You are here » home advanced search Candoia carinata

Candoia carinata (SCHNEIDER, 1801)

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaBoidae (Boinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCandoia carinata carinata (SCHNEIDER 1801)
Candoia carinata tepedeleni SMITH et al. 2001 
Common NamesPacific boa; carinata: New Guinea Tree Boa, Schneider's Bevelnosed Boa; tepedeleni: Tepedelen's Bevelnosed Boa 
SynonymBoa carinata SCHNEIDER 1801: 261
Boa variegata THUNBERG 1807
Candoia carinata — GRAY 1842: 43
Enygrus carinatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1844: 479
Enygrus carinatus — GÜNTHER 1863: 398
Enygrus carinatus — BOULENGER 1893: 107
Enygrus carinatus — BOULENGER 1895: 31
Enygrus carinatus — DE ROOIJ 1917: 31
Enygrus carinatus — BARBOUR 1921: 109
Enygrus carinatus — KINGHORN 1928: 290
Candoia carinata — STIMSON 1969
Candoia carinata — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 188

Candoia carinata carinata (SCHNEIDER 1801)
Candoia carinata carinata — WIRZ 2003

Candoia carinata tepedeleni SMITH et al. 2001
Enygrus carinatus (part) — WERNER 1899: 373
Enygrus carinatus (part) — HEDIGER 1933: 15
Candoia carinata carinata (part): STIMSON 1969: 7 (Bismarck Archipelago).
Candoia carinata (part) — MCDOWELL 1979: 27-51
Candoia carinata tepedeleni SMITH et al. 2001 
DistributionIndonesia (Sulawesi, Sangihe, Telaud, Moluccas, Misool, Batanta, Salawati, Angaur, Irian Jaya), Papua New Guinea (Bismarck Archipelago; northern Province: S slope Mt. Trafalgar, 9.2340°S, 149.1541°E, 223 m elevation; Lae) (Smith et al. 2001, Kraus 2013), Solomon I, Vanuatu (possibly introduced)

C. c. carinata: Sangihe, W Moluccas (Banda, Gora, Haruku), Irian Jaya (Miosool, Batanta, Salawati), Papua New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Tanimbar (fide WIRZ 2003).

C. c. tepedeleni (SMITH et al. 2001): from Liki Island off the northern eoast of Irian Jaya eastward through the Admiralty Islands, New Britain, New Ireland and some adjacent islands, Bismarck Archipelago. Type locality: Rabaul, New Britain.

C. s. superciliosa: Belau.

C. s. crombiei: Ngeaur.

Type locality: not been reported previously, but is indicated as "Amboina" on a label with the lectotype. The specimen is redescribed and figured, and conforms with expectations for material from the vicinity of the type locality” (Böhme et al. 1998). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Typeslectotype: ZFMK 35503
Holotype MCZ 72155, an adult male, Fred Parker collector; 1963 [tepedeleni]. 
CommentThe lectotype of Boa carinata Schneider, 1801, has been rediscovered and is now ZFMK 35503, having been transferred in 1977 from the Gottingen Museum, its original location.

Reproduction: viviparous.

Diagnosis (tepedeleni): Candoia c. tepedeleni i8 a subspecies of C carinata, with which it agrees (and differs from C superciliosa) in having large dark blotches on sides (Fig. 6); 4-8 scales between enlarged supraoculars; scales in 2nd row of dorsals always (20) keeled at least on neck; subcaudals always (19) 48 or more; tailltotallength ratio usually .16 or more (88%, 15 of 17); and minimum interorbital count always (20) 7 or more. Candoia c. tepedeleni differs from the nominotypical subspecies in having 179 or more ventrals (90%, 18 of 20, vs 13%,6 of 47); ventrals plus caudals 229 or more (100% of 20, vs 11 %, 5 of 47); ventrals minus caudals 128 or more (68%, 13 of 19, vs 26%, 12 of 4 7); caudals 52 or more (79%, 15 of 19, vs 25%, 12 of 47); posterior scale rows 24 or 25 (68%,13 of 19, vs 31 %, 15 of 47); interorbitals 9 or more (65%, 13 of20, vs22%, 100f46); anteriorscalerows27 or 28 (90%, 18 of 20, vs 49%, 24 of 4 7); frequently 4 or 5 postrostrals instead of the standard 3 (50% vs 12%); internasals usually 3 or more (70% vs 31 %); scales between internasals and postrostrals 1-4, 45% (9 of 20) over 2 (vs 0-6, 22% [11 of 49] over 2). 
EtymologyEtymology. The name carinata (Latin, carinate or keeled) alludes to the prominent keels characteristic ofthe species. At the time the name was proposed, the species was the only booid snake known with keeled scales.

