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Carphophis vermis (KENNICOTT, 1859)

IUCN Red List - Carphophis vermis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaDipsadidae, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesWestern Worm Snake 
SynonymCeluta vermis KENNICOTT 1859: 99
Carphophiops vermis — COPE 1893: 385
Carphophis vermis — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 181
Carphophis vermis — CROTHER 2000: 57
Carphophis amoenus vermis — CRAVEN & KNUDSEN 1996
Carphophis amoenus vermis — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 84
Carphophis vermis — COLLINS & TAGGART 2002 
DistributionUSA (S Iowa, SE Nebraska, E Kansas, Missouri, Louisiana, E Oklahoma, NE-Texas; isolated records from SW Wisconsin, SE Arkansas)

Type locality: Missouri  
TypesHolotype: NWU (probably lost; not in USNM) (P.R. Hoy). 
CommentReproduction: oviparous. Hybridizes with with Carphophis amoenus helenae in a relictual, disjunct area in NE-Louisiana (CONANT & COLLINS 1991). 
References
  • Bailey, Reeve M. 1939. Carphophis amoena vermis and Lampropeltis calligaster in Iowa. Copeia 1939 (4): 218-220 - get paper here
  • Clark, Donald R., Jr. 1968. A proposal of specific status for the western worm snake, Carphophis amoenus vermis (Kennicott). Herpetologica 24 (2): 104-112 - get paper here
  • Collins J T 1991. Viewpoint: a new taxonomic arrangement for some North American amphibians and reptiles. Herpetological Review 22 (2): 42-43 - get paper here
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2009. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 2nd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. & Collins, S.L. 2010. A pocket guide to Kansas snakes, 3rd ed. Great Plains Nature Center, Wichita, 69 pp.
  • Collins, J.T. and <br />T. W. Taggart 2002. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Fifth Edition. Center for North American Herpetology, 52 pp.
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Cope, E.D. 1893. On a collection of batrachia and reptilia from southwest Missouri. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1893: 383-385 - get paper here
  • Craven, S.R. & Knudsen, G.J. 1996. Snakes of Wisconsin. University of Wisconsin.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana. Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Kennicott 1859. Notes on coluber calligaster of Say, and a description of a new species of Serpents in the collection of the north Western University of Evanston,Ill. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 11: 98-100 - get paper here
  • Rossman, D. A. 1973. Evidence for the conspecificity of Carphophis amoenus (Say) and Carphophis vermis (Kennicott). Journal of Herpetology 7 (2): 140-141 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Tumlison, Renn. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Carphophis vermis (western wormsnake). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 464-465
  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
 
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