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Chamaesaura anguina LINNAEUS, 1758

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Higher TaxaCordylidae (Cordylinae), Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
SubspeciesChamaesaura anguina anguina (LINNAEUS 1758)
Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis LAURENT 1964 
Common NamesCape Grass Lizard, Cape Snake Lizard 
SynonymChamaesaura anguina anguina (LINNAEUS 1758)
Lacerta anguina LINNAEUS 1758: 210
Chalcides pinnata LAURENTI 1768
Chalcides anguina — MEYER 1795
Chamaesaura anguinea — SCHNEIDER 1801
Seps monodactylus DAUDIN 1802
Chalcides monodactylus — OPPEL 1811
Lacerta monodactyla — SHAW & NODDER 1811: plate 947
Monodactylus anguinus — MERREM 1820
Chamaesaura anguina — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1839: 441
Chamaesaura anguina — BOULENGER 1885: 264
Chamaesaura didactyla BOULENGER 1890
Chamaesaura anguina anguina — LOVERIDGE 1944
Chamaesaura anguina anguina — BOYCOTT 1992
Cordylus anguinus — FROST et al. 2001
Cordylus anguina — COOPER 2005
Chamaesaura anguina anguina — BATES et al. 2014: 184

Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis LAURENT 1964
Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis LAURENT 1964
Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis — STANLEY et al. 2011
Chamaesaura anguina oligopholis — MARQUES et al. 2018 
DistributionRepublic of South Africa (Eastern Cape), Swaziland, Angola, S Mozambique, E/S Democratic Republic of the Congo (Zaire)

Type locality: “in Cap. B. Spei lutosis, mihi non visa”

oligopholis: Angola, adjacent S Democratic Republic of the Congo. Type locality: “Calonda, Lunda,” Lunda Norte Province, Angola.”  
TypesType: BMNH 1946.8.7.98 (
Holotype: BMNH 1946.8.7.98 [didactyla]
Holotype: MD 6003 (collector A. Serralheiro) [oligopholis] 
CommentReduced limbs; the hindlimb has only a single clawed digit.

Type species: Lacerta anguina LINNAEUS 1758 is the type species of the genus Chamaesaura SCHNEIDER 1801.

