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Calyptommatus leiolepis RODRIGUES, 1991

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Gymnophthalminae), Gymnophthalmini, Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards)
Common Names 
SynonymCalyptommatus leiolepis RODRIGUES 1991
Calyptommatus leiolepis — CASTOE et al. 2004
Calyptommatus leiolepis — LIVIGNI 2013: 383
Calyptommatus leiolepis — BARROS et al. 2020 
DistributionBrazil (Bahia)

Type locality: Brazil: Bahia: Ibiraba (10'48'S, 42'50'W),  
TypesHolotype: MZUSP 68.342 
CommentLimb morphology: Species of Calyptommatus (sinebrachiatus, leiolepis, and nicterus) show extreme reduction of hind limbs, absence of fore limbs.

They also show absence of prefrontals, frontals, supraoculars and frontoparietals, and are thought to be related to the recently described genus Nothobachia. 
  • Barros, F. C. de, Grizante, M. B., Zampieri, F. A., & Kohlsdorf, T. 2020. Peculiar relationships among morphology, burrowing performance and sand type in two fossorial microteiid lizards. Zoology, 125880 [print 2021] - get paper here
  • Castoe, T.A.; Doan, T.M. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004. Data partitions and complex models in Bayesian analysis: the phylogeny of Gymnophthalmid lizards. Systematic Biology 53 (3): 448-469 - get paper here
  • Ezaz, T. et al. 2009. Sex Chromosome Evolution in Lizards: Independent Origins and Rapid Transitions. Cytogenet Genome Res 127: 249-260 - get paper here
  • Lambertz, M. 2010. Kommentierte Liste der squamaten Reptilien des Sanddünengebietes am mittleren Rio São Francisco (Bahia, Brasilien) unter besonderer Berücksichtigung endemischer Faunenelemente. Ophidia 4 (2): 2-17 - get paper here
  • LiVigni, F. (ed.) 2013. A Life for Reptiles and Amphibians, Volume 1. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 495 pp. - get paper here
  • Ramiro, Carolina Nisa; Mauro Teixeira Junior and Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2017. Reproductive Biology of Three Sympatric Species of Gymnophthalmid Lizards from the Sand Dunes of the Middle São Francisco River, Bahia, Brazil. South American J. Herp. 12 (1): 76–88 - get paper here
  • Rodrigues M T 1991. Herpetofauna das dunas interiores do rio Sao Francisco, Bahia, Brasil. 1. Introducao a area e descricao de um novo genero de microteiideos (Calyptommatus) com notas sobre sua ecologia, distribuicao e especiacao (Sauria, Teiidae). Pap. Avul. Zool., Sao Paulo 37(19) 1991: 285-320
  • Rodrigues, M.T. 2003. Herpetofauna da Caatinga. In: I.R. Leal, M. Tabarelli & J.M.C. Silva (eds.). Ecologia e conservação da Caatinga, pp. 181-236. Editora Universitária, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brasil.
  • Siedchlag, Ana Carolina; Maria Lúcia Benozzati, José Carlos Passoni, Miguel Trefaut Rodrigues 2010. Genetic structure, phylogeny, and biogeography of Brazilian eyelid-less lizards of genera Calyptommatus and Nothobachia (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae) as inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56 (2): 622-630 - get paper here
  • Uchôa LR, Delfim FR, Mesquita DO, Colli GR, Garda AA, Guedes TB 2022. Lizards (Reptilia: Squamata) from the Caatinga, northeastern Brazil: Detailed and updated overview. Vertebrate Zoology 72: 599-659 - get paper here
  • Yonenaga-Yassuda, Yatiyo et al. 2005. Chromosomal banding patterns in the eyelid-less microteiid lizard radiation: The X1X1X2X2:X1X2Y sex chromosome system in Calyptommatus and the karyotypes of Psilophthalmus and Tretioscincus (Squamata, Gymnophthalmidae). Genetics and Molecular Biology 28 (4): 700-709 - get paper here
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