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IUCN Red List - Calumma tarzan - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
DistributionCE Madagascar (Anosibe An’Ala region)

Type locality: forest fragment near Tarzanville (19°19’50.3’’ S, 48°13’22.5’’ E, 847 m elevation), Moramanga Province, central eastern Madagascar. Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: ZSM 219/2010 (FGZC 4510), adult male with incompletely everted hemipenes, collected on 12 April 2010 by P.-S. Gehring, F. Glaw, J. Köhler, K. Mebert, E. Rajeriarison & F. M. Ratsoavi- na. 
CommentPhoto in Elaphe 18 (4): 20 [2010]. 
EtymologyThe species was discovered in a small rainforest fragment very close to the village formerly known as Tarzanville (since recently called Ambodimeloka, meaning “place of the curve”). Therefore, Gehring et al. dedicated the new species to the fictional forest man “Tarzan” in the hope that this famous name will promote awareness and conservation activities for this apparently highly threatened new species and its habitats, in the mid-altitude rainforest. The epithet is an invariable noun in apposition. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.-S., M. Pabijan, F. M. Ratsoavina, J. Köhler, M. Vences & F. Glaw 2010. A Tarzan yell for conservation: a new chameleon, Calumma tarzan sp. n., proposed as a flagship species for the creation of new nature reserves in Madagascar. Salamandra 46 (3): 167-179 - get paper here
  • Gehring, P.-S.; M. Pabijan, F. M. Ratsoavina, J. Köhler, K. Mebert & F. Glaw 2010. Calumma tarzan. Eine neue Chamäleonart aus Madaskar braucht dringend Hilfe!. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (86): 60-64 - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Randrianantoandro, Christian R 2012. New distribution record of the critically endangered chameleon Calumma tarzan west of the Mangoro river in eastern Madagascar. Herpetology Notes 6: 165-166 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H., Glaw, F.& R. Günther 2005. Aktualisierte Liste der Geckos von Neuguinea (Sauria: Geckonidae: Gekkoninae) mit vorläufiger Charakterisierung von neun Formen aus den Gattungen Cyrtodactylus Gray, 1827, Gehyra Gray, 1834 und Nactus Kluge, 1983. Gekkota 5: 33-64 - get paper here
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