Etymology. The subspecifie name newly proposed here honors a colleague of SMITH et al. (2001), “Kamuran Tepedelen, to whom we are indebted for initiation of the study of the Candoia carinata complex, and for providing critical live material for observation in captivity. The University of Colorado Museum is also indebted to him for donation of many exotic herpetozoa. He sets a high standard for maintenance of animals destined for herpetoculture and research. His camaraderie has expedited numerous projects at this institution and elsewhere.” 
References
  • Austin,C.C. 2000. Molecular phylogeny and historical biogeography of Pacific Island boas (Candoia). Copeia 2000 (2): 341-352 - get paper here
  • Barbour, Thomas 1921. Reptiles and amphibians from the British Solomon Islands. Proc. New England zool. Club 7: 91-112 - get paper here
  • Bauer, A.M. and Wahlgren, R. 2000. On Boa variegata Thunberg 1807, a neglected boid snake name. Hamadryad 25:93-97 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang; Hobart M. Smith, John Rybak, Frank van Breukelen, and David Chiszar 1998. THE LECTOTYPE AND TYPE LOCALITY OF CANDOIA CARINATA (REPTILIA, SERPENTES). Contemporary Herpetology 1998 (2): http://alpha.selu.edu/ch/
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1895. On a collection of reptiles and batrachians from Ferguson Island, D'Entrecasteaux group British New Guinea. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (6) 16: 28-32 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1886. On the reptiles and batrachians of the Solomon Islands. Trans. Zool. Soc. London 12: 35-62
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Colvée, S. & Martín, A. 2005. Keeping Pacific Island Boas of the Genus Candoia. Reptilia (GB) (39): 73-77 - get paper here
  • Colvée, S. & Weffer, E. 2004. Candoia aspera - The Short-Tailed Ground Boa. Reptilia (GB) (33): 43-49 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1844. Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.6. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 609 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1842. Synopsis of the species of prehensile-tailed snakes, or family Boidae. Zool. Misc. 2: 41-46
  • Günther,A. 1863. Contribution to the herpetology of Ceram. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (3) 12: 397-399 - get paper here
  • Ineich, I. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles. In: Bouchet P., Le Guyader H. & PascaL O. (eds), The Natural History of Santo. pp. 187-236. MNhN, Paris; Ird, Marseille; PNI, Paris. 572 pp. (Patrimoines naturels; 70).
  • Jan, G. 1861. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 2. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J. R. 1928. Notes on Some Reptiles and Batrachians from the Northern Division of Papua, With Descriptions of New Species of Apisthocalamus and Lygosoma. Rec. Austral. Mus. 16: 289-293. - get paper here
  • Kinghorn, J.R. 1928. Herpetology of the Solomon Islands. Rec. Austral. Mus. 16: 123-178 - get paper here
  • Kraus, Fred. 2013. Further range extensions for reptiles and amphibians from Papua New Guinea. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 277-280
  • Lang, R. de & G. Vogel 2005. The snakes of Sulawesi. A field guide to the land snakes of Sulawesi with identification keys. Frankfurter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, 25, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 312 pp.
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Noonan, B.P. & Sites, J.W. Jr. 2010. Tracing the Origins of Iguanid Lizards and Boine Snakes of the Pacific. American Naturalist 175 (1): 61-72 - get paper here
  • Parker, J. 2012. Candoia. HerpNation (9): 52-60 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, KP 1932. Reptiles and Amphibians from the Solomon Islands. Field Mus. Nat. Hist. Zool. Ser. - 18 (9): 175-190 - get paper here
  • Schneider, JOHANN GOTTLOB 1801. Historiae Amphibiorum naturalis et literariae. Fasciculus secundus continens Crocodilos, Scincos, Chamaesauras, Boas. Pseudoboas, Elapes, Angues. Amphisbaenas et Caecilias. Frommanni, Jena. 374 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith, H.M.; Chiszar, D.; Tepedelen, K. & van Breukelen, F. 2001. A revision of bevelnosed boas (Candoia carinata complex) (Reptilia: Serpentes). Hamadryad 26 (2): 283-315 - get paper here
  • Stimson, Andrew F. 1969. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Boidae (Boinae + Bolyeriinae + Loxoceminae + Pythoninae). Das Tierreich 89 xi + 1-49
  • Stull, O.G. 1956. Description of a new subspecies of the boid snake, Enygrus carinatus. Copeia 1956 (3): 185-186 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 2006. Adventures in Green Python Country. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 364 pp. - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1899. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Togoland, Kamerun und Deutsch-Neu-Guinea grösstentheils aus dem k. Museum für Naturkunde in Berlin. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 49: 132-157
  • Werner, F. 1899. Beiträge zur Herpetologie der pacifischen Inselwelt und von Kleinasien. I. Bemerkungen über einige Reptilien aus Neu-Guinea und Polynesien. II. Über einige Reptilien und Batrachier aus Kleinasien. Zool. Anz. 22: 371-375, 375-378 - get paper here
  • Wirz, S. 2002. Ein Kleinod im Terrarium - die Pazifik-Boa Candoia carinata carinata (SCHNEIDER 1801). Herpetofauna 24 (139): 19-27 - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator