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Cerastes gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON, 1967

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Higher TaxaViperidae, Viperinae, Serpentes (snakes) 
SubspeciesCerastes gasperettii mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperettii gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967 
Common Names 
SynonymCerastes cerastes gasperettii LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967: 183
Cerastes cornutus ANDERSON 1896
Aspis cerastes — SCHMIDT 1939
Cerastes cerastes — HAAS 1957
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — HARDING & WELCH 1980
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — WELCH 1994: 43
Cerastes gasperettii — WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperettii — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 369
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — VAN DER KOOIJ 2001
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — HENKEL 2003

Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Vipera cerastes — STRAUCH 1869
Cerastes cornutus — ANDERSON 1896: 71 (part.)
Aspis cerastes — MERTENS 1944: 33 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes — HAAS 1951: 92 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes cerastes — LEVITON & ANDERSON 1967 (part.)
Cerastes cerastes gasperettii — GASPERETTI 1988 (part.)
Cerastes gasperettii — WERNER 1988
Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni WERNER & SIVAN in WERNER et al. 1999
Cerastes gasperetti mendelssohni — KUCHARZEWSKI 2011 
DistributionUnited Arab Emirates, Yemen, Oman, Israel, Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia,
SW Iran?

mendelssohni: sand areas within the Arava Valley of Israel and Jordan (within the Great Rift Valley, between Sedom in the north and Elat in the south). Type locality: En Yahav, Arava Valley,Israel

gasperettii: Iran, UAE etc.; Type locality: Beda Azan, Abu dhabi (U.A.E.). Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: CAS 97826 
CommentVenomous! Has been considered as subspecies of C. cerastes by Leviton et al. Has been erroneously reported from Lebanon (Joger 1983).

Morphology: both hornless and horn-bearing specimens are known in this species. However, the subspecies mendelssohni is hornless. 
EtymologyEtymology: named after John Gasperetti (1920-2001), engineer and surveyor of various companies and governments in the Middle East and Field Associate of the Department of Herpetology of the California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco. 
References
  • Anderson, John 1896. A Contribution to the Herpetology of Arabia, with a preliminary list of the reptiles and batrachians of Egypt. London, R. H. Porter, 124 pp.
  • Bar, Aviad and Guy Haimovitch 2012. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Israel. Pazbar LTD, 246 pp. - get paper here
  • Disi, A.M.; Modry, D.; Necas, P. & Rifai, L. 2001. Amphibians and reptiles of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 408 pp.
  • Egan, D. 2007. Snakes of Arabia. Motivate Publishing, Dubai, 208 pp.
  • Gasperetti,J. 1988. Snakes of Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 9: 169-450
  • Haas, Georg 1951. On the present state of our knowledge of the herpetofauna of Palestine. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel 1: 67-95
  • Henkel, F.-W. 2003. Herpetological expedition through Oman. Reptilia (GB) (27): 50-55 - get paper here
  • Joger U 1983. Book Review: Harding & Welch, Venomous snakes of the world, Pergamon Press, 1980. Salamandra 19 (1/2): 99-102
  • Jongbloed, M. 2000. Field Guide to the reptiles and amphibians of the UAE - Wild about reptiles. Barkers Trident Communications, 116 pp.
  • KUCHARZEWSKI, C 2011. OLD WORLD VIPERS. A natural history of the Azemiopinae and Viperinae von Tony PHELPS – Anmerkungen, Ergänzungen, Korrekturen. Sauria 33 (3): 19-42
  • Leviton,A.E. & Anderson,S.C. 1967. Survey of the reptiles of the Sheikdom of Abu Dhabi, Arabian Peninsula. Part II. Systematic account of the collction of reptiles made in the Sheikdom of Abu Daby by John Gasperetti. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 39: 157-192 - get paper here
  • Leviton,A.E.; Anderson,S.C.; Adler, K.; Minton,S.A. 1992. Handbook to Middle East Amphibians and Reptiles. SSAR, Oxford, Ohio (Contr. to Herpetol. No. 8), 1-252
  • Mallow, D. Ludwig, D. & Nilson, G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Krieger, Malabar, Florida, 410 pp. [review in HR 35: 200, Reptilia 35: 74]
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Mertens, Robert 1944. Einige Beobachtungen über die Hornviper (Aspis cerastes). Wochenschrift (Blätter) für Aquarien- und Terrarienkunde 1944 (2): 33-35
  • Phelps, T. 2010. Old World Vipers. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 558 pp. [critical review in Sauria 33 (3): 19 and HR 43: 503]
  • RASTEGAR-POUYANI, NASRULLAH; HAJI GHOLI KAMI, MEHDI RAJABZADEH, SOHEILA SHAFIEI AND STEVEN CLEMENT A 2008. Annotated Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Iran. Iranian Journal of Animal Biosystematics4 (1): 7-30
  • Schmidt, D. & Kunz, K. 2005. Ernährung von Schlangen. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 159 pp. - get paper here
  • Sivan, Naomi 1995. Two snake species added to the herpetofaunal list of Israel Hardun 1995 (6): 13-23;82-81
  • Strauch, A. 1869. Synopsis der Viperiden nebst Bemerkungen über die geographische Verbreitung dieser Giftschlangen-Familie. Mem. Acad. imp. Sci. St. Petersbourg (7) 14 (6): 1-144 - get paper here
  • Stümpel, Nikolaus; Ulrich Joger 2009. Recent advances in phylogeny and taxonomy of Near and Middle Eastern Vipers – an update. ZooKeys 31: 179-191 - get paper here
  • van der Kooij, Jeroen 2001. The herpetofauna of the Sultanate of Oman: Part 4: The terrestrial snakes. Podarcis 2 (2): 54-64
  • Venchi, Alberto and Roberto Sindaco 2006. Annotated checklist of the reptiles of the Mediterranean countries, with keys to species identification. Part 2 -Snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes). Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale "G. Doria", Genova, XCVIII: 259-364
  • Wagner, Philipp & Thomas M. Wilms 2010. A crowned devil: new species of Cerastes Laurenti, 1768 (Ophidia, Viperidae) from Tunisia, with two nomenclatural comments. Bonn Zool. Bull. 57 (2): 297–306 - get paper here
  • Werner, Y.L., N. Sivan, V. Kushnir & U. Motro. 1999. A statistical approach to variation in Cerastes (Ophidia: Viperidae) with the description of two endemic subspecies, In U. Joger. (ed.): Phylogeny and Systematics of the Viperidae. Kaupia (Darmstadt) (8): 83-97
  • Werner,Y.L. 1988. Herpetofaunal survey of Israel (1950-1985), with comments on Sinai and Jordan and on zoogeographical heterogeneity. in: Yom-Tov,Y. & Tchernov, E. (eds.) The zoogeography of Israel, Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Dordrecht (Netherlands); ISBN 90-6193-650-0
 
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