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Chalcides ocellatus (FORSKAL, 1775)

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesChalcides ocellatus ocellatus (FORSKAL 1775)
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu (GMELIN 1789)
Chalcides ocellatus linosae BOULENGER 1920
Chalcides ocellatus sacchii LANZA 1954
Chalcides ocellatus subtypicus WERNER 1931
Chalcides ocellatus zavattarii LANZA 1954 
Common NamesE: Ocellated (Bronze) Skink
G: (Gefleckter) Walzenskink 
SynonymLacerta ocellata FORSKAL 1775: 13
Lacerta lateralis THUNBERG 1787 (fide LÖNNBERG 1896: 36)
Lacerta lateralis — LACÉPÈDE 1788: 104
Stincus ocellatus — MEYER 1795: 30
Stincus ocellatus — OLIVIER 1801: plate 16
Gongylus ocellatus — WAGLER 1830
Gongylus ocellatus — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 616
Gongylus ocellatus — GRAVENHORST 1851: 344
Seps ocellatus — GÜNTHER 1871
Seps (Gongylus) ocellatus — BOETTGER 1880
Seps ocellatus — BOETTGER 1885
Chalcides ocellatus — BOULENGER 1887: 400
? Chalcides ocellatus — BOULENGER 1887: 408
Chalcides ocellatus — SCORTECCI 1931: 12
Chalcides ocellatus ocellatus — SMITH 1935: 349
Chalcides ocellatus tassiliensis [ANGEL 1936]
Chalcides ocellatus sacchii LANZA 1954
Chalcides ocellatus sacchii — LANZA 1988
Chalcides ocellatus — ENGELMANN et al 1993
Chalcides ocellatus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 334
Chalcides ocellatus — LARGEN & SPAWLS 2010: 371

Chalcides ocellatus linosae BOULENGER 1920
Chalcides ocellatus var. linosae BOULENGER 1920:82
Chalcides ocellatus linosanus MERTENS 1921: 118
Chalcides ocellatus linosae — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 337

Chalcides ocellatus sacchii LANZA 1954: 162

Chalcides ocellatus subtypicus WERNER 1931
Chalcides ocellatus subtypicus — HEDIGER 1935
Chalcides ocellatus forme subtypicus — BONS 1959
Chalcides ocellatus suhtypicus [sic] — TIEDEMANN 1994: 21
Chalcides ocellatus subtypicus — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 337

Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu (GMELIN 1789)
(Lacerta) tiligugu GMELIN in LINNAEUS 1789
Chalcides ocellatus var. tiligugu — BOULENGER 1890
Chalcides ocellatus var. tiligugu — ANDERSON 1896: 49
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu — LOVERIDGE 1936: 73
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu — MUTZ et al. 1999
Chalcides ocellatus tiligugu — WIRTH 2010

Chalcides ocellatus zavattarii LANZA 1954: 166
Chalcides ocellatus zavattarii — SCHLEICH, KÄSTLE & KABISCH 1996: 337 
DistributionItaly (Sardinia, Sicily, Lampedusa island), Malta, Greece (Crete, Karpathos, Rhodos, Kythnos, Kasos), Cyprus, Turkey (Anatolia).

Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, S Turkmenistan, Arabia, Iraq, Oman,
Morocco, Mauritania, Western Sahara, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Niger, Israel, Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Chad, Yemen, United Arab Emirates (UAE), Iran, Saudi Arabia

W Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka

linosae: Linosa Island; Type locality: Insel Linosa, zwischen Sizilien und Tunesien; K. ESCHERICH l. d. 1893. Holotype: SMF 15926 (= Kat. BOETTGER 6400 o = Kat. MERTENS 6400, 2a).

sacchii: Somalia.

subtypicus: NE Morocco, NW Algeria; Type locality: between Debdan and Taourirt, Morocco; Syntypes: NMW

tiligugu: Sicily, Sardinia (RIMPP 1979), Malta (BRUEKERS 2002), NE Maghreb, NE Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia

zavattarii: Lampedusa Island, Isolotto dei Conigli (Pelagian Islands).

Type locality: Egypt  
Reproductionovoviviparous 
TypesType: unlocated (ŠMÍD et al. 2014 Zootaxa 3855 (1): 43)
Syntypes: NMW 13466, MCZ R-31453 [subtypicus]
Holotype: MSNG [sacchii]
Holotype: MZUF [zavattarii] 
Diagnosis 
CommentMax. SVL 149 mm.

Subspecies: C.o. zavattarii is probably a hybrid between C. o. ocellatus and C. o. tiligugu (LANZA 1993). C. o. linosae and zavattarii are of doubtful validity (SINDACO & JEREMCENKO 2008).

Distribution: See map in SMID et al. 2014 for distribution in Iran. Not in East Africa (S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). 
EtymologyFrom lat. ocellus = diminuitive of oculus: eye; with ocellated scales. 
References
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