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Chelodina mccordi RHODIN, 1994

IUCN Red List - Chelodina mccordi - Critically Endangered, CR

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Pleurodira, Testudines (turtles)
SubspeciesChelodina mccordi mccordi RHODIN 1994
Chelodina mccordi timorensis MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNION & HAGEN 2007 
Common NamesE: McCord's Snakeneck Turtle
G: McCords Schlangenhalsschildkröte 
SynonymChelodina mccordi RHODIN 1994
Chelodina novae guineae TEN KATE 1894 (part.)
Chelodina mccordi — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2004
Chelodina timorensis MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNION & HAGEN 2007
Chelodina mccordi roteensis MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI & HAGEN 2007: 59
Chelodina (Chelodina) mccordi roteensis — TTWG 2014
Chelodina mccordi — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010
Chelodina (Chelodina) mccordi — TTWG 2014
Chelodina (Chelodina) mccordi — SHEA et al. 2020
Chelodina mccordi — TTWG 2021

Chelodina mccordi timorensis MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI & HAGEN 2007
Chelodina timorensis MCCORD, JOSEPH-OUNI & HAGEN 2007: 54
Chelodina mccordi timorlestensis KUCHLING et al. 2007
Chelodina mccordi timorensis — KAISER & VAN DIJK 2010 (pers. comm.)
Chelodina timorensis — VALVERDE 2010
Chelodina (Chelodina) mccordi timorensis — TTWG 2014
Chelodina mccordi timorensis — TTWG 2021 
DistributionIndonesia (Roti Island)

roteensis: type locality: from Lake Enduy, eastern Rote Island, Indonesia.

timorlestensis: area of Lake Iralalaro in Lautém District near the eastern tip of Timor-Leste (East Timor)

timoriensis: East Timor (previously Indonesia); type locality: swamps of Lake Ira Lalaro, East Timor.  
TypesHolotype: MCZ 176730
Holotype: AMNH 160132 [roteensis]
Holotype: WAM R165888 [timorlestensis]
Holotype: AMNH 160135: a juvenile [timorensis] 
CommentThis is one of the most endangered turtle species according to a 2003 assessment by the IUCN.

Subspecies: Chelodina mccordi timorlestensis is intermediate between C. m. mccordi from Roti and Chelodina novaeguineae from the island of New Guinea, but, in supporting its subspecific taxonomic status, the new taxon shows more similarities to the nominate form than to C. novaeguineae. Kehlmair et al. 2019 suggested to synonymize roteensis with mccordi.

Habitat: freshwater (rivers, swamps)

NCBI taxonID: 2804320 [Chelodina mccordi timorensis] 
EtymologyNamed after Dr. William Patrick McCord (b. 1950), a veterinary surgeon and a turtle specialist. He owns the East Fishkill Animal Hospital in New York State. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Bour, R. 2008. Global diversity of turtles (Chelonii; Reptilia) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia 595:593–598 - get paper here
  • Eisemberg, Carla C.;Bertanizo G. Costa, Elda C. Guterres, Stephen J. Reynolds, Keith A. Christian 2016. Notes on Chelodina mccordi timorensis Biology, Harvest, Current Threats, and Community Perceptions in the Lake Iralalaro Region, Timor-Leste. Chelonian Conservation and Biology 15 (1): 69-78. - get paper here
  • Ellis, Ryan J. and Arthur Georges 2015. An annotated type catalogue of the turtles (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae) in the collection of the Western Australian Museum. Rec. West. Aust. Mus. 30: 52-60, DOI: 10.18195/issn.0312-3162.30(1).2015.052-060 - get paper here
  • Forth, G. 2017. Ethnographic reports of freshwater turtles on Flores Island, Indonesia: possibilities of an undocumented chelonian species. Herpetological Review 48 (2): 304-310 - get paper here
  • Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37 - get paper here
  • Georges, A.; Adams, M.; McCord, W. 2002. Electrophoretic delineation of species boundaries within the genus Chelodina (Testudines: Chelidae) of Australia, New Guinea and Indonesia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 134 (4): 401-422 - get paper here
  • Hennig, A.S. 2004. Haltung von Wasserschildkröten. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 125 pp. - get paper here
  • KAYAT & G.S. SARAGIH. 2021. Reproductive biology of the Rote Snake-necked Turtle Chelodina mccordi (Rhodin, 1994) in Oelsonbai Captivity, Kupang. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 948(1): 012021.. - get paper here
  • Kehlmaier, C., Zhang, X., Georges, A., Campbell, P. D., Thomson, S., & Fritz, U. 2019. Mitogenomics of historical type specimens of Australasian turtles: clarification of taxonomic confusion and old mitochondrial introgression. Scientific Reports, 9(1): 5841 - get paper here
  • Kuchling, Gerald; Anders G.J. Rhodin, Bonggi R. Ibarrondo, and Colin R. Trainor 2007. A New Subspecies of the Snakeneck Turtle Chelodina mccordi from Timor-Leste (East Timor) (Testudines: Chelidae). Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 6 (2): 213 - get paper here
  • Mazzoleni, Sofia; Barbora Augstenová, Lorenzo Clemente, Markus Auer, Uwe Fritz, Peter Praschag, Tomáš Protiva, Petr Velenský, Lukáš Kratochvíl & Michail Rovatsos 2020. Sex is determined by XX/XY sex chromosomes in Australasian side-necked turtles (Testudines: Chelidae). Sci Rep 10: 4276 - get paper here
  • McCord, W. P. & S. A. Thomson 2002. A new species of Chelodina (Testudines: Pleurodira: Chelidae) from Northern Australia. Journal of Herpetology 36 (2): 255-267. - get paper here
  • McCord, W. P., M. Joseph-Ouni, and C. Hagen 2007. A New Subspecies of Chelodina mccordi (Testudines: Chelidae) from Eastern Rote Island, Indonesia. Reptilia (GB) (52): 58-61 - get paper here
  • McCord, W. P., M. Joseph-Ouni, and C. Hagen 2007. A New Species of Chelodina (Testudines: Chelidae) from Eastern Timor Island (East Timor). Reptilia (GB) (52): 53-57 - get paper here
  • McCord, W.P. & Joseph-Ouni, M. 2004. Chelonian Illustrations #12: Snake-necked and monotypic side-necked turtles of Indo-Australasia. Reptilia (GB) (32): 66-69 - get paper here
  • O’SHEA, Mark; Caitlin SANCHEZ, Andrew KATHRINER