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Chamaeleo anchietae BOCAGE, 1872

IUCN Red List - Chamaeleo anchietae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesDouble-scaled Chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleo anchietae BOCAGE 1872
Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) anchietae — NECAS 1999: 279
Chamaeleo anchietae — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Chamaeleo anchietae — TILBURY 2010: 447
Chamaeleon anchietae — WERNER 1911: 16
Chamaeleo (Apola) vinckei LAURENT 1950: 349 (fide LOVERIDGE 1957: 198).
Chamaeleo anchietae anchietae — LAURENT 1952: 19.
Chamaeleo anchietae mertensi LAURENT 1952: 18 (fide HILLENIUS 1959: 51)
Chamaeleo anchietae marunguensis LAURENT 1952: 19 (fide HILLENIUS 1959)
Chamaeleo anchietae vinckei — LAURENT 1952: 19
Chamaeleo senegalensis anchietae — LOVERIDGE 1957: 198
Chamaeleo anchietae — MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae anchietae — MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae marunguensis — MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae mertensi — MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae vinckei — MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae — SPAWLS et al. 2018: 258 
DistributionAngola (Huila, Mossamedes),
S Democratic Republic of the Congo (= Zaire: Marungu Plateau, Kivu, Katanga)

Type locality: Huila, Mossamedes, Angola

marunguensis: Zaire; Type locality: Kipiri (2000 m elevation), Plateau des Marungu, Terr. de Baudouinville, W. of Lake Tanganyika, Zaire

mertensi: Zaire; Type locality: Muneshele (1400 m elevation), Terr. de Fizi, Kivu, Zaire.

vinckei: Zaire; Terra typica: Station d'etude des Kundelungu (1750 m elevation), Katanga, Zaire. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesSyntypes: MBL (5 specimens); lost by fire (fide SALDANHA 1978).
Holotype: MRAC 26.273 [marunguensis]
Holotype: MRAC 26.270 [mertensi]
Holotype: MRAC 26.261 [vinckei] 
CommentSynonymy: LOVERIDGE 1957 and HILLENIUS 1959 synonymized all subspecies with C. anchietae, a position that was followed by KLAVER & BÖHME 1997. 
EtymologyNamed after José de Anchieta (9 Oct 1832 -14 Sep 1897), Portugese explorer of Africa. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bocage, J. V. B. 1872. Diagnoses de quelques espéces nouvelles de Reptiles d'Afrique occidentale. Jorn. Sci. Lisbon 4: 72-82.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • de Witte, G. F. 1953. Reptiles. Exploration du Parc National de l'Upemba. Mission G. F. de Witte en collaboration avec W. Adam, A. Janssens, L. Van Meel et R. Verheyen (1946–1949). Institut des Parcs Nationaux du Congo Belge. Brussels, vol. 6, 322 pp. - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Hillenius, D. 1959. The differentiation within the genus Chamaeleo LAURENTI 1768. Beaufortia, Amsterdam, 8: 1-92.
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Reptiles et Batraciens nouveaux du massif du Mont Kabobo et du plateau des Marungu. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 46: 18-34.
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Batraciens et Reptiles récemment acquis par le Musée du Congo Belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 44: 198-203.
  • Laurent,R.F. 1950. Reptiles nouveaux des Kundelungu. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. (Bruxelles) 43 (4): 349-352
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. Check list of the reptiles and amphibians of east Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 117 (2): 153-362 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1966. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich 83: 1-37
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • SALDANHA, L. 1978. Museu Bocage. Copeia 1978 (4): 739-740 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Spawls, Steve; Kim Howell, Harald Hinkel, Michele Menegon 2018. Field Guide to East African Reptiles. Bloomsbury, 624 pp. - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
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