You are here » home advanced search Cerastes cerastes

Cerastes cerastes (LINNAEUS, 1758)

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cerastes cerastes?

Add your own observation of
Cerastes cerastes »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCerastes cerastes cerastes (LINNAEUS 1758)
Cerastes cerastes hoofieni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999 
Common NamesE: Desert Horned Viper
G: Hornviper 
SynonymCerastes cerastes cerastes (LINNAEUS 1758)
Coluber Cerastes LINNAEUS 1758: 217
Cerastes cornutus FORSKAL 1775 (nom. nud.)
Coluber Cerastes — SHAW & NODDER 1792: plate 122
Gonyechis cerastes — FITZINGER in TREITSCHKE 1842
Vipera cerastes — BOETTGER 1880: 169
Cerastes cornutus BOULENGER 1896
Cerastes cerastes mutila DOMERGUE 1901
Aspis cerastes — SCHMIDT 1939
Cerastes cerastes — HAAS 1957
Cerastes cerastes karlhartli SOCHUREK 1974 (nom. nud.)
Cerastes cerastes karlhartli — SOCHUREK 1979
Cerastes cerastes mutila — SOCHUREK 1979
Cerastes cerastes cerastes — WELCH 1994: 43
Cerastes cerastes — WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes cerastes — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 367

Cerastes cerastes hoofieni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes cornutus BOULENGER 1896
Aspis cerastes — MERTENS 1944: 33 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 187
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — ARNOLD 1980: 319 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes hoofieni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999: 87 
DistributionEgypt, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Israel, Jordan, Sudan, Oman (fide Joger 1983), Western Sahara

karlhartli: Sinai peninsula, SE Egypt through Kordofan

mutila: SW Algeria, adjacent Morocco.

hoofieni: SW corner of Arabian Peninsula (endemic). Type locality: King Khalid Airbase, Saudi Arabia, (18°18'N, 42°44'E)

Type locality: “Oriente’ (Egypt?) Map legend:
Type locality - Type locality.
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: NRM (NHRM) 98. 
CommentVenomous!

Distribution: Reports from Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen may represent C. gasperetti. The two subspecies Cerastes cerastes karlhartli and C. c. mutila are not even mentioned in WERNER et al. 1999. Both are synonymized with C. cerastes by MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999. Not in Syria fide MARTENS 1997.

Cerastes cerastes hoofieni was named after Mr. Jacob Haim Hoofien (1913-1997) who studied Middle Eastern herpetology.

Morphology: both hornless and horn-bearing specimens are known in this species.

Size: maximum body size of 80 cm and an average size of 35 to 60 cm.

