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Cemophora coccinea (BLUMENBACH, 1788)

IUCN Red List - Cemophora coccinea - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Colubrinae, Lampropeltini, Colubroidea, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCemophora coccinea coccinea (BLUMENBACH, 1788)
Cemophora coccinea copei JAN, 1863: 231
Cemophora coccinea lineri WILLIAMS, BROWN & WILSON, 1966 
Common NamesE: Scarlet Snake
coccinea: Florida Scarlet Snake
copei: Northern Scarlet Snake
lineri: Texas Scarlet Snake
G: Scharlachnatter 
SynonymColuber coccineus BLUMENBACH 1788: 11
Coronella coccinea — DE FILIPPI 1840: 177
Heterodon coccineus — DE FILIPPI 1840: 182
Rhinostoma coccineus — HOLBROOK 1842: 125
Simotes coccineus — DUMÉRIL, BIBRON & DUMÉRIL 1854: 637
Cemophora coccinea — JAN 1865
Coronella coccinea — JAN 1866
Cemophora coccinea — ALLEN 1932
Cemophora coccinea — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 213
Cemophora coccinea — CROTHER 2000: 57
Cemophora coccinea — CROTHER et al. 2012

Cemophora coccinea coccinea (BLUMENBACH, 1788)
Cemophora coccinea coccinea — CROTHER 2000: 57
Cemophora coccinea coccinea — CROTHER et al. 2012

Cemophora coccinea copei JAN, 1863: 231
Cemophora Copei — JAN 1865
Cemophora coccinea copei — PALMER & BRASWELL 1995
Cemophora coccinea copei — CROTHER 2000: 57
Cemophora coccinea copei — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 450
Cemophora coccinea copei — CROTHER et al. 2012
Cemophora coccinea copei — ZAPPALORTI 2012

Cemophora coccinea lineri WILLIAMS, BROWN & WILSON, 1966
Cemophora coccinea lineri — CROTHER 2000: 57
Cemophora coccinea lineri — TENNANT & BARTLETT 2000: 452
Cemophora coccinea lineri — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (S/E Texas, E Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Indiana, Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey; disjunct populations in S Texas, New Jesey, and C Missouri)

coccinea: peninsular Florida; Type locality: Florida.

copei: E Texas, Louisiana; North Carolina, Virginia

lineri: S Texas. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype, ZMG, apparently lost fide Williams and Wilson, 1967: 112. 
CommentBLUMENBACH 1786 fide DUMÉRIL et al. 1854. 
References
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Anonymous 2007. Snakes of New Jersey. New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
  • Blumenbach 1788. Neue Beobachtungen I. Beytrag zur Naturgeschichte der Schlangen. Voigt`s Mag. Neu. Phys. Naturg. 5, Pt.1, p. 11, pl.1
  • Collins, J. T. 1964. Additional records of the scarlet snake, Cemophora coccinea (Blumenbach) in Kentucky Journal of the Ohio Herpetological Society 4 (4): 106
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Dundee, H.A., & Rossman, D.A. 1989. The amphibians and reptiles of Louisiana Louisiana St. Univ. Press, Baton Rouge 300 pp.
  • Enge, Kevin M. 2009. Venomous and non-venomous snakes of Florida. Publication of the Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission. 16 pp.
  • Ernst, C.H., & Barbour, R.W. 1989. Snakes of eastern North America George Mason Univ. Press, Fairfax, VA 282 pp.
  • Filippi, F. de 1840. Catalogo Raggionato e Descrittivo ... Serpenti del Museo dell’ I. R. Universitá de Pavia. Bibliot. Ital. 99: 163-187, 306-343
  • Fowler, J. A. 1945. Notes on Cemophora coccinea (Blumenbach) in Maryland and the District of Columbia vicinity Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 58: 89-90 - get paper here
  • Holbrook, John E. 1842. North American Herpetology; or, A description of the reptiles inhabiting the United States. Vol I (2nd ed.). J. Dobson, Philadelphia, 152 pp. - get paper here
  • Irwin, Kelly J. 2004. Arkansas Snake Guide. Arkansas Game & Fish Commission, Little Rock, 50 pp.
  • Jan, G. 1863. Enumerazione sistematica degli ofidi appartenenti al gruppo Coronellidae. Arch. Zool. Anat. Fisiol. 2 (2): 213-330 [1862] - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1865. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 11. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1866. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 17. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893 Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mitchell, J.C. 1994. The reptiles of Virginia. Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries, ca. 350 pp.
  • Nickerson, Max A. 1967. The scarlet snake, Cemophora coccinea, in Missouri Herpetologica 23 (1): 74 - get paper here
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Palmer, William M. 1970. Notes on the natural history of the scarlet snake Cemophora coccinea copei Jan in North Carolina Herpetologica 26 (3): 300-302 - get paper here
  • Rossi,J.V. & Rossi, R. 2003. Snakes of thye United States and Canada. Krieger Publishing, Malabar, 576 pp.
  • Snyder, Richard C. 1945. Notes on the snakes of southeastern Alabama. Copeia 1945 (3): 173-174 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, L. 1905. A snake new to the District of Columbia. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 23: 73-78 - get paper here
  • Tennant, A. & Bartlett, R.D. 2000. Snakes of North America - Eastern and Central Regions. Gulf Publishing, Houston, TX, 588 pp.
  • Werler, John E.&; James R. Dixon 2000. Texas Snakes. University of Texas Press, 544 pages
  • Williams K L 1985. Cemophora Cope. Scarlet snake. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 374: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Williams, Kenneth L.;Brown, Bryce C.;Wilson, Larry David 1966. A new subspecies of the colubrid snake Cemophora coccinea (Blumenbach) from Southern Texas Texas Journal of Science 18: 85-88
  • Zappalorti, R.T. 2012. Into the barrens. HerpNation 2.5 (8): 26-38 - get paper here
 
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