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Chalcides simonyi (STEINDACHNER, 1891)

IUCN Red List - Chalcides simonyi - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesFuerteventura skink 
SynonymChalcides simonyi STEINDACHNER 1891: 299
Chalcides simonyi — STEINDACHNER 1892
Chalcides simonyi — BROWN & PESTANO 1998
Chalcides simonyi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Chalcides simonyi — BÖHME 2010 
DistributionSpain (Fuerteventura and Lanzarote)  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesSyntypes: ZFMK 53098–100, further syntypes in NMW [simonyi] 
Diagnosis 
CommentSynonymy: Chalcides simonyi was originally classified as Ch. polylepis occidentalis (LANZA 1957) or considered as a synonym of Ch. viridanus (e.g. BOULENGER 1892) but is now considered as a valid species by several authors (BROWN & PERSTANO 1998, BÖHME 2010) based on molecular data (e.g. CARRANZA et al. 2008).

Subspecies: Chalcides viridanus coeruleopunctatus SALVADOR 1975 has been elevated to full species status. 
Etymology 
References
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2010. A list of the herpetological type specimens in the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Bonn zoological Bulletin 59: 79-108 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. On newly-discoverded East African chameleons, with remarks on some other reptiles described by Dr. Steindachner. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 72. - get paper here
  • BROWN, R.P. and J. PESTANO 1998. Phylogeography of skinks (Chalcides) in the Canary Islands inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Ecology 7: 1183-1191 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E.N. Arnold, Ph. Geniez, J. Roca and J.A. Mateo 2008. Radiation, multiple dispersal and parallelism in the skinks, Chalcides and Sphenops (Squamata: Scincidae), with comments on Scincus and Scincopus and the age of the Sahara Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (3): 1071-1094 - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Steindachner,F. 1891. Ueber die Reptilien und Batrachier der westlichen und oestlichen Gruppe der Kanarischen Inseln. Ann. K.K. Hofmuseums Wien 6: 287-306 - get paper here
 
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