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Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST, 1838

IUCN Red List - Callopistes maculatus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Tupinambinae, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesCallopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960 
Common NamesSpotted False Monitor 
SynonymCallopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838: 744

Callopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Aporomera ornata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 76
Ameiva oculata D’ORBIGNY & BIBRON 1847: 9
Aporomera ocellata GUICHENOT in GAY1848
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — DONOSO -BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 88
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma atacamensis — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma manni — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus manni — HARVEY et al. 2012
Callopistes maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionChile (Southern Antofagasta to Maule Province)

atacamensis: Copiapo Province, Chile (coastal area); Type locality: Rocky coast of Caldera, Chile.

manni: S Antofagasta, Chile; Type locality: Quebradas de Paposo, S Antofagasta, Chile.

Type locality: At foot of Cordillera, Chile. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
Types 
CommentSee comment in Phymaturus palluma for the usage of the name C. palluma.

Type species: Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838 is the type species of the genus Callopistes GRAVENHORST 1838. Callopistes is also the type species of the subfamily Callopistinae HARVEY et al. 2012. Note that Tucker et al. 2016 do not recognize the subfamily Callopistinae but instead assign the genus to the subfamily Tupinambinae.

Diagnosis (genus): Unlike all other extant Teiidae, Callopistes lacks femoral and abdominal pores and has three or more loreals, 2–3 complete rows of lorilabials separating the suboculars from the supralabials, heavily fractured prefrontals, and a vertical fold of skin in front of the auditory meatus [HARVEY et al. 2012].

Karyotype: Gorman (1970: 238) noticed that the karyotypes of the two Callopistes species are “indistinguishable” and “unique among lizards.” 
References
  • Castro-Pastene, Carlos; Héctor Carrasco & Jaime Troncoso-Palacios. 2015. Lagartijas y serpientes del Parque Nacional Radal Siete Tazas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 2: 12-16 - get paper here
  • D'Orbigny A. & BIBRON 1837. Voyage dans l’Amérique Méridionale, Tome 5, 1re Partie: Reptiles. Paris, P. Bertrand, Strasbourg, V.e Levrault [1837-1847] [SSAR reprint 1975]
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Reptiles en Chile. Fauna Nativa Ediciones, Santiago, 619 pp - get paper here
  • Demangel, Diego 2016. Guía de Campo - Reptiles del centro sure de Chile. Corporación Chilena de la Madera, Concepción, Chile 187 pp. - get paper here
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1960. La familia Teiidae en Chile. Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 55: 41-54
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gagliardi, Jorge et al. 2016. Fotografías herpetológicas. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 40-52. PDF - get paper here
  • Gay, C. 1848. Historia física y política de Chile. Paris, Vol. 2: 47, 53, 61
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Jara, Manuel and Daniel Pincheira-Donoso. 2013. Callopistes maculatus (Chilean iguana) saurophagy on Liolaemus. Herpetological Review 44 (4): 670-671
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
  • Troncoso-Palacios, Jaime 2014. Nueva lista actualizada de los reptiles terrestres de la Región de Atacama, Chile. Boletín Chileno de Herpetología 1: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Tucker, Derek B.; Guarino R. Colli, Lilian G. Giugliano, S. Blair Hedges, Catriona R. Hendry, Emily Moriarty Lemmon, Alan R. Lemmon, Jack W. Sites Jr., R. Alexander Pyron 2016. Methodological congruence in phylogenomic analyses with morphological support for teiid lizards (Sauria: Teiidae) Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 103: 75-84, doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2016.07.002
  • Weymann, Michael 2016. Saurofagia en juvenil de Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst 1838 (Squamata, Teiidae). Boletín Chileno de Herpetología. 3: 26-27. PDF - get paper here
 
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