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Callisaurus draconoides BLAINVILLE, 1835

IUCN Red List - Callisaurus draconoides - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaPhrynosomatidae, Phrynosomatinae, Callisaurini; Iguania, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesCallisaurus draconoides bogerti MARTIN DEL CAMPO 1943
Callisaurus draconoides brevipes BOGERT & DORSON 1942
Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides crinitus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides draconoides BLAINVILLE 1835
Callisaurus draconoides inusitanus DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis (HALLOWELL 1852) 
Common NamesE: Zebra-tailed Lizard
G: Zebraschwanzleguan
myurus: Northern Zebratail Lizard, Nevada Zebratail Lizard
rhodostictus: Western Zebratail Lizard, Mojave Zebratail Lizard
ventralis: Eastern Zebratail Lizard, Arizona Zebratail Lizard 
SynonymCallisaurus draconoides BLAINVILLE 1835: 286
Callisaurus draconoides — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 326
Homolosaurus ventralis HALLOWELL 1852
Callisaurus draconoides — BOULENGER 1885: 206
Callisaurus rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides splendidus DICKERSON 1919 (fide GRISMER 1999)
Callisaurus draconoides — SMITH & TAYLOR 1950: 86
Callisaurus draconoides — STEBBINS 1985: 117
Callisaurus draconoides — LINER 1994
Callisaurus draconoides — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides bogerti MARTIN DEL CAMPO 1943
Callisaurus draconoides bogerti — WEBB 1984

Callisaurus draconoides brevipes BOGERT & DORSON 1942
Callisaurus draconoides brevipes — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955: 234

Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides carmenensis — ZWEIFEL 1958

Callisaurus draconoides inusitanus DICKERSON 1919
Callisaurus draconoides inusitatus — TAYLOR 1938: 482

Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915
Callisaurus draconoides myurus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides myurus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus COPE 1896
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus — CROTHER et al. 2012

Callisaurus draconoides ventralis (HALLOWELL 1852)
Homalosaurus ventralis HALLOWELL 1852
Callisaurus ventralis — STEJNEGER 1893: 170
Callisaurus ventralis — VAN DENBURGH 1895: 97
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — COPE 1900
Callisaurus draconoides gabbii COPE 1900: 272
Callisaurus ventralis — ORTENBURGER & ORTENBURGER 1927
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — BURT 1933
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — ZWEIFEL & NORRIS 1955
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2009
Callisaurus draconoides ventralis — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (SW California, Nevada, Arizona, New Mexico),
Mexico (Baja California, Sonora, Sinaloa)

bogerti: Sinaloa.

carmenensis: Camen Island, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico.

Type locality: California. Restricted to Cape San Lucas, Baja California by SMITH & TAYLOR 1950.

splendidus: endemic to Isla Ángel de La Guarda.

rhodostictus: California, Arizona, Baja California

ventralis: Arizona, California, Nevada (fide BURT 1933) Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous. 
TypesHolotype: MNHN
Syntypes: (2) ANSP 8548, 12788; northern Lower California [gabbii]
Holotype: AMNH R5388 [carmenensis]
Holotype: AMNH R5324 [inusitanus] 
CommentSynonymy: Grismer (1999) synonymized Callisaurus draconoides splendidus with C. draconoides after examining species from the adjacent peninsula. These specimen cannot be distinguished clearly from the island populations of “splendidus”. BURT 1933 listed Callisaurus draconoides myurus RICHARDSON 1915 as a synonym of Callisaurus draconoides ventralis.

