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Calliophis nigrescens (GÜNTHER, 1862)

IUCN Red List - Calliophis nigrescens - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaElapidae, Colubroidea, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesBlack Coral Snake 
SynonymCallophis nigrescens GÜNTHER 1862: 131
Callophis concinnus BEDDOME 1863 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis pentalineatus BEDDOME 1871 (fide SMITH 1943)
Hemibungarus nigrescens BOULENGER 1896
Callophis nigrescens var. khandallensis WALL 1913: 638 (fide SMITH 1943)
Callophis nigrescens — SMITH 1943: 422
Callophis nigriscens — VYAS 1988 (in error)
Maticora nigrescens GOLAY et al. 1993
Maticora nigrescens — WELCH 1994: 75
Calliophis nigrescens — SLOWINSKI, BOUNDY & LAWSON 2001
Calliophis melanurus nigrescens — VYAS 2007
Calliophis nigrescens — WALLACH et al. 2014: 146
Calliophis nigrescens pentalineatus — GANESH & ARUMUGAM 2016 
DistributionS/W India (Gujarat, SW Western Ghats: Kerala, Tamil Nadu) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.17.78 
CommentVenomous!

Has been considered as a subspecies of Calliophis melanurus.

NCBI taxonomy: 1240866 (khandallensis) 
References
  • Beddome, RICHARD HENRY 1863. Further notes upon the snakes of the Madras Presidency; with descriptions of new species. Madras Quart. J. Med. Sci., 6: 41-48 [Reprint: J. Soc. Bibliogr. Nat. Sci., London, 1 (10): 306-314, 1940]
  • Bhupathy, Subramanian & N. Sathishkumar 2013. Status of reptiles in Meghamalai and its environs, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 5 (15): 4953-4961 - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1993. STANDARDIZED CRITERIA FOR THE RECOGNITION OF REPRODUCTIVE MODES IN SQUAMATE REPTILES. Herpetologica 49 (1): 118-132 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • CASTOE, Todd A.; ERIC N. SMITH, RAFE M. BROWN and CHRISTOPHER L. PARKINSON 2007. Higher-level phylogeny of Asian and American coralsnakes, their placement within the Elapidae (Squamata), and the systematic affinities of the enigmatic Asian coralsnake Hemibungarus calligaster (Wiegmann, 1834). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 151, 809–831 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24
  • Ganesh, S. R.; Subramanian Bhupathy, Patrick David, N. Sathishkumar, G. Srinivas 2014. Snake Fauna of High Wavy Mountains, Western Ghats, India: Species Richness, Status, and Distribution Pattern. Russ. J. Herpetol. 21 (1): 53-64
  • Günther, A. 1862. On new species of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (3) 9: 124-132 - get paper here
  • Kannan, P 2006. Occurance of the striped coral snake (Calliophis nigrescens Gunther) in Mudumalai wildlife sanctuary, southern India. Cobra 63: 11-13
  • Lobo, A.S. 2006. Uropeltis macrolepis in the diet of Calliophis nigrescens. Hamadryad 30 (1): 200-201 - get paper here
  • Palot, M.J. 2015. A checklist of reptiles of Kerala, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 7(13): 8010–8022 - get paper here
  • Phipson, H.M. 1887. The poisonous snakes of the Bombay presidency. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 2: 244-250 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 2004. Handbook Indian Snakes. AKHIL BOOKS, New Delhi, 292 pp.
  • Slowinski, Joseph B.; Boundy, Jeff & Lawson,R. 2001. The phylogenetic relationships of Asian coral snakes (Elapidae: Calliophis and Maticora) based on morphological and molecular characters. Herpetologica 57 (2): 233-245 - get paper here
  • Smith, E.N.; KELUM MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI & RUCHIRA SOMAWEERA 2008. A new species of coralsnake of the genus Calliophis (Squamata: Elapidae) from the Central Province of Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 1847: 19–33 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • VYAS, R., N. WALMIKI, S. KARANGUTKAR & B. YENGAL 2013. Erstnachweis von Calliophis nigrescens GÜNTHER, 1862 (Serpentes: Elapidae) aus dem Purna Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, Indien. Sauria 35 (1): 57-59 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 1988. Extension range of the striped coral snake (Callophis nigrescens). Hamadryad 13 (2): 3-4 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1906. The poisonous snakes of India and how to recognize them, Part II. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 17: 299-334 - get paper here
  • Wall, F. 1928. The Poisonous Terrestrial Snakes of our British Indian Dominions (including Ceylon) and how to recognize them. With symptoms of snake poisoning and treatment. Fourth edition. Bombay Natural History Society, Bombay, 173 pp.
  • Wall,F. 1913. Varieties of Hemibungarus nigrescens and Hydrophis torquatus. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 22: 638 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
  • Whitaker, Romulus<br />and Ashok Captain 2004. Snakes of India. Draco Books, 500 pp., reprinted 2007 - get paper here
 
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