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Calotes emma GRAY, 1845

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria (lizards) 
SubspeciesCalotes emma alticristatus SCHMIDT 1925
Calotes emma emma GRAY 1845 
Common NamesE: Forest Garden Lizard; alticristatus: Emma Gray's Forest Lizard
G: Emmas Schönechse, Hinterindische Schönechse 
SynonymCalotes Emma GRAY 1845
Calotes emma — BOULENGER 1885: 324
Calotes emma — SMITH 1935: 195
Colotes emma — MACEY et al. 1997 (in error)
Calotes emma — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 162
Calotes emma — GRISMER 2011

Calotes emma emma GRAY 1845
Calotes emma emma — TAYLOR 1963: 897
Calotes emma emma — COX et al. 1998: 97
Calotes emma emma — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 31
Calotes emma emma — CHAN-ARD et al. 1999: 93
Calotes emma emma — SANG et al. 2009

Calotes emma alticristatus SCHMIDT 1925: 2
Calotes alticristatus SCHMIDT 1925
Calotes emma alticristata — TAYLOR 1963
Calotes emma alticristatus — COX et al. 1998: 97
Calotes emma alticristatus — SANG et al. 2009 
DistributionS China (Guangdong, Yunnan),
India (Assam, Mizoram)
Burma (= Myanmar), Thailand (incl. Phuket), Laos, Vietnam (incl. Pulo Condore islands)
Malaysia (Malaysian peninsula), Cambodia

alticristatus: N Thailand, S China (Yunnan); Type locality: Yunnan-fu.

emma: peninsular Thailand south to Perak in Malaysia; Type locality: see comment Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesLectotype: BMNH 
CommentTerra typica: “Afghanistan” (fide WERMUTH 1967; in error).

Distribution: possibly in Bhutan (Lenz 2012).

Reproduction: oviparous 
References
  • Bobrov V.V., Semenov D.V. 2008. Lizards of Vietnam [in Russian]. Moscow, 236 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Chan-ard,T.; Grossmann,W.; Gumprecht,A. & Schulz,K. D. 1999. Amphibians and reptiles of peninsular Malaysia and Thailand - an illustrated checklist [bilingual English and German]. Bushmaster Publications, Würselen, Gemany, 240 pp. [book review in Russ. J Herp. 7: 87] - get paper here
  • Cox, Merel J.; Van Dijk, Peter Paul; Jarujin Nabhitabhata & Thirakhupt,Kumthorn 1998. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. Ralph Curtis Publishing, 144 pp.
  • Das, Abhijit; Uttam Saikia, B. H. C. K. Murthy, Santanu Dey and Sushil K. Dutta 2009. A herpetofaunal inventory of Barail Wildlife Sanctuary and adjacent regions, Assam, north-eastern India. Hamadryad 34 (1): 117 – 134
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn, Jesse L. Grismer, Perry L. Wood, Jr., and A. Norhayati 2010. A CHECKLIST OF THE HERPETOFAUNA OF THE BANJARAN BINTANG, PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. Russian Journal of Herpetology 17 (2): 147-160 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Thy Neang, Thou Chav, Perry L. Wood, Jr., Jamie R. Oaks, Jeremy Holden, Jesse L. Gr 2008. Additional amphibians and reptiles from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary in Northwestern Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia, with comments on their taxonomy and the discovery of three new species. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 56 (1): 161-175
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155]
  • Hallermann, J. 2000. A new species of Calotes from the Moluccas (Indonesia) with notes on the biogeogreaphy of the genus (Sauria: Agamidae). Bonn. Zool. Beitr. 49 (1-2): 155-163 - get paper here
  • Jestrzemski, Daniel; Stefan Schütz, Truong Quang Nguyen, Thomas Ziegler 2013. A survey of amphibians and reptiles in Chu Mom Ray National Park, Vietnam, with implications for herpetofaunal conservation. Asian Journal of Conservation Biology, 2 (2): 88–110 - get paper here
  • Lalremsanga, H.T., L. Khawlhring & Lalrotluanga 2010. Three additional lizard (Squamata: Sauria) records for Mizoram, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(2): 718-720
  • Lenz, Norbert 2012. Von Schmetterlingen und Donnerdrachen - Natur und Kultur in Bhutan. Karslruher Naturhefte 4, Naturkundemuseum Karslruhe, 124 pp.
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouy 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., Larson, A.; Anajeva, N.B. & T. J. Papenfuss 1997. Replication slippage may cause parallel evolution in the secondary structures of mitochondrial transfer RNAs. Mol. Biol. Evol. 14 (1): 30-39
  • Mahony, Stephen; Md. Kamrul Hasan, Md. Mofizul Kabir, Mushfiq Ahmed and Md. Kamal Hossain. 2009. A catalogue of amphibians and reptiles in the collection of Jahangirnagar University, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Hamadryad 34 (1): 80 – 94
  • Manthey U 2008. Agamid lizards of Southern Asia, Draconinae 1. Terralog 7, 160 pp.
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Mathew, R. 2004. On an abnormal specimen of Calotes emma and notes on Japalura planidorsata. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 127 - get paper here
  • Neang Thy, L.L. Grismer et al. 2010. First report of the herpetofauna of Dalai Mountain in Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sactuary, southwestern Cardamon Mountains, Cambodia. Cambodian J Nat. Hist. 2010 (2): 127-143 - get paper here
  • Pauwels,O.S.G. et al. 2000. Herpetological investigations in Phang-Nga Province, southern Peninsular Thailand, with a list of reptile species and notes on their biology. Dumerilia 4 (2): 123-154 - get paper here
  • Sang, Nguyen Van; Ho Thu Cuc, Nguyen, Quang Truong 2009. Herpetofauna of Vietnam. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 768 pp.
  • Schmidt, KARL P. 1925. New Chinese amphibians and reptiles. American Museum Novitates (175): 1-3. - get paper here
  • Smedley, N. 1932. Notes on the herpetological collections in the Selangor Museum. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 7: 9-17
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Stuart, B.; Sok, K. & Neang, T. 2006. A collection of amphibians and reptiles from hilly Eastern Cambodia. Raffl. Bull. Zool. 54 (1): 129-155
  • Stuart, B.L. & Emmett, D.A. 2006. A Collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from the Cardamom Mountains, Southwestern Cambodia. Fieldiana Zool. N.S. (109): 1-27 - get paper here
  • Sworder, G.H. 1933. Notes on some reptiles from the Malay Peninsula. Bull. Raffl. Mus. No 8: 101-105
  • Taylor, E.H. 1963. The lizards of Thailand. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 44: 687-1077. - get paper here
  • Ulber, T. 1986. Ein Beitrag zur ' Knickschwanz ' - Problematik bei Calotes CUVIER, 1817 Sauria 8 (3): 21-22 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vindum, J. V., Htun Win, Thin Thin, Kyi Soe Lwin, Awan Khwi Shein & Hla Tun 2003. A new Calotes (Squamata: Agamidae) from the Indo-Burman range of western Myanmar (Burma). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 54(1): 1-16
  • Zhao,E. & Adler,K. 1993. Herpetology of China. SSAR, Oxford/Ohio, 1-522
  • Ziegler, T. 2002. Die Amphibien und Reptilien eines Tieflandfeuchtwald-Schutzgebietes in Vietnam. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 342 pp. - get paper here
  • Zug, G. R., H. H. K. Brown, J. A. Schulte II, and J. V. Vindum 2006. Systematics of the Garden Lizards, Calotes versicolor Group (Reptilia, Squamata, Agamidae), in Myanmar: Central Dry Zone Populations. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 57 (2):35-68.
 
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