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Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI, 1768

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Higher TaxaChamaeleonidae, Sauria (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesIndian chameleon 
SynonymChamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768: 46
Chamaeleo zebra BORY DE ST. VINCENT 1823
Chamaeleo coromandelicus FITZINGER 1843
Chamaeleo vulgaris var. marmoratus GRAY 1865
Chamaeleo zeylonicus - JERDON 1853 (n. emend. pro Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768)
Chamaeleo ceylonicus - STOLICZKA 1872 (n. emend. pro Chamaeleo zeylanicus LAURENTI 1768)
Chamaeleo (Chamaeleo) zeylanicus — NECAS 1999: 113
Chamaeleo zeylanicus — TILBURY & TOLLEY 2009
Chamaeleo zeylanicus — TILBURY 2010: 539 
DistributionSri Lanka, India (Gujarat, Southern plains of the Ganges), Pakistan

Type locality: Ceylon (= Sri Lanka), restricted by Mertens 1969. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesType: not located; based on Seba (1734) I; plate 82, fig. 3. 
Comment 
References
  • Barry, A.T. 1936. The Common Chamaeleon (Chamaeleon zeylanicus) in Gujarat. J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 38: 201-202
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis, London, xviii, 541 pp. - get paper here
  • Captain, A. 2005. Chamaeleo zeylanicus (LAURENTI). Sauria 27 (4): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Fitzinger, L. 1843. Systema Reptilium, fasciculus primus, Amblyglossae. Braumüller et Seidel, Wien: 106 pp. - get paper here
  • Gray,J. E. 1865. Revision of the genera and species of Chamaeleonidae, with the description of some new species. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1864: 465-479. - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, D. M. S. S., M. A. J. S. Nawaratne & A. A. T. Amarasinghe 2009. A review of the distribution and conservation status of Chamaeleo zeylanicus Laurenti, 1768 (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae) from north-western Sri Lanka. Taprobanica 1 (2): 115-122 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan; D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (02): 69-76
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp.
  • Macey, J. Robert; Jennifer V. Kuehl, Allan Larson, Michael D. Robinson, Ismail H. Ugurtas, Natalia B 2008. Socotra Island the forgotten fragment of Gondwana: Unmasking chameleon lizard history with complete mitochondrial genomic data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (3): 1015-1018 - get paper here
  • Murthy, T.S.N. 2010. The reptile fauna of India. B.R. Publishing, New Delhi, 332 pp.
  • Necas, Petr 1999. Chameleons - Nature's Hidden Jewels. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt; 348 pp.; ISBN 3-930612-04-6 (Europe)<br />ISBN 1-57524-137-4 (USA, Canada)
  • Parshad, B. 1913. Extension of range of the Chameleon. J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc. 23: 370 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, W.; Tamm, K. & Wallikewitz, E. 2010. Chamäleons - Drachen unserer Zeit. Natur und Tier Verlag, 328 pp. [review in Reptilia 101: 64, 2013] - get paper here
  • Seba,A. 1734. Locupletissimi Rerum naturalium Thesauri accurata Descriptio, et Iconibus artificiosissimus Expressio, per universam Physices Historiam. Opus, cui in hoc Rerum Genere, nullum par exstitit. Vol. 1. Janssonio-Waesbergios, Amsterdam. 178 pp. - get paper here
  • Smith,M.A. 1935. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Reptiles and Amphibia, Vol. II. Sauria. Taylor and Francis, London, 440 pp.
  • Somaweera, R. & Somaweera, N. 2009. Lizards of Sri Lanka: a colour guide with field keys. Chimaira, Frankfurt, 304 pp.
  • Taylor,E.H. 1953. A review of the lizards of Ceylon. Univ. Kansas Sci. Bull. 35 (12): 1525-1585 - get paper here
  • Tilbury, C. 2010. Chameleons of Africa: An Atlas, Including the Chameleons of Europe, the Middle East and Asia. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt M., 831 pp.
  • Tilbury, C. R. & Tolley, Krystal A. 2009. A re-appraisal of the systematics of the African genus Chamaeleo (Reptilia: Chamaeleonidae). Zootaxa 2079: 57–68 - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
  • Vivek, Sharma; Sharma Neha, Kishore Jugal, Jangir Bhanwar Lal and Sharma Krishan Kumar. 2011. New locality records of Chamaeleo zeylanicus (Laurenti) from certain semi arid areas of the Thar Desert of Rajasthan, India. Herpetology Notes 4: 287-289 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2007. Herptofauna of Puma Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (8): 10-15 - get paper here
  • Vyas, Raju 2011. Reptilian diversity in and around the Shoolpaneshwar Wildlife Sanctuary, Gujarat, India. Reptile Rap (11): 5-15 - get paper here
  • Ziesmann, S.; Klaas, P.& Janzen, P. 2007. Von Skinken und anderen Echsen [Sri Lankas]. Draco 7 (30): 18-23 - get paper here
 
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