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Calotes versicolor (DAUDIN, 1802)

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Draconinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesCalotes versicolor farooqi AUFFENBERG & REHMANN 1995
Calotes versicolor versicolor (DAUDIN 1802) 
Common NamesE: Eastern Garden Lizard, Oriental Garden Lizard, Indian Garden Lizard, Common Garden Lizard, Bloodsucker, Changeable lizard
G: Verschiedenfarbige Schönechse 
SynonymAgama versicolor DAUDIN 1802: 395
Agama tiedemanni KUHL 1820 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Agama vultuosa HARLAN 1825: 296 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes versicolor — FITZINGER 1826
Agama indica GRAY 1827: 217
Calotes versicolor — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 405
Calotes cristatus JAQUEMONT 1844
Calotes viridis GRAY 1846: 429 (fide BOULENGER 1885)
Calotes gigas BLYTH 1853: 648 (fide SMITH 1935)
Calotes versicolor — BOULENGER 1885: 321
Calotes versicolor — DE ROOIJ 1915: 124
Calotes versicolor major ANNANDALE 1921 (nom. subst. pro C. gigas)
Calotes versicolor — SMITH 1935: 189
Calotes versicolor — TAYLOR 1963: 891
Calotes versicolor — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 163
Calotes versicolor — COX et al. 1998: 96
Calotes versicolor — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 35
Calotes versicolor versicolor — MANTHEY 2008: 86
Calotes cf. versicolor — MAHONY et al. 2009

Calotes versicolor farooqi AUFFENBERG & REHMANN 1995
Calotes versicolor nigrigularis AUFFENBERG & REHMANN 1993
Calotes versicolor farooqi AUFFENBERG & REHMANN 1995 (nom. nov.)
Calotes versicolor nigrigularis — SANG et al. 2009: 202
Calotes versicolor farooqi — SANG et al. 2009: 202
Calotes versicolor farooqi — MASROOR 2011 
DistributionSE Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan,
India (incl. Tamil Nadu, Assam, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Kerala, Himachal Pradesh, Mizoram, Andaman Islands), Sri Lanka (Ceylon), Bangladesh, Burma (= Myanmar), Thailand, W Malaysia (incl. Pulau Pangkor), Vietnam (Binh Thuan etc.), e.g. Pulo Condore Island, Cambodia,
S China (Yunnan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Honkong, Hainan Island), Maldives

Indonesia (Sumatra), Singapore,

Introduced to Celebes, Maldives, Seychelles, USA (Florida)
Mauritius (Reunion, Rodrigues; fide Glaw, pers. comm. and ROGNER 2006)
Introduced to Oman (fide VAN DER KOOIJ 2001) and Borneo (DAS et al. 2009).

Type locality: “India” fide Auffenberg & Rehman 1993; restricted to “Pondicherry” by KUHL (fide Auffenberg & Rehman 1993) but also designated by SMITH 1935.

nigrigularis = farooqi: Pakistan; Type locality: on shrub on rocky hillside, Shargal, 20 km S Balakot, Manshera Dist., Northwest Frontier Province (lat. 34.3° N, long. 73.4° E), Pakistan. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: lost (Auffenberg & Rehman 1993). The specimen MNHN 2548, collected from Pondicherry by Leschenault, cannot be a syntype of C. versicolor Daudin 1802, because Leschenault visited Pondicherry only after 1816. According to Daudin’s original description (1802) one of his two syntypes measured 81 mm SVL, 202.5 mm tail length and 283.5 mm total length.
Holotype: ANSP 7296 [Agama vultuosa]
Holotype: FMNH/UF 79470, adult male [nigrigularis = farooqi] 
CommentSynonymy partly after WERMUTH 1967.

Distribution: Very common in Sri Lanka (BAHIR & SURASINGHE 2005).

Note that Calotes versicolor nigrigularis AUFFENBERG & REHMANN 1993 is a junior primary homonym of Calotes nigrigularis OTA & HIKIDA 1991 (i.e. it has the same name but is a different species).

Reproduction: oviparous 
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