Type species: Callisaurus draconoides is the type species (and actually sole species) of the genus Callisaurus BLAINVILLE 1835. 
References
  • Adest, Gary Andrew 1987. Genetic differentiation among populations of the zebratail lizard, Callisaurus draconoides (Sauria: Iguanidae). Copeia 1987 (4): 854-859 - get paper here
  • Bergmann, P.J.; Hobbs, A.M.; Kavalanch, M.L. & Russell, A.P. 2004. Modulated but conserved segmental growth of the original tail in Callisaurus draconoides (Phrynosomatidae) and Calotes versicolor (Agamidae). Herpetologica 60 (1): 62-74 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R. L., P. C. Rosen, T. R. Van Devender, and E. F. Enderson. 2017. Southern distributional limits of the Sonoran Desert herpetofauna along the mainland coast of northwestern Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 4(1): 138–167 - get paper here
  • Bezy, R.L. 2011. Zebra-tailed Lizard, Callisaurus draconoides Blainville, 1853. Herpetofauna of the 100 Mile Circle. Sonoran Herpetologist 24 (3):23-26. - get paper here
  • Blackburn, D.G. 1994. Standardized criteria for the recognition of embryonic nutritional patterns in squamate reptiles. Copeia 1994 (4): 925-935 - get paper here
  • Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de 1835. Description de quelques espèces de reptiles de la Californie précédée de l’analyse d’un système général d’erpétologie et d’amphibiologie. Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 233-296 - get paper here
  • Bogert, Charles M.;Dorson, E. E. 1942. A new lizard of the genus Callisaurus from Sonora. Copeia 1942 (3): 173-175 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Burré, G. 2002. Begegnungen mit Iguaniden im Südwesten der USA. Iguana Rundschreiben 15 (2): 13-21
  • Burt, Charles E. 1931. On the occurrence of a throat-fan in Callisaurus ventralis gabbi and two species of Crotaphytus. Copeia 1931 (2): 58 - get paper here
  • Burt, Charles E. 1933. Some lizards from the Great Basin of the West and adjacent areas, with comments on the status of various forms. American Midland Naturalist 14: 228-250 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2009. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Sixth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 48 pp.
  • Cooper, William 2015. Age affects escape behavior by the zebra-tailed lizard (Callisaurus draconoides) more strongly than in other lizards. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (1): 37-44 - get paper here
  • Cooper, William E. and Wade C. Sherbrooke. 2015. Stop-and-go approach by a predator: a novel predation risk factor for the phrynosomatid lizards Sceloporus virgatus and Callisaurus draconoides. Amphibia-Reptilia 36 (4): 401-409
  • Cope, E.D. 1896. On the genus Callisaurus. American Naturalist 30: 1049-1050 - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • de Queiroz, K. 1989. Morphological and biochemical evolution in the sand lizards. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley. [
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dickerson, M. C. 1919. Diagnoses of twenty-three new species and a new genus of lizards from Lower California. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 41 (10): 461-477
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Enderson, Erik F.; Thomas R. Van Devender, Robert L. Bezy 2014. Amphibians and reptiles of Yécora, Sonora and the Madrean Tropical Zone of the Sierra Madre Occidental in northwestern Mexico. Check List 10 (4): 913-926 - get paper here
  • FLESCH, AARON D.; DON E. SWANN, DALE S. TURNER, AND BRIAN F. POWELL 2010. HERPETOFAUNA OF THE RINCON MOUNTAINS, ARIZONA. Southwestern Naturalist 55(2):240–253 - get paper here
  • Frost, Christopher L. and Philip J. Bergmann 2012. Spatial Distribution and Habitat Utilization of the Zebra-tailed Lizard (Callisaurus draconoides). Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 203-208. - get paper here
  • Gerson, Marina M. 2016. Patterns of Space Use in Zebra-tailed Lizards (Callisaurus draconoides) in Joshua Tree National Park, California, USA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Goldberg, S.R. 2013. Reproduction of the Zebra-tailed Lizard, Callisaurus draconoides (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae) from California. Sonoran Herpetologist 26 (4):74-76. - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2015. Reproduction of the Zebra-tailed Lizard, Callisaurus draconoides (Squamata: Phrynosomatidae),from Baja California Sur, Mexico. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 510 - get paper here
