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Chalcides simonyi STEINDACHNER, 1891

IUCN Red List - Chalcides simonyi - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Scincinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards)
Common NamesE: Fuerteventura skink, East Canary Skink 
SynonymChalcides simonyi STEINDACHNER 1891: 299
Chalcides simonyi — STEINDACHNER 1892
Chalcides simonyi — BROWN & PESTANO 1998
Chalcides simonyi — SINDACO & JEREMČENKO 2008
Chalcides simonyi — BÖHME 2010
Chalcides simonyi — SPEYBROECK et al. 2020 
DistributionSpain (Fuerteventura and Lanzarote)

Type locality: Fuerteventura  
TypesSyntypes: ZFMK 49116, 49117 (erroneously given as ZFMK 53098–100 in 2010 type catalog), NMW 10510: 1-2, formerly NMW 10.598.3 und 10.606.2 (and many additional specimens fide Gemel et al. 2019). 
CommentSynonymy: Chalcides simonyi was originally classified as Ch. polylepis occidentalis (LANZA 1957) or considered as a synonym of Ch. viridanus (e.g. BOULENGER 1892) but is now considered as a valid species by several authors (BROWN & PERSTANO 1998, BÖHME 2010) based on molecular data (e.g. CARRANZA et al. 2008).

Subspecies: Chalcides viridanus coeruleopunctatus SALVADOR 1975 has been elevated to full species status. 
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2010. A list of the herpetological type specimens in the Zoologisches Forschungsmuseum Alexander Koenig, Bonn. Bonn zoological Bulletin 59: 79-108 - get paper here
  • Böhme, Wolfgang 2014. Herpetology in Bonn. Mertensiella 21. vi + 256 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1892. On newly-discoverded East African chameleons, with remarks on some other reptiles described by Dr. Steindachner. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 9: 72. - get paper here
  • BROWN, R.P. and J. PESTANO 1998. Phylogeography of skinks (Chalcides) in the Canary Islands inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Ecology 7: 1183-1191 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S.; E.N. Arnold, Ph. Geniez, J. Roca and J.A. Mateo 2008. Radiation, multiple dispersal and parallelism in the skinks, Chalcides and Sphenops (Squamata: Scincidae), with comments on Scincus and Scincopus and the age of the Sahara Desert. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 46 (3): 1071-1094 - get paper here
  • Gemel, R.; G. Gassner & S. Schweiger 2019. Katalog der Typen der Herpetologischen Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums Wien – 2018. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, B 121: 33–248
  • Sindaco, R. & Jeremcenko, V.K. 2008. The reptiles of the Western Palearctic. Edizioni Belvedere, Latina (Italy), 579 pp. - get paper here
  • Speybroeck, Jeroen; Wouter Beukema, Christophe Dufresnes, Uwe Fritz, Daniel Jablonski, Petros Lymberakis, Iñigo Martínez-Solano, Edoardo Razzetti, Melita Vamberger, Miguel Vences, Judit Vörös0, Pierre-André Crochet 2020. Species list of the European herpetofauna – 2020 update by the Taxonomic Committee of the Societas Europaea Herpetologica.. Amphibia-Reptilia 41: 139-189 - get paper here
  • Steindachner, F. 1891. Ueber die Reptilien und Batrachier der westlichen und oestlichen Gruppe der Kanarischen Inseln. Ann. K.K. Hofmuseums Wien 6: 287-306 - get paper here
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