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Chamaeleo anchietae BOCAGE, 1872

IUCN Red List - Chamaeleo anchietae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesDouble-scaled Chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleo anchietae BOCAGE 1872
Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) anchietae — NECAS 1999: 279
Chamaeleo anchietae — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Chamaeleo anchietae — TILBURY 2010: 447
Chamaeleon anchietae - WERNER 1911: 16
Chamaeleo (Apola) vinckei LAURENT 1950: 349 (fide LOVERIDGE 1957: 198).
Chamaeleo anchietae anchietae - LAURENT 1952: 19.
Chamaeleo anchietae mertensi LAURENT 1952: 18 (fide HILLENIUS 1959: 51)
Chamaeleo anchietae marunguensis LAURENT 1952: 19 (fide HILLENIUS 1959)
Chamaeleo anchietae vinckei - LAURENT 1952: 19
Chamaeleo senegalensis anchietae - LOVERIDGE 1957: 198
Chamaeleo anchietae - MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae anchietae - MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae marunguensis - MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae mertensi - MERTENS 1966: 7
Chamaeleo anchietae vinckei - MERTENS 1966: 7 
DistributionAngola (Huila, Mossamedes),
S Democratic Republic of the Congo (= Zaire: Marungu Plateau, Kivu, Katanga)

Type locality: Huila, Mossamedes, Angola

marunguensis: Zaire; Type locality: Kipiri (2000 m elevation), Plateau des Marungu, Terr. de Baudouinville, W. of Lake Tanganyika, Zaire

mertensi: Zaire; Type locality: Muneshele (1400 m elevation), Terr. de Fizi, Kivu, Zaire.

vinckei: Zaire; Terra typica: Station d'etude des Kundelungu (1750 m elevation), Katanga, Zaire. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproduction 
TypesSyntypes: MBL (5 specimens); lost by fire (fide SALDANHA 1978).
Holotype: MRAC 26.273 [marunguensis]
Holotype: MRAC 26.270 [mertensi]
Holotype: MRAC 26.261 [vinckei] 
CommentSynonymy: LOVERIDGE 1957 and HILLENIUS 1959 synonymized all subspecies with C. anchietae, a position that was followed by KLAVER & BÖHME 1997. 
EtymologyNamed after José de Anchieta (9 Oct 1832 -14 Sep 1897), Portugese explorer of Africa. 
References
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA
  • Bocage, J. V. B. 1872. Diagnoses de quelques espéces nouvelles de Reptiles d'Afrique occidentale. Jorn. Sci. Lisbon 4: 72-82.
  • Broadley, Donald G. and F. P. D. Cotterill. 2004. The reptiles of southeast Katanga, an overlooked 'hot spot'. [Congo]. African Journal of Herpetology 53 (1): 35-61. - get paper here
  • Glaw, F. 2015. Taxonomic checklist of chameleons (Squamata: Chamaeleonidae). Vertebrate Zoology 65 (2): 167–246 - get paper here
  • Hillenius, D. 1959. The differentiation within the genus Chamaeleo LAURENTI 1768. Beaufortia, Amsterdam, 8: 1-92.
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Batraciens et Reptiles récemment acquis par le Musée du Congo Belge. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 44: 198-203.
  • Laurent, R. F. 1952. Reptiles et Batraciens nouveaux du massif du Mont Kabobo et du plateau des Marungu. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. 46: 18-34.
  • Laurent,R.F. 1950. Reptiles nouveaux des Kundelungu. Rev. Zool. Bot. Afr. (Bruxelles) 43 (4): 349-352
  • Loveridge,A. 1957. Check list of the reptiles and amphibians of east Africa (Uganda, Kenya, Tanganyika, Zanzibar). Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 117 (2): 153-362 - get paper here
  • Mertens, Robert 1966. Liste der rezenten Amphibien und Reptilien: Chamaeleonidae. Das Tierreich 83: 1-37
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • SALDANHA, L. 1978. Museu Bocage. Copeia 1978 (4): 739-740 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
 
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