Subspecies: Sochurek (1974) described’ a subspecies of C. cerastes which he called ‘C. cerastes karlhartli’. However, the description was done in his privately published so-called ‘Herpetologische Blätter’, which according to art. 8.1 of the International Code of zoological Nomenclature (ICZN 1999) does not constitute a publication and therefore the description is not valid. THe name Cerastes cornuts was first used by Forskål 1775 but formally described only by Boulenger 1896 (WAGNER & WILMS 2010).  
References
  • Al-Quran, S. 2009. The Herpetofauna of the Southern Jordan. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 6 (4): 385-391
  • Arnold E N 1980. The scientific results of the Oman flora and fauna survey 1977 (Dhofar). The reptiles and amphibians of Dhofar, southern Arabia. JOURNAL OF OMAN STUDIES SPECIAL REPORT (No. 2) 1980: 273-332
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Boettger, O. [as O. Böttger] 1880. Die Reptilien und Amphibien von Syrien, Palaestina und Cypern. Ber. Senckenb. Naturforsch. Ges., Frankfurt/M., 1879-1880: 132-219 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1891. Catalogue of the reptiles and batrachians of Barbary (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia), based chiefly upon the notes and collections made in 1880-1884 by M. Fernand Lataste. Tr. Zool. Soc. 13: 93-164
  • Brandstätter, F. 2002. Schlangen in der Bibel. Beiträge zur Literatur und Geschichte der Herpetologie und Terrarienkunde 2: 29-34
  • Corkill, N. L. and Cochrane, J. A. 1966. The snakes of the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 62 (3): 475-506 (1965)
  • Dobiey, M. & Vogel, G. 2007. Venomous Snakes of Africa/Giftschlangen Afrikas. Terralog 15, Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt am Main, 150 pp.
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Geniez, P.; Mateo, J.A.; Geniez, M. & Pether, J. 2004. The amphibians and reptiles of the Western Sahara (former Spanish Sahara) and adjacent regions. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 228 pp. [reviewed in Reptilia GB 44: 81]
  • Haas, Georg 1957. Some amphibians and reptiles from Arabia. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. 29 (3): 47-86 - get paper here
  • Herrmann,H. W.; Joger,U.; Lenk,P. & Wink,M. 1999. Morphological and molecular phylogenies of viperines: conflicting evidence?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 21-30 - get paper here
  • Ibrahim, Adel A. 2013. The Herpetology of the Suez Canal Zone, Egypt. Vertebrate Zoology 63 (1): 87–110 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1983. Book Review: Harding & Welch, Venomous snakes of the world, Pergamon Press, 1980. Salamandra 19 (1/2): 99-102
  • Joger,U. & Courage,K. 1999. Are palearctic ‘rattlesnakes’ (Echis and Cerastes) monophyletic?. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 65-81
  • Johann, H. 1981. Herpetologische Eindrücke auf einer Reise durch die Sahara. Herpetofauna 3 (13): 17-21 - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. & Prokoph, W. 2005. Haltung und Nachzucht der Ägyptischen Wüstenotter Cerastes cerastes cerastes (LINNAEUS 1758). Elaphe 13 (4): 25-30
  • Leviton,A.E. & Anderson,S.C. 1967. Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collction of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Daby by John Gasperetti. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 39: 157-192 - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp.
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • Martens, Harald 1997. A review of "Zoogeography of amphibians and reptiles of Syria, with additional new records" (Herpetozoa 9(1/2), 1996) Herpetozoa 10 (3/4): 99-106 - get paper here
  • Mattison, Chris 2007. Enzyklopädie der Schlangen. BLV-Verlag, 272 pp.
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, Robert 1944. Einige Beobachtungen über die Hornviper (Aspis cerastes). Wochenschrift (Blätter) für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde 1944 (2): 33-35
  • Monzel, Markus M 2012. Gifte, Gifttiere, Menschen – eine Geschichte voller (Miss)Verständnisse Draco 13 (51): 4-25 - get paper here
  • Padial, J. M. 2006. COMMENTED DISTRIBUTIONAL LIST OF THE REPTILES OF MAURITANIA (WEST AFRICA). Graellsia, 62(2): 159-178
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • Schleich,H.H., Kästle,W., Kabisch, K. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of North Africa. Koeltz, Koenigstein, 627 pp.
  • Schlüter, U. 2002. Die Hornvipern (Cerastes) Nordafrikas. Draco 3 (10): 74-78 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, K. P. & Marx, H. 1956. The herpetology of Sinai. Fieldiana 39 (4): 21-40 - get paper here
  • Schmidt,K.P. 1939. Reptiles and amphibians from Southwestern Asia. Publ. Field Mus. nat. Hist., zool. Ser., 24: 49-92 - get paper here
  • Schmidtler, J.F. 2013. Wiederentdeckung herpetologischer Beiträge von L. FiTZingER mit Beschreibungen neuer Taxa in F. Treitschkes (1842/1843) populärer Naturgeschichte “naturhistorischer Bildersaal des Thierreiches”<br />(Amphibia, Reptilia). HERPETOZOA 26 (1/2): 15 - 26
  • Schnurrenberger, H. 1959. Observations on Behavior in Two Libyan Species of Viperine Snakes. Herpetologica 15 (2): 70-72 - get paper here
  • Schnurrenberger, Hans 1963. Fishes, amphibians, and reptiles of two Libyan oases. Herpetologica 18 (4): 270-273 - get paper here
  • Shaw,G. & Nodder,F.P. 1793. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. IV. London, Nodder & Co., plates 111-146, 158 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between August 1, 1792, and July 1, 1793] - get paper here
  • Sochurek,E. 1979. Die Schlangen Nordafrikas. Mitt. Zool. Ges. Braunau 3 (8/9): 219-226
  • Sochurek,E. 1986. Die vier Formen der Wüstenottern. Elaphe 8 (1): 4-5, 20, 4
  • Trape, J.-F. & Mane, Y. 2006. Guide des serpents d’Afrique occidentale. Savane et désert. [Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger]. IRD Editions, Paris, 226 pp.
  • Treitschke, R. (Hrsg.) 1839. Naturhistorischer Bildersaal des Thierreiches. nach William Jardine bearbeitet, nebst einem Vorworte von Karl Vogel; 4 Bände. Pesth & Leipzig (C. A. Hartleben), [1839, 1841, 1842, 1843 for the 4 volumes]
  • Trutnau, L. 1981. Beobachtungen an der Hornviper Cerastes cerastes (L. 1758). Herpetofauna 3 (13): 11-16 - get paper here
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wagner, P. 2008. The good, the bad, and the ugly. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 85-88 - get paper here
  • Wagner, Philipp & Thomas M. Wilms 2010. A crowned devil: new species of Cerastes Laurenti, 1768 (Ophidia, Viperidae) from Tunisia, with two nomenclatural comments. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 297–306 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y.L., Le Verdier, A., Rosenman, D. & Sivan, N. 1991. Systematics and zoogeography of Cerastes (Ophidia: Viperidae) in the Levant: I. Distinguishing Arabian from African Cerastes cerastes. The Snake 23:90-100
  • Werner, Y.L., N. Sivan, V. Kushnir & U. Motro. 1999. A statistical approach to variation in Cerastes (Ophidia: Viperidae) with the description of two endemic subspecies, In U. Joger. (ed.): Phylogeny and Systematics of the Viperidae. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 83-97
  • Werner, Yehudah L.;Sivan, Naomi 1992. Systematics and zoogeography of Cerastes (Ophidia: Voperidae) in the Levant: 2. Taxonomy, ecology, and zoogeography The Snake 24: 34-49
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator