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Candoia paulsoni (STULL, 1956)

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Candoiinae, Candoiidae), Henophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesCandoia paulsoni paulsoni (STULL 1956)
Candoia paulsoni vindumi SMITH & CHISZAR 2001
Candoia paulsoni tasmai SMITH & TEPEDELEN 2001
Candoia paulsoni mcdowelli SMITH & CHISZAR 2001
Candoia paulsoni sadlieri SMITH & CHISZAR 2001
Candoia paulsoni rosadoi SMITH & CHISZAR 2001 
Common NamesE: Solomon Island Ground boa
G: Pazifikboa
E: Vindum's Bevelnosed Boa [vindumi]
E: Tasma's Bevelnosed Boa [tasmai]
E: McDowell's Bevelnosed Boa [mcdowelli] 
SynonymEnygrus carinatus paulsoni STULL 1956
Candoia paulsoni paulsoni — SMITH et al. 2001: 311
Candoia paulsoni — WIRZ 2003
Candoia paulsoni — WALLACH et al. 2014: 147
Candoia paulsoni — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 26

Candoia paulsoni mcdowelli SMITH & CHISZAR in SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia paulsoni mcdowelli — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 27

Candoia paulsoni rosadoi SMITH & CHISZAR in SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia paulsoni rosadoi — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 27

Candoia paulsoni sadlieri SMITH & CHISZAR in SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia paulsoni sadlieri — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 27

Candoia paulsoni tasmai SMITH & TEPEDELEN in SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — LAND & VOGEL 2005
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — KOCH et al. 2007
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — KOCH 2012
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — DE LANG 2013
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 28
Candoia paulsoni tasmai — GLÄSSER-TROBISCH & TROBISCH 2021

Candoia paulsoni vindumi SMITH & CHISZAR in SMITH et al. 2001
Candoia paulsoni vindumi — REYNOLDS & HENDERSON 2018: 28 
DistributionIndonesia (Halmahera, Talaud archipelago), Solomon Islands

TYPE LOCALITY: Ugi Island, Solomon Islands

mcdowelli: E Papua New Guinea; Type locality: Sogeri, Papua New Guinea (Smith et al., 2001).

rosadoi: Papua New Guinea (Misima Island); Type locality: Bwagaoia village, Misima Island (Smith et al., 2001).

sadlieri: Papua New Guinea (Woodlark Island), Type locality: Guasopa, Woodlark Island.

tasmai: Indonesia (Halmahera, Sulawesi); Type locality: Kampung Loloba, Halmahera

vindumi: Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island); Type locality: Kunua, Bougainville Island.  
Reproductionviviparous (not imputed, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: MCZ 14521
Holotype: MCZ R111795, a female [mcdowelli]
Holotype: AMS 124945, a male [rosadoi]
Holotype: AMS 124877, a female [sadlieri]
Holotype: USNM 215917, a male [tasmai]
Holotype: AMNH 92064, a female [vindumi] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis and definition. A member of the Candoia carinata complex, differing from other complexes of the genus in having a broad, tlat, slanted, bevel-like, overhung snout, supralabials entering orbit, subcaudals 35 or more, and ventrals less than 203. Differing from members of the Candoia carinata subcomplex in always lacking a distinctive postanal white spot; scales in second row of dorsals never keeled; usually one or more enlarged supraoculars reaching orbit on both sides (92%); anterior scale rows usually (88%) 29 or more; maximum scale rows usually (89%) 36 or more; posterior scale rows usually (74%) 25 or more; ventrals minus caudals usually (93%) 136 or more; tail/totallength ratio usually (85%) .14 or less; usually (77%) two or more enlarged supraoculars reaching orbit on one or both sides; lip/eye diameter ratio usually (57%) .61 ormore. (Smith et al. 1981: 297) 
CommentSubspecies: SMITH et al. (2001) elevated C. c. paulsoni to full species status and stated the existence of 2 subspecies of C. carinata (carinata and tepedeleni). In addition, these authors revalidated another species, C. superciliosa (GÜNTHER 1863) with 2 subspecies, C. s. superciliosa and C. s. crombiei from Ngeaur Island in the Belau Archipelago. 
EtymologyNamed after John Paulson, a Swedish herpetologist from Gothenburg.

C. p. vindumi was named after Jens V. Vindum, collections manager for herpetology in the California Academy of Science, to whom “we are indebted for his encouragement at a critical time, for his counsel, and for his cooperation in making available vital material for study.”

C. p. tasmai was named after “Mr. Budiyanto Tasma of Jakarta, Indonesia, who has been of prime importance in providing many specimens with reliable locality data.”

C. p. mcdowelli was named after “Dr. Samuel B. McDowell for his epochal study of variation in the Candoia carinata complex, as weil as for his other taxonomic and anatomical studies setting new high standards of scholarship.”

C. p. sadlieri was named after “the herpetological collections manager of the Australian Museum in Sydney, Australia, Ross A. Sadlier, in recognition ofhis patient compliance with our appeal for the loan of critical material and for vital counseI.” 
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