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Carlia munda (DE VIS, 1885)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Shaded-litter Rainbow-skink 
SynonymHeteropus mundus DE VIS 1885
Mocoa melanopogon GRAY 1845: 82
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) mundum — SMITH 1937: 225
Carlia foliorum — COGGER 1983: 138
Carlia springelli WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985: 24
Carlia munda — INGRAM & COVACEVICH 1989
Carlia munda — COGGER 2000: 395
Carlia munda — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (Northern Territory, Queensland, Western Australia)

Type locality: Warro, Port Curtis, Qld. Neotype locality: State Fores, foothills of Mt Larcom, Qld.  
TypesNeotype: QM J15654, collected J. Covacevich & T. Tebble, 6.ix.1968. Designation by Ingram & Covacevich (1989). Syntypes: QM (2 specimens) presumed lost, see Covacevich, J. (1971).
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.16.42, male [Mocoa melanopogon] 
CommentSynonymy: Mocoa melanopogon GRAY 1845 became a junior homonym of Lygosoma melanopogon DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839 when BOULENGER (1887) included all lygosomine species in the genus Lygosoma. The “code” states that “a secondary homonym replaced prior to 1961 is permanently invalid unless the substitute is not in use and the relevant taxa are no longer congeneric” (after ZUG 2004). Synonymy partly following INGRAM & COVACEVICH 1989. 
  • Afonso Silva, A. C. 2018. Evolutionary history of sympatric Rainbow skinks from the Australian Monsoonal Tropics. PhD Thesis, University of Lisbon, Portugal
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Covacevich, J. 1971. Amphibian and reptile type specimens in the Queensland Museum. [type catalogue] Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 16: 49-68 - get paper here
  • De Vis, C. W. 1885. A conspect of the genus Heteropus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 166-173 - get paper here
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • Edwards, Scott V.; Sally Potter, C. Jonathan Schmitt, Jason G. Bragg, and Craig Moritz 2016. Reticulation, divergence, and the phylogeography–phylogenetics continuum. PNAS 2016 113 (29) 8025-8032; doi:10.1073/pnas.1601066113 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1974. The generic relationships of the scincid lizard genus Leiolopisma and its relatives. Australian Journal of Zoology 31: 1-67. - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E. 1975. Notes on the systematics of the genus Carlia (Lacertilia: Scincidae). I. Carlia melanopogon Gray 1845. Herpetologica 31 (1): 70-75 - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1937. A review of the genus Lygosoma (Scincidae: Reptilia) and its allies. Records of the Indian Museum 39 (3): 213-234
  • Storr, G. M.; L. A. Smith, and R. E. Johnstone 1999. Lizards of Western Australia. I. Skinks. Revised Edition. Western Australian Museum
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
  • Zug,G. R. 2004. Systematics of the Carlia “fusca” lizards (Squamata: Scincidae) of New Guinea and Nearby Islands. Bishop Mus. Bull. Zool. 5: 1-83
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