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Calyptotis lepidorostrum GREER, 1983

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Sphenomorphinae (Sphenomorphini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Cone-eard Calyptotis 
SynonymCalyptotis lepidorostrum GREER 1983: 34
Calyptotis lepidorostrum — COGGER 2000: 587
Calyptotis lepidorostrum — WILSON & SWAN 2010 
DistributionAustralia (Queensland)

Type locality: Bulburin State Forest, Queensland, elevation 540 m. Site No. I in the Australian Museum and Queensland Museum's joint faunal survey of the eastern Australian rainforests, or more approximately ca. 8.5 km E of Builyan, Qld. 24°31'S, 151°29'E.  
TypesHolotype: QM J33612; Parataypes: AM 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Calyptotis lepidorostrum differs from its congeners in the following combination of characters: prefrontals present instead of absent; external ear represented by a scaly, conical depression instead of a recessed naked tympanum or a shallow, scaly, discoidal depression, and head and body moderately deep instead of depressed. 
CommentLimb morphology: 5 digits, 5 toes (Singhal et al. 2018, Cogger 2014) 
EtymologyThe name lepidorostrum derives from the Greek word for scale (lepidos) and the Latin word for snout (rostrum) and calls attention to the presence of distinct prefrontal scales in contrast to their absence in the closely related C. scutirostrum. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Greer A E 1983. The Australian scincid lizard genus Calyptotis de Vis: resurrection of the name, description of four new species, and discussion of relationships. Rec. Austral. Mus. 35 (1): 29-59 - get paper here
  • Shea, Glenn M; Sadlier, Ross A 1999. A catalogue of the non-fossil amphibian and reptile type specimens in the collection of the Australian Museum: types currently, previously and purportedly present. TECHNICAL REPORTS OF THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM 15, 1999: 1-91 - get paper here
  • Singhal, Sonal; Huateng Huang, Maggie R. Grundler, María R. Marchán-Rivadeneira, Iris Holmes, Pascal O. Title, Stephen C. Donnellan, and Daniel L. Rabosky 2018. Does Population Structure Predict the Rate of Speciation? A Comparative Test across Australia’s Most Diverse Vertebrate Radiation. The American Naturalist - get paper here
  • Skinner, Adam; Mark N. Hutchinson, Michael S.Y. Lee 2013. Phylogeny and Divergence Times of Australian Sphenomorphus Group Skinks (Scincidae, Squamata). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 69 (3): 906–918 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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