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Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST, 1838

IUCN Red List - Callopistes maculatus - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaTeiidae, Callopistinae, Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesCallopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960 
Common NamesSpotted False Monitor 
SynonymCallopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838: 744

Callopistes maculatus maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838
Aporomera ornata DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 76
Ameiva oculata D’ORBIGNY & BIBRON 1847: 9
Aporomera ocellata GUICHENOT in GAY1848
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — DONOSO -BARROS 1960
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — PETERS & DONOSO-BARROS 1970: 88
Callopistes maculatus maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus atacamensis DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma atacamensis — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus atacamensis — HARVEY et al. 2012

Callopistes maculatus manni DONOSO-BARROS 1960
Callopistes palluma manni — NÚÑEZ & VELOSO 2001
Callopistes maculatus manni — HARVEY et al. 2012
Callopistes maculatus — HARVEY et al. 2012 
DistributionChile (Southern Antofagasta to Maule Province)

atacamensis: Copiapo Province, Chile (coastal area); Type locality: Rocky coast of Caldera, Chile.

manni: S Antofagasta, Chile; Type locality: Quebradas de Paposo, S Antofagasta, Chile.

Type locality: At foot of Cordillera, Chile. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Types 
CommentSee comment in Phymaturus palluma for the usage of the name C. palluma.

Type species: Callopistes maculatus GRAVENHORST 1838 is the type species of the genus Callopistes GRAVENHORST 1838. Callopistes is also the type species of the subfamily Callopistinae HARVEY et al. 2012.

Diagnosis (genus): Unlike all other extant Teiidae, Callopistes lacks femoral and abdominal pores and has three or more loreals, 2–3 complete rows of lorilabials separating the suboculars from the supralabials, heavily fractured prefrontals, and a vertical fold of skin in front of the auditory meatus [HARVEY et al. 2012].

Karyotype: Gorman (1970: 238) noticed that the karyotypes of the two Callopistes species are “indistinguishable” and “unique among lizards.” 
References
  • D'Orbigny & BIBRON 1837. Voyage dans l’Amérique Méridionale, Rept. Planches Tom. 5 [1837. 1847] [SSAR reprint 1975]
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1960. La familia Teiidae en Chile. Rev. Chilena Hist. Nat. 55: 41-54
  • Donoso-Barros, R. 1966. Reptiles de Chile. Santiago: Univ. Chile, 458 + cxlvi.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Gay, C. 1848. Historia física y política de Chile. Paris, Vol. 2: 47, 53, 61
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1838. Beiträge zur genaueren Kenntniss einiger Eidechsengattungen. Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. 18: 712-784 [1837]
  • HARVEY, MICHAEL B.; GABRIEL N. UGUETO & RONALD L. GUTBERLET, Jr. 2012. Review of Teiid Morphology with a Revised Taxonomy and Phylogeny of the Teiidae (Lepidosauria: Squamata). Zootaxa 3459: 1–156 - get paper here
  • Núñez, H. and A. Veloso 2001. Distribución geográfica de las especies de lagartos de la región de Antofagasta, Chile. Bol. Mus. Nac.Hist. Nat. 50: 109-120
 
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