Distribution: not in East Africa (S. Spawls, pers. comm., 28 June 2018). 
  • Bates, M.F.; Branch, W.R., Bauer, A.M.; Burger, M., Marais, J.; Alexander, G.J. & de Villliers, M.S. (eds.) 2014. Atlas and Red List of the Reptiles of South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland. Suricata 1. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria, 512 pp.
  • Berger, H. 1978. Chamaesaura anguina - Birth of live Young in Captivity. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (19): 22-24 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1890. First report on additions to the lizard collection in the British Museum (Natural History). Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1890: 77—86 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1899. Description of two new lizards from the interior of British East Africa. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1899: 96-98 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the lizards in the British Museum (Natural History). Vol. 2, Second edition. London, xiii+497 pp. - get paper here
  • Boycott, R. 1990. Life History Note: Chamaesaura anguina: Size, Reproduction and susceptability to Fire. J. Herp. Assoc. Africa (37): 49-49 - get paper here
  • Boycott, R.C. 1992. An Annotated Checklist of the Amphibians and Reptiles of Swaziland. The Conservation Trust of Swaziland - get paper here
  • Branch, William R. 1993. A Photographic Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Cape Town: Struik Publishers, 144 S.
  • Branch, William R.; Haagner, Gerald V. & Branch, M. S. 1992. Geographical Distribution. Sauria: Cordylidae: Chamaesaura anguina (Linnaeus, 1758). Journal of the Herpetological Association of Africa (Humewood), 41: 36-37. - get paper here
  • Broadley, D. G. & HOWELL, K. M. 1991. A check list of the reptiles of Tanzania, with synoptic keys. Syntarsus 1: 1—70
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1839. Erpétologie Générale on Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles. Vol.5. Roret/Fain et Thunot, Paris, 871 pp. - get paper here
  • Essex, R. 1925. Descriptions of two new species of the genus Acontias and notes on some other lizards found in the Cape Province. Rec. Albany Mus. 3: 332-342.
  • Frost, D.; Janies, D.; Le Fras N. Mouton, P. & Titus, T. 2003. A molecular perspective on the phylogeny of the Girdled Lizards (Cordylidae, Squamata). American Museum Novitates (3310): 1-10 - get paper here
  • Gravenhorst, J. L. C. 1851. Über die im Zoologischen Museum der Universität Breslau Befindlichen Wirtelschleichen (Pseudosaura), Krüppelfüssler (Brachypoda), und einige andere, Denselben verwandte Reptilien aus den Zünften der Schleichen und Dickzüngler [Euprepes striolatus]. Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol. Nat. Cur. 23 (1): 291-394 [1847] - get paper here
  • Günther, A. 1895. Notice of Reptiles and Batrachians collected in the eastern half of tropical Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 15: 523-529. - get paper here
  • Laurent, R.F. 1964. Reptiles et batraciens de l'Angola (troisième contribution). Companhia de Di amantes de Angola (Diamang), Serviços Culturais, Museu do Dundo (Angola), No. 67, 165 pp.
  • Laurenti, J. N. 1768. Specimen medicum, exhibens synopsin reptilium emendatam cum experimentis circa venena et antidota reptilium austracorum, quod authoritate et consensu. Vienna, Joan. Thomae, 217 pp. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Marques, Mariana P.; Luis M. P. Ceríaco , David C. Blackburn , and Aaron M. Bauer 2018. Diversity and Distribution of the Amphibians and Terrestrial Reptiles of Angola -- Atlas of Historical and Bibliographic Records (1840–2017). Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (Ser. 4) 65: 1-501 (Supplement II)
  • Muchai, Vincent & Patrick Malonza 2011. The reptiles and amphibians of Kibwezi Forest, Ngulia and Chyulu Hills Kenya Past and Present (39): 45-49 - get paper here
  • Niekisch, Manfred 1981. Chamaesaura anguina im Terrarium. Herpetofauna 3 (13): 9-10. - get paper here
  • Reissig, J. 2014. Girdled Lizards and Their Relatives. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, ISBN-10: 3899734378
  • Shaw,G. & Nodder, Elizabeth (Eds.) 1811. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. XXII. London, Nodder & Co., plates 925-972, 186 unnumbered pages, [published in monthly issues be-tween August 1, 1811, and July 1, 1811]
  • Spawls, S. & Rotich, D. 1997. An annotated checklist of the lizards of Kenya. J. East African Nat. Hist. 86: 61-83 - get paper here
  • Spawls, S.; Howell, K.; Drewes, R.C. & Ashe, J. 2002. A field guide to the reptiles of East Africa. Academic Press, 543 pp. [reviews in HR 34: 396 and Afr. J. Herp. 51; 147] - get paper here
  • Stanley, Edward L.; Aaron M. Bauer; Todd R. Jackman, William R. Branch, P. Le Fras N. Mouton 2011. Between a rock and a hard polytomy: rapid radiation in the rupicolous girdled lizard (Squamata: Cordylidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 58(1): 53-70. - get paper here
  • Toit, Annemarie du; P. le Fras N. Mouton, Alexander F. Flemming 2003. Aseasonal reproduction and high fecundity in the Cape grass lizard, Cordylus anguinus , in a fire-prone habitat. Amphibia-Reptilia 24 (4): 471-482 - get paper here
  • Venter, Jan A.; Werner Conradie 2015. A checklist of the reptiles and amphibians found in protected areas along the South African Wild Coast, with notes on conservation implications Koedoe 57 (1): 1-25. doi: 10.4102/koedoe.v57i1.1247 - get paper here
  • Witte, G. F. de 1933. Reptiles récoltés au Conge Belge par le Dr. H. Schouteden et par M. G.-F. Witte. Ann. Mus. Conge belge Zool. Ser. 1 Tome III: 53-100.
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