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Calotes calotes (LINNAEUS, 1758)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Common Green Forest Lizard, Green Forest Calotes
G: Sägerückenagame 
SynonymLacerta Calotes LINNAEUS 1758: 207
Iguana calotes — LAURENTI 1768: 49
Agama calotes — DAUDIN 1802: 361
Agama ophiomachus MERREM 1820: 51 (nom. subst.)
Agama lineata KUHL 1820 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes ophiomachus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 403
Calotes ophiomachus — BLYTH 1846
Calotes ophiomachus — BOULENGER 1885: 327
Calotes calotes — LÖNNBERG 1896: 15
Calotes ophiomachus — ANNANDALE 1909: 255
Calotes calotes — SMITH 1935: 201
Calotes calotes — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 29
Calotes calotes — KARUNARATHNA & AMARASINGHE 2011 
DistributionS India (Travancore, Shevaroy Hills, Western Ghats, Nicobar Islands), Sri Lanka

Type locality: “Asia, Zeylona” Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: Royal Museum Stockholm 
CommentSynonymy partly after SMITH 1935. Has been reported from the Nicobar Islands but not listed by DAS 1999. Illustration in BARTS & WILMS 2003.

Type species: Lacerta Calotes LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Calotes CUVIER 1817: 35.

Size: max 55 cm (65 cm fide DAS & DE SILVA 2005)

Very common in Sri Lanka (BAHIR & SURASINGHE 2005).

Reproduction: oviparous 
References
  • Amarasinghe, A. A. T.; U. Manthey, E. Stöckli, I. Ineich, S. 0 Kullander, F. Tiedemann, C. McCarthy 2009. The original descriptions and figures of Sri Lankan agamid lizards (Squamata: Agamidae) ofthe 18th and 19th centuries. Taprobanica 1 (1): 2-15 - get paper here
  • Andersson, L.G. 1900. Catalogue of Linnean type-specimens of Linnaeus's Reptilia in the Royal Museum in Stockholm. Bihang till Konglika Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar. Stockholm. (4) 26 (1): 1-29.
  • Annandale, N. 1909. Report on a small collection of lizards from Travancore. Records of the Indian Museum 3: 253-257 - get paper here
  • Bahir, M.M. & K. P. Maduwage 2005. Calotes desilvai, a new species of agamid lizard from Morningside Forest, Sri Lanka. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 381-392
  • Bahir, M.M. & T. Surasinghe 2005. A conservation assessment of the Sri Lankan Agamidae (Reptilia: Sauria). Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 12: 407-412
  • Baier, F. 2005. Herpetologische Reiseeindrücke aus Sri Lanka. Elaphe 13 (4): 59-64
  • Barts, M. & Wilms, T. 2003. Die Agamen der Welt. Draco 4 (14): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Biswas,S. 1975. Reptilia from Bhutan with description of a new species of Calotes Rafinesque. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 72: 774-777
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Das, I. 1999. Biogeography of the amphibians and reptiles of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, India. In: Ota,H. (ed) Tropical Island herpetofauna..., Elsevier, pp. 43-77 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Erdelen, W. 1984. The genus Calotes (Sauria: Agamidae) in Sri Lanka: distribution patterns. J. Biogeogr. 11: 515-525
  • Gabadage, D. E., A. A. T. Amarasinghe and M. M. Bahir 2009. Notes on the ovipositional behaviour of Calotes calotes (Linnaeus, 1758) (Reptilia: Agamidae) in Sri Lanka. Herpetotropicos 5 (1): 21-24 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2000. A new species of Calotes from the Moluccas (Indonesia) with notes on the biogeogreaphy of the genus (Sauria: Agamidae). Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 49 (1-2): 155-163 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. The bizarre arboreal agamids. Reptilia (GB) (42): 8-15 - get paper here
  • Hallermann, J. 2005. Mit Hörnern, Kämmen und Gleithäuten - die bizarren Baumagamen. Reptilia (Münster) 10 (51): 18-25 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P. 2003. Sinharaja - Der Regenwald des Löwenkönigs. Draco 4 (15): 26-33 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Die Agamen der Insel [Sri Lanka]. Draco 7 (30): 24-33 - get paper here
  • Janzen, Peter and Malaka Bopage 2011. The herpetofauna of a small and unprotected patch of tropical rainforest in Morningside, Sri Lanka. Amphibian and Reptile Conservation 5 (2): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Kuhl,H. 1820. Beiträge zur Zoologie und vergleichenden Anatomie. Hermannsche Buchhandlung, Frankfurt, 152 pp.
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, E. 1896. Linnean type-specimens of birds, reptiles, batrachians, and fishes in the Zoological Museum of the Royal Univeristy of Upsala. Bihang till Kongliga Svenska Vetenskaps-Akademiens. Handlingar, Stockholm 22 (4) l: 1-45
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouy 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Merrem, B. 1820. Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien I (Tentamen Systematis Amphibiorum). J. C. Kriegeri, Marburg, 191 pp.
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Pawlowski, S. & Krämer, C. 2007. Habitatbeobachtungen der Grünen Gartenagame, Calotes calotes (LINNAEUS, 1758) auf Sri Lanka. Sauria 29 (4): 43-48 - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Sri KANDAMBY 1994. Lyriocephalus 1(1-2): 46
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
 
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