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Capitellum parvicruzae HEDGES & CONN, 2012

IUCN Red List - Capitellum parvicruzae - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesLesser Saint Croix Skink 
SynonymCapitellum parvicruzae HEDGES & CONN 2012: 67 
DistributionVirgin Islands (St. Croix)

Type locality: St. Croix  
Reproduction 
TypesHolotype: ZMUC-R 99, an adult female from St. Croix (no specific locality), U. S. Virgin Islands, collected by "Mr. Eggers" and accessioned on 10 July 1875. Only known from the holotype. 
CommentConservation: Critically Endangered and possibly extinct (CR A2ace)(Adkins-Giese et al. 2014).

Abundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe Latin species name (parvicruzae) is a feminine genitive singular noun referring to the smaller size of this species (parvus, small) compared with the other species on St. Croix, Spondylurus magnacruzae sp. nov., and to its distribution. The island was named "Santa Cruz" by Christopher Columbus in 1493 and later renamed Saint Croix by the French. 
References
  • Adkins-Giese, C.L., Curry, T., Platenberg, R. 2014. PETITION TO LIST NINE SPECIES OF CARIBBEAN SKINKS AS ENDANGERED UNDER THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT. CENTER FOR BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY, 61 pp. - get paper here
  • Hedges, S.B. & Conn, C.E. 2012. A new skink fauna from Caribbean islands (Squamata, Mabuyidae, Mabuyinae). Zootaxa 3288: 1–244 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
 
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