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Carlia tetradactyla (O'SHAUGHNESSY, 1879)

IUCN Red List - Carlia tetradactyla - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Eugongylinae (Eugongylini), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Southern Rainbow-skink 
SynonymMocoa tetradactyla O'SHAUGHNESSY 1879: 300
Lygosoma maccooeyi RAMSAY & OGILBY 1890
Lygosoma (Leiolopisma) tetradactylum — LUCAS & FROST 1894: 79
Carlia tetradactyla — COGGER 1983
Carlia tetradactyla — COGGER 2000: 401
Carlia tetradactyla — DOLMAN & HUGALL 2008 
DistributionAustralia (New South Wales, Queensland, Victoria)

Type locality: unknown (fide COGGER 1983 labelled “Queensland ?”)  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.8.17.43 (formerly 
DiagnosisDescription: “Head broad; snout obtuse, rounded. Internasal plate broad, its posterior point touching the short pentagonal frontal; two broad transverse fronto-nasals nearly contiguous; fronto-parietal plate very large: its greatest breadth nearly double that of the frontal, almost triangular, but furnished with a posterior projection which reduces the interparietal to the merest rudiment; two oblique transverse parietals, each followed by two broad posterior plates. Four supraorbital plates. Nostril in the hinder and lateral portion of the nasal plate, the anterior angle of which is separated from that of the opposite side by the internasal; two frenals and three preoculars, one superior and two inferior. Seven supralabials; six infralabials. Transparent disk of lower eyelid very large. Ear opening moderate. Scales smooth, equal on the sides and belly, in 32 longitudinal series, the middle ventral series between the chin and the vent consisting of 54 scales. Anterior limb, when stretched forward, reaching to front angle of eye; with four toes, the first shorter than the fourth, the second shorter than the third, which 18 the longest: hind limb reaching forward three fourths the length of the side, with five toes. Coloration: Above olive-brown speckled with black on the head. Five longitudinal black lines on the back between the series of scales, and separated from the sides of the body by a broad unbroken stripe of the ground-colour; a bright yellowish-brown stripe extends from above the ear-opening along the side to the tail, and another similar stripe between the fore and hind limbs. Lower surface bluish.” (O’Shaughnessy 1879). 
CommentSynonymy after COGGER 1983. 
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp. - get paper here
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Couper, P., Covacevich, J., Amey, A. & Baker, A. 2006. The genera of skinks (Family Scincidae) of Australia and its island territories: diversity, distribution and identification. in: Merrick, J.R., Archer, M., Hickey, G.M. & Lee, M.S.Y. (eds.). Evolution and Zoogeography of Australasian Vertebrates. Australian Scientific Publishing, Sydney, pp. 367-384
  • Dolman, Gaynor & Andrew F. Hugall 2008. Combined mitochondrial and nuclear data enhance resolution of a rapid radiation of Australian rainbow skinks (Scincidae: Carlia). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 782-794 - get paper here
  • DONNELLAN, S.C.; P.J. COUPER, K. M. SAINT & L. WHEATON 2009. Systematics of the Carlia ‘fusca’ complex (Reptilia: Scincidae) from northern Australia. Zootaxa 2227: 1-31 - get paper here
  • Ingram G; Covacevich J 1989. Revision of the genus Carlia (Reptilia, Scincidae) in Australia with comments on Carlia bicarinata of New Guinea. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 27 (2): 443-490 - get paper here
  • Kay, G.M.; D. Michael; M. Crane; S. Okada; C. MacGregor; D. Florance; D. Trengove; L. McBurney; D. Blair; D.B. Lindenmayer. 2013. A list of reptiles and amphibians from Box Gum Grassy Woodlands in south-eastern Australia. Check List 9 (3):476-481 - get paper here
  • Lucas, A. H. S. & Frost, C. 1894. The lizards indigenous to Victoria. Proc. R. Soc. Vict. (ns) 6: 24-92 - get paper here
  • Michael, D.R.; D.B. Lindenmayer; M. Crane; C. MacGregor; R. Montague-Drake; L. McBurney. 2011. Reptilia, Murray catchment, New South Wales, southeastern Australia. Check List 7 (1):25-29 - get paper here
  • Murphy, Michael J. 2016. Survey of the reptiles and amphibians of Yarrigan National Park in the Pilliga forest of northern inland New South Wales. Australian Zoologist 38 (2): 147- - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1879. Description of new species of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (5) 4: 295-303 - get paper here
  • Ramsay, E. P. & Ogilby, J. D. 1890. Redescription of an Australian skink. Rec. Austral. Mus. 1: 8-9 - get paper here
  • Swan, G.; Sadlier, R.; Shea, G. 2017. A field guide to reptiles of New South Wales. Reed New Holland, 328 pp.
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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