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Cercosaura hypnoides DOAN & LAMAR, 2012

IUCN Red List - Cercosaura hypnoides - Data Deficient, DD

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Higher TaxaGymnophthalmidae (Cercosaurinae), Sauria, Gymnophthalmoidea, Squamata (lizards) 
Common Names 
SynonymCercosaura hypnoides DOAN & LAMAR 2012 
DistributionColombia (Meta), elevation 1640 m

Type locality: Vereda de Portachuelo, in the vicinity of Manzanares, Municipality of Acacías, Department of Meta, Colombia; 4.1°N, 73.8°W; 1640 m.  
TypesHolotype: UTA R-60249 (Figs. 1, 2), an adult male, (Fig. 4); collected on 17 August 1979 by William W. Lamar and Eduardo Thierry. 
CommentCercosaura hypnoides differs from all other species of Cercosaura by possessing three supraoculars, a single palpebral scale, five supralabials and infralabials, hexagonal, keeled dorsal scales arranged in transverse and oblique rows, small lateral scales, six longitudinal rows of ventrals, 8–12 femoral pores per hindlimb, 18–22 subdigital lamellae on the fourth toe, overlapping limbs when adpressed against the body, and the pattern of two dorsolateral and two lateral stripes throughout the head, body, and tail.

Abundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is taken from the New Latin adjective hypnum, in turn derived from Greek hupnon (a type of lichen, + -oid) meaning “of the moss in reference to the luxuriant moss growth that characterized the lizard’s habitat and egg deposition sites. 
  • DOAN, TIFFANY M. & WILLIAM W. LAMAR 2012. A new montane species of Cercosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from Colombia, with notes on the distribution of the genus. Zootaxa 3565: 44–54 - get paper here
  • Echevarría LY, Barboza AC, Venegas PJ. 2015. A new species of montane gymnophthalmid lizard, genus Cercosaura (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae), from the Amazon slope of northern Peru. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 9(1): 34–44 (e109) - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
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