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Cerastes gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967

IUCN Red List - Cerastes gasperettii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
SubspeciesCerastes gasperettii mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967 
Common Names 
SynonymCerastes cerastes gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 183
Cerastes cornutus ANDERSON 1896
Aspis cerastes — SCHMIDT 1939
Cerastes cerastes — HAAS 1957
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — GASPERETTI 1988: 335
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — WELCH 1994: 43
Cerastes gasperettii — WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperettii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 369
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — HENKEL 2003
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — SINDACO et al. 2014
Cerastes gasperettii — WALLACH et al. 2014: 153
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — HABEEB & RASTEGAR -POUYANI 2016
Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii — RHADI et al. 2017
Cerastes gasperettii — BAR et al. 2021

Cerastes gasperettii mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Vipera cerastes — STRAUCH 1869
Cerastes cornutus — ANDERSON 1896: 71 (part.)
Aspis cerastes — MERTENS 1944: 33 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes — HAAS 1951: 92 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes cerastes — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — GASPERETTI 1988 (part.)
Cerastes gasperettii — WERNER 1988
Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni — KUCHARZEWSKI 2011 
DistributionUnited Arab Emirates, Yemen, Oman, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar,
SW Iran?

mendelssohni: sand areas within the Arava Valley of Israel and Jordan (within the Great Rift Valley, between Sedom in the north and Elat in the south). Type locality: En Yahav, Arava Valley,Israel

gasperettii: Iran, UAE etc.; Type locality: Beda Azan, Abu dhabi (U.A.E.).  
TypesHolotype: CAS 97826
Holotype: HUJ R 8672, male, V1.1976, Esther Moskowitch (Don.). [mendelssohni] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Ventrals, male 151-162, female 153-172; nasal shield large,
separated from rostral and first supralabial by one row of scales; an enlarged
supranasal, bordered anteriorly by an enlarged scale; without a cluster of
enlarged scales on the mid-occipital region. (Leviton & Anderson 1967) 

Subspecies: Has been considered as subspecies of C. cerastes by Leviton et al.

Distribution: Has been erroneously reported from Lebanon (Joger 1983). Not in Iraq fide Habeeb & Rastegar-Pouyani 2016. See map in Burriel-Carranza et al. 2019 for map in UAE. For a map see Sindaco et al. 2013 and Bar et al. 2021. In Qatar fide Wikipedia.

Morphology: both hornless and horn-bearing specimens are known in this species. However, the subspecies mendelssohni is hornless.

Phylogenetics: Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences suggest different relationships between Cerastes gasperettii and C. vipera (Mochales-Riaño et al. 2023). 
EtymologyNamed after John Gasperetti (1920-2001), American engineer and surveyor of various companies and governments in the Middle East and Field Associate of the Department of Herpetology of the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. Amr 2011 cites Alan Leviton for many more details about Gasperetti’s life. 
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