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Charina bottae (BLAINVILLE, 1835)

IUCN Red List - Charina bottae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Charinidae, Charininae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: bottae: Northern Rubber Boa
G: Nordamerikanische Gummi Boa, Rubber Boa 
SynonymTortrix bottae BLAINVILLE 1835
Charina bottae — GRAY 1849: 113
Wenona plumbea BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 176
Wenona isabella BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 176
Wenonia plumbea — JAN 1861
Pseuderyx Bottae — JAN 1861
Pseudoeryx Bottae — JAN 1862: 246
Wenonia plumbea — JAN 1862: 247
Charina brachyops COPE 1889: 88
Charina brachyops — BOULENGER 1893: 131
Charina bottae — BOULENGER 1893: 130
Charina bottae bottae — VAN DENBURGH 1920: 31
Channa bottae utahensis VAN DENBURGH 1920: 31
Charina bottae bottae — STIMSON 1969
Charina bottae bottae — STEBBINS 1985: 173
Charina bottae — STEBBINS 1985: 173
Charina bottae — KLUGE 1993
Charina bottae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 202
Charina bottae — CROTHER 2000: 57
Charina bottae — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, W Montana, Nevada, N Utah, W Wyoming),
Canada (S British Columbia)

Type locality: California; restricted to Coast Range, opposite Menterey by SCHMIDT (1953)

utahensis: USA (Utah); Type locality, "Little Cottonwood Canyon, Wasatch Mountains, Wasatch County, Utah."  
TypesHolotype: MHNP 730
Holotype: SDSNH 12101 [umbratica]
Holotype: CAS 38421 [utahensis] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KLUGE 1993. STEWART 1977 and CROTHER (2000) do not recognize Charina bottae utahensis.

Type species: Tortrix bottae BLAINVILLE 1835 is the type species of the genus Charina GRAY 1849.

Type genus. Charina Gray 1849 is the type genus of the family Charinidae Gray 1849. Pyron et al. 2014 placed the following genera in this family: Subfamily Charininae Gray 1849 (Charina, Lichanura), subfamily Ungaliophiinae McDowell
1987 (Exiliboa, Ungaliophis). 
EtymologyNamed after Paolo Emilio (=Paul Emile) Botta (1802-1870), explorer, physician, archaeologist and diplomat. 
References
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles, collected by the U.S. exploring expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. First part. - Including the species from the Western coast of America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 174-177 - get paper here
  • Bartholomew, B. D., and C. Lleyson. 1993. Charina bottae. Intermontanus, 2(1): 2
  • Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de 1835. Description de quelques espèces de reptiles de la Californie précédée de l’analyse d’un système général d’erpétologie et d’amphibiologie. Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 233-296 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Burger, W. Leslie 1952. A southern-most coast range locality for Charina bottae. Herpetologica 8 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1888. On a new species of Charina from California. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 11: 88 [1889] - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cunningham, J. D. 1966. Observations on the Taxonomy and Natural History of the Rubber Boa, Charina bottae. Southwestern Naturalist 1: 298—299. - get paper here
  • Erwin, D. B. 1964. Some findings on newborn rubber boas, Charina b. bottae. Copeia 1964 (1): 222-223 - get paper here
  • Erwin,C.B. 1974. Taxonomic status of the southern rubber boa, Charina bottae umbratica. Copeia 1974 (4): 996-997 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon. American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125. - get paper here
  • Hoyer,R.F. 1974. Description of a rubber boa (Charina bottae) population from western Oregon. Herpetologica 30: 275-283 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Ueber die Familien der Eryciden und Tortriciden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 28 (1): 238-252 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 3. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1943. The subspecies of the rubbersnake, Charina. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10 (7): 83-90 - get paper here
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nussbaum, Ronald A.;Hoyer, Richard F. 1974. Geographic variation and the validity of subspecies in the rubber boa, Charina bottae (Blainville). Northwest Science 48 (4): 219-229
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; Reynolds, R. Graham & Frank T. Burbrink 2014. A Taxonomic Revision of Boas (Serpentes: Boidae). Zootaxa 3846 (2): 249–260
  • Rodríguez-Robles, Javier A., Glenn R. Stewart and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2001. Mitochondrial DNA-Based Phylogeography of North American Rubber Boas, Charina bottae (Serpentes: Boidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18 (2): 227–237 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1890. On the snakes of the genus Charina. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 13: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1891. On the snakes of the Californian genus Lichanura. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (878): 511-515 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Stewart,G.R. 1977. Charina, C. bottae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 205: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Svihla, Arthur 1943. Notes on young rubber boas. Copeia 1943 (2): 128 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 1997. Zwergboas Nordamerikas: in Natur und Terrarium. TI Magazin (138): 39-44
  • Tanner, Vasco M. 1933. A study of the variation of the dorsal scale rows of Charina bottae (Blainville). Copeia 1933 (2): 81-84 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1958. Herpetological range extensions. Herpetologica 14: 195-196 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J. 1920. Description of a new subspecies of boa (Charina bottae utahensis) from Utah. Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 10: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Wright, A. H., & Wright, A. A. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada 1. Constable, London, xviii + 564 pp.
 
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