  • Goldberg, Stephen R. 2015. Callisaurus draconides. Reproduction. Mesoamerican Herpetology 2 (4): 517 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee. 1999. An evolutionary classification of reptiles on islands in the Gulf of California, México. Herpetologica 55 (4): 446-469 - get paper here
  • Hallowell,E. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles inhabiting North America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Jones, L.L. & Lovich, R.E. 2009. Lizards of the American Southwest. A photographic field guide. Rio Nuevo Publishers, Tucson, AZ, 568 pp. [review in Reptilia 86: 84] - get paper here
  • Keehn, J. E.; N. C. Nieto, C. R. Tracy, C. M. Gienger and C. R. Feldman 2013. Evolution on a desert island: body size divergence between the reptiles of Nevada's Anaho Island and the mainland around Pyramid Lake. Journal of Zoology, 291: 269–278. doi: 10.1111/jzo.12066 - get paper here
  • Leviton, Alan E.; Banta, Benjamin H. 1964. Midwinter reconnaissance of the herpetofauna of the Cape Region of Baja California, Mexico. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 30 (7): 127-156 - get paper here
  • Lindell, Johan; Fausto R. Méndez-de la Cruz and Robert W. Murphy 2005. Deep genealogical history without population differentiation: Discordance between mtDNA and allozyme divergence in the zebra-tailed lizard (Callisaurus draconoides). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 36 (3): 682-694 - get paper here
  • Mocquard, M.F. 1899. Contribution a la faune herpétologique de la Basse-Californie. Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Natur.Paris, 4th Series, Vol. 1: 297-343 + plates XI-XIII - get paper here
  • Ortenburger, A. I.;Ortenburger, R. D. 1927. Field observations on some amphibians and reptiles of Pima County, Arizona. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 6: 101-121 - get paper here
  • Parker, J. M. and S. Brito 2013. Reptiles and Amphibians of the Mojave Desert: A Field Guide. Snell Press, 184 pp. [ISBN 9780985577117]
  • Pianka, E. R.;Parker, W. S. 1972. Ecology of the iguanid lizard Callisaurus draconoides. Copeia 1972 (3): 493-508 - get paper here
  • Pianka, Eric R. 1973. The structure of lizard communities. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 4: 53-74 - get paper here
  • Richardson, C.H. 1915. Reptiles of northwestern Nevada and adjacent territory. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 48: 403-435 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Cochran, Doris 1956. Callisaurus draconoides rhodostictus Cope revived for the western fringe-footed lizard, Callisaurus draconoides gabbi Cope. Herpetologica 12: 153-154 - get paper here
  • Smith,H.M. & Taylor,E.H. 1950. An annotated checklist and key to the reptiles of Mexico exclusive of the snakes. Bull. US Natl. Mus. 199: 1-253 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Taylor, Edward Harrison 1938. Notes on the herpetological fauna of the Mexican state of Sonora. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 24 (19): 475-503 [1936] - get paper here
  • Tevis, lloyd, Jr. 1944. Herpetological notes from lower California. Copeia 1944 (1): 6-18 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh,J. 1895. A review of the herpetology of Lower California. Part I - Reptiles. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (2) 5: 77-163 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2012. Die Reptilien und Amphibien des Südwestens. Draco 13 (50): 18-60 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2013. Best of Southwest. Mit der Familie auf Reptiliensuche. Ein kleiner Reiseführer durch den Südwesten der USA. Reptilia (Münster) 18 (101): 82-93 - get paper here
  • Werning, Heiko 2014. Leguane im „Wilden Westen“. Terraria Elaphe 2014 (2): 16-25
  • Wong, Humberto; Mellink, Eric; Hollingsworth, Bradford D. 1995. Proposed recent overwater dispersal by Callisaurus draconoides to Isla Danzante, Gulf of California, México. Herpetological Natural History 3 (2): 179-182
  • Zweifel, Richard G. 1958. Results of the Puritan-American Museum of Natural History Expedition to western Mexico 2. Notes on reptiles and amphibians from the Pacific Coastal Islands of Baja California. American Museum Novitates (1895): 1-17 - get paper here
  • Zweifel,R.G. and Norris,K.S. 1955. Contributions to the herpetology of Sonora, Mexico:Descriptions of new subspecies of snakes (Micruroides euryxanthus and Lampropeltis getulus) and miscellaneous collecting notes. American Midland Naturalist 54: 230-249 - get paper here
 
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