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Callisaurus draconoides BLAINVILLE, 1835

IUCN Red List - Callisaurus draconoides - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesCallisaurus draconoides bogerti MARTIN DEL CAMPO 1943
Callisaurus draconoides brevipes BOGERT & DORSON 1942
Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides crinitus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides draconoides BLAINVILLE 1835
Callisaurus draconoides inusitatus DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis (HALLOWELL 1852) 
Common NamesE: Zebra-tailed Lizard
G: Zebraschwanzleguan
myurus: Northern Zebratail Lizard, Nevada Zebratail Lizard
rhodostictus: Western Zebratail Lizard, Mojave Zebratail Lizard
ventralis: Eastern Zebratail Lizard, Arizona Zebratail Lizard 
SynonymCallisaurus draconoides BLAINVILLE 1835: 286
Callisaurus draconoides — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 326
Homolosaurus ventralis HALLOWELL 1852
Callisaurus draconoides — BOULENGER 1885: 206
Callisaurus rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides splendidus DICKERSON 1919 (fide GRISMER 1999)
Callisaurus draconoides — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 86
Callisaurus draconoides — STEBBINS 1985: 117
Callisaurus draconoides — LINER 1994
Callisaurus draconoides — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides bogerti MARTIN DEL CAMPO 1943
Callisaurus draconoides bogerti — HARDY 1969: 116
Callisaurus draconoides bogerti — WEBB 1984

Callisaurus draconoides brevipes BOGERT & DORSON 1942
Callisaurus draconoides brevipes — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955: 234
Callisaurus draconoides brevipes — HARDY 1969: 117

Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus carmenensis DICKERSON 1919: 465
Callisaurus plasticus DICKERSON 1919: 466
Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis — ZWEIFEL 1958

Callisaurus draconoides inusitatus DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus inusitatus DICKERSON 1919: 465
Callisaurus draconoides inusitatus — TAYLOR 1938: 482
Callisaurus draconoides inusitatus — REYES et al. 2014

Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915
Callisaurus draconoides myurus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides myurus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides ventralis (HALLOWELL 1852)
Homalosaurus ventralis HALLOWELL 1852
Callisaurus ventralis — STEJNEGER 1893: 170
Callisaurus ventralis — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 97
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — COPE 1900
Callisaurus draconoides gabbii COPE 1900: 272
Callisaurus ventralis — ORTENBURGER & ORTENBURGER 1927
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — BURT 1933
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (SW California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico),
Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, Sinaloa)

bogerti: Mexico (Sinaloa, Mazatlán). Type locality: Isla de los Chivos, en el Puerto de Mazatlán, Sinaloa.

brevipes: Mexico (Sinaloa, Sonora); Type locality: Guirocoba, 18 miles southeast Alamos, Sonora.

carmenensis: Camen Island, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico.

inusitanus: Mexico (Sonora)

Type locality: California. Restricted to Cape San Lucas, Baja California by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

splendidus: endemic to Isla Ángel de La Guarda.

rhodostictus: California, Arizona, Baja California

ventralis: Arizona, California, Nevada (fide BURT 1933)  
TypesHolotype: MNHN-RA 0812 (by monotypy)
Holotype: CNAR (cited as Inst. Biol. Mexico; Victoriano Rodriguez collector. [bogerti]
Holotype: AMNH 63668; J. W. Hilton collector. [brevipes]
Holotype: USNM 14895 [crinitus]
Holotype: AMNH 538, USNM 642538 [carmenensis]
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 8548, 12788; northern Lower California [gabbii]
Syntypes: AMNH 5324, USNM 64256 [inusitatus]
Holotype: USNM 51786 [myurus]
Syntypes: USNM 21504 [rhodostictus]
Holotype: USNM 64254 [Callisaurus splendidus]
Holotype: USNM 2670; S. W. Woodhouse collector. [ventralis]
Holotype: USNM 64255 [Callisaurus plasticus] 
CommentSynonymy: Grismer (1999) synonymized Callisaurus draconoides splendidus with C. draconoides after examining species from the adjacent peninsula. These specimen cannot be distinguished clearly from the island populations of “splendidus”. BURT 1933 listed Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915 as a synonym of Callisaurus draconoides ventralis.

Type species: Callisaurus draconoides is the type species (and actually sole species) of the genus Callisaurus BLAINVILLE 1835. 
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  • Bezy, R. L., P. C. Rosen, T. R. Van Devender, and E. F. Enderson. 2017. Southern distributional limits of the Sonoran Desert herpetofauna along the mainland coast of northwestern Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 138–167 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 2011. Zebra-tailed Lizard, Callisaurus draconoides Blainville, 1853. Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (3):23-26. - get paper here
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  • Bogert, Charles M.;Dorson, E. E. 1942. A new lizard of the genus Callisaurus from Sonora. Copeia 1942 (3): 173-175 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
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  • Burré, G. 2002. Begegnungen mit Iguaniden im Südwesten der USA. Iguana Rundschreiben 15 (2): 13-21
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  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
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  • Gerson, Marina M. 2016. Patterns of Space Use in Zebra-tailed Lizards (Callisaurus draconoides) in Joshua Tree National Park, California, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S. R. 2017. Reproduction in Zebra-tailed Lizards, Callisaurus draconoides (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae), from Nevada. Bull. Chicago Herp. Soc. 52: 47 - get paper here
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