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Charina bottae (BLAINVILLE, 1835)

IUCN Red List - Charina bottae - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaBoidae (Erycinae), Henophidia, Serpentes (snakes) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: bottae: Northern Rubber Boa
G: Nordamerikanische Gummi Boa, Rubber Boa 
SynonymTortrix bottae BLAINVILLE 1835
Charina bottae — GRAY 1849: 113
Wenona plumbea BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 176
Wenona isabella BAIRD & GIRARD 1852: 176
Wenonia plumbea — JAN 1861
Pseuderyx Bottae — JAN 1861
Pseudoeryx Bottae — JAN 1862: 246
Wenonia plumbea — JAN 1862: 247
Charina brachyops COPE 1889: 88
Charina brachyops — BOULENGER 1893: 131
Charina bottae — BOULENGER 1893: 130
Charina bottae bottae — VAN DENBURGH 1920: 31
Channa bottae utahensis VAN DENBURGH 1920: 31
Charina bottae bottae — STIMSON 1969
Charina bottae bottae — STEBBINS 1985: 173
Charina bottae — STEBBINS 1985: 173
Charina bottae — KLUGE 1993
Charina bottae — MCDIARMID, CAMPBELL & TOURÉ 1999: 202
Charina bottae — CROTHER 2000: 57
Charina bottae — CROTHER et al. 2012 
DistributionUSA (Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, W Montana, Nevada, N Utah, W Wyoming),
Canada (S British Columbia)

Type locality: California; restricted to Coast Range, opposite Menterey by SCHMIDT (1953)

utahensis: USA (Utah); Type locality, "Little Cottonwood Canyon, Wasatch Mountains, Wasatch County, Utah." Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
TypesHolotype: MHNP 730
Holotype: SDSNH 12101 [umbratica]
Holotype: CAS 38421 [utahensis] 
CommentSynonymy partly after KLUGE 1993. STEWART 1977 and CROTHER (2000) do not recognize Charina bottae utahensis. 
EtymologyEtymology: Named after Paolo Emilio (=Paul Emile) Botta (1802-1870), explorer, physician, archaeologist and diplomat. 
References
  • Baird,S.F. and Girard,C. 1852. Descriptions of new species of reptiles, collected by the U.S. exploring expedition under the command of Capt. Charles Wilkes, U.S.N. First part. - Including the species from the Western coast of America. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 6: 174-177 - get paper here
  • Bartholomew, B. D., and C. Lleyson. 1993. Charina bottae. Intermontanus, 2(1): 2
  • Blainville, Henri Marie Ducrotay de 1835. Description de quelques espèces de reptiles de la Californie précédée de l’analyse d’un système général d’erpétologie et d’amphibiologie. Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 233-296 - get paper here
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1893. Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. London (Taylor & Francis), 448 pp. - get paper here
  • Burger, W. Leslie 1952. A southern-most coast range locality for Charina bottae Herpetologica 8 (1): 1-2 - get paper here
  • Cope, E.D. 1888. On a new species of Charina from California. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 11: 88 [1889] - get paper here
  • Crother, B. I. 2000. Scientific and standard English names of amphibians and reptiles of North America north of Mexico, with comments regarding confidence in our understanding. Herpetological Circular 29: 1-82
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Cunningham, J. D. 1966. Observations on the Taxonomy and Natural History of the Rubber Boa, Charina bottae. Southwestern Naturalist 1: 298—299. - get paper here
  • Erwin, D. B. 1964. Some findings on newborn rubber boas, Charina b. bottae Copeia 1964 (1): 222-223 - get paper here
  • Erwin,C.B. 1974. Taxonomic status of the southern rubber boa, Charina bottae umbratica. Copeia 1974 (4): 996-997 - get paper here
  • Fitch, H. S. 1936. Amphibians and reptiles of the Rouge River Basin, Oregon American Midland Naturalist 17: 634-652 - get paper here
  • Gower, D.; Garrett, K. & Stafford, P. 2012. Snakes. Firefly Books, Buffalo, NY,<br />144 p..
  • Gray, J. E. 1849. Catalogue of the specimens of snakes in the collection of the British Museum. Edward Newman, London, i-xv; 1-125. - get paper here
  • Hoyer,R.F. 1974. Description of a rubber boa (Charina bottae) population from western Oregon. Herpetologica 30: 275-283 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1862. Ueber die Familien der Eryciden und Tortriciden. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 28 (1): 238-252 - get paper here
  • Jan, G. 1864. Iconographie générale des ophidiens. 3. Livraison. J.B. Bailière et Fils, Paris - get paper here
  • Klauber, Laurence M. 1943. The subspecies of the rubbersnake, Charina. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 10 (7): 83-90 - get paper here
  • Kluge A G 1993. Calabaria and the phylogeny of erycine snakes. Zool. J. Linnean Soc. 107 (4): 293-351
  • McDiarmid,R.W.; Campbell,J.A. & Touré,T.A. 1999. Snake species of the world. Vol. 1. Herpetologists’ League, 511 pp.
  • Nussbaum, Ronald A.;Hoyer, Richard F. 1974. Geographic variation and the validity of subspecies in the rubber boa, Charina bottae (Blainville). Northwest Science 48 (4): 219-229
  • Rodríguez-Robles, Javier A., Glenn R. Stewart and Theodore J. Papenfuss 2001. Mitochondrial DNA-Based Phylogeography of North American Rubber Boas, Charina bottae (Serpentes: Boidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 18 (2): 227–237 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1890. On the snakes of the genus Charina. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 13: 177-182 - get paper here
  • Stejneger, Leonhard 1891. On the snakes of the Californian genus Lichanura Proc. US Natl. Mus. 14 (878): 511-515 - get paper here
  • Stejneger,L.H. 1893. Annotated list of the reptiles and batrachians collected by the Death Valley Expedition in 1891, with descriptions of new species. North American Fauna, No. 7: 159-228 (+ 14 plates + 4 maps) - get paper here
  • Stewart,G.R. 1977. Charina, C. bottae. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles No. 205: 1-2 - get paper here
  • Svihla, Arthur 1943. Notes on young rubber boas. Copeia 1943 (2): 128 - get paper here
  • Switak, Karl H. 1997. Zwergboas Nordamerikas: in Natur und Terrarium TI Magazin (138): 39-44
  • Tanner, Vasco M. 1933. A study of the variation of the dorsal scale rows of Charina bottae (Blainville) Copeia 1933 (2): 81-84 - get paper here
  • Tanner, Wilmer W. 1958. Herpetological range extensions Herpetologica 14: 195-196 - get paper here
  • Van Denburgh, J. 1920. Description of a new subspecies of boa (Charina bottae utahensis) from Utah Proc. Cal. Acad. Sci. (4) 10: 31-34 - get paper here
  • Wright, A. H., & Wright, A. A. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada 1. Constable, London, xviii + 564 pp.
 
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