taxonomy: 1240866 (khandallensis) 
  • Beddome, RICHARD HENRY 1863. Further notes upon the snakes of the Madras Presidency; with descriptions of new species. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 6: 41-48 [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 306-314, 1940]
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Brown, Rafe M.; Utpal Smart, Alan E. Leviton, and Eric N. Smith 2018. A New Species of Long-glanded Coralsnake of the Genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from Dinagat Island, with Notes on the Biogeography and Species Diversity of Philippine Calliophis and Hemibungarus. Herpetologica In-Press - get paper here
  • CASTOE, Todd A.; ERIC N. SMITH, RAFE M. BROWN and CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2007. Higher-level phylogeny of Asian and American coralsnakes, their placement within the Elapidae (Squamata), and the systematic affinities of the enigmatic Asian coralsnake Hemibungarus calligaster (Wiegmann, 1834). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 151, 809–831 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; Subramanian Bhupathy, Patrick David, N. Sathishkumar, G. Srinivas 2014. Snake Fauna of High Wavy Mountains, Western Ghats, India: Species Richness, Status, and Distribution Pattern. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (1): 53-64
  • Ganesh, S.R.; S. Bhupathy, P. Karthik, G. Babu Rao & S. Babu 2020. Catalogue of herpetological specimens from peninsular India at the Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology & Natural History (SACON), India. JoTT 12 (9): 16123–16135 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 9: 124-132 - get paper here
  • Jigar, Solanki; Khare Rounak and Andhale Atmaram Vitthal 2022. CHECKLIST OF SNAKES FOUND IN MAVAL TALUKA, PUNE, MAHARASHTRA, INDIA. CIBTech Journal of Zoology 11: 182-192 - get paper here
  • Kannan, P 2006. Occurance of the striped coral snake (Calliophis nigrescens Gunther) in Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary, southern India. Cobra 63: 11-13
  • Lobo, A.S. 2006. Uropeltis macrolepis in the diet of Calliophis nigrescens. Hamadryad 30 (1): 200-201 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; and Raju Vyas 2019. Reptiles of Gujarat, India: Updated Checklist, Distribution, and Conservation Status. Herpetology Notes 12: 765-777 - get paper here
  • Patel, Harshil; Raju Vyas, Vaibhav Naik, Bhautik Dudhatra & Shantilal K. Tank 2018. Herpetofauna of the Northern Western Ghats of Gujarat, India. Zoology and Ecology, DOI: 10.1080/21658005.2018.1499237 - get paper here
  • Phipson, H.M. 1887. The poisonous snakes of the Bombay presidency. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 2: 244-250 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, E.N.; KELUM MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & RUCHIRA SOMAWEERA 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • Ukuwela, K.D.B., de Silva, A., Sivaruban, A. et al. 2022. Diversity, distribution, and natural history of the marine snakes of Sri Lanka. Marine Biodiversity 52, 24 (2022) - get paper here
  • VYAS, R., N. WALMIKI, S. KARANGUTKAR & B. YENGAL 2013. Erstnachweis von Calliophis nigrescens GÜNTHER, 1862 (Serpentes: Elapidae) aus dem Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 35 (1): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 1988. Extension range of the striped coral snake (Callophis nigrescens). Hamadryad 13 (2): 3-4 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Present conservation scenario of reptile fauna in Gujarat State, India. Indian Forester, Oct 2007: 1381-1394 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1928. The Poisonous Terrestrial Snakes of our British Indian Dominions (including Ceylon) and how to recognize them. With symptoms of snake poisoning and treatment. Fourth edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 173 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1913. Varieties of Hemibungarus nigrescens and Hydrophis torquatus. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 638 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
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