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Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI, 1768

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesIndian chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768: 46
Chamaeleo zebra BORY DE ST. VINCENT 1823
Chamaeleo coromandelicus FITZINGER 1843
Chamaeleo vulgaris var. marmoratus GRAY 1865
Chamaeleo zeylonicus - JERDON 1853 (n. emend. pro Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768)
Chamaeleo ceylonicus - STOLICZKA 1872 (n. emend. pro Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768)
Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) zeylanicus — NECAS 1999: 113
Chamaeleo zeylanicus — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Chamaeleo zeylanicus — TILBURY 2010: 539 
DistributionSri Lanka, India (Gujarat, Southern plains of the Ganges), Pakistan

Type locality: Ceylon (= Sri Lanka), restricted by Mertens 1969. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: not located; based on Seba (1734) I; plate 82, fig. 3. 
Comment 
References
  • Barry, A.T. 1936. The Common Chamaeleon (Chamaeleon zeylanicus) in Gujarat. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 38: 201-202
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray,J. E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 465-479. - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, D. M. S. S., M. A. J. S. Nawaratne & A. A. T. Amarasinghe 2009. A review of the distribution and conservation status of Chamaeleo zeylanicus Laurenti, 1768 (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae) from north-western Sri Lanka. Taprobanica 1 (2): 115-122 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Macey, J. Robert; Jennifer V. Kuehl, Allan Larson, Michael D. Robinson, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Natalia B 2008. Socotra Island the forgotten fragment of Gondwana: Unmasking chameleon lizard history with complete mitochondrial genomic data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 1015-1018 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Parshad, B. 1913. Extension of range of the Chameleon. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 370 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Seba,A. 1734. Locupletissimi Rerum naturalium Thesauri accurata Descriptio, et Iconibus artificiosissimus Expressio, per universam Physices Historiam. Opus, cui in hoc Rerum Genere, nullum par exstitit. Vol. 1. Janssonio-Waesbergios, Amsterdam. 178 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Ziesmann, S.; Klaas, P.& Janzen, P. 2007. Von Skinken und anderen Echsen [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 18-23 - get paper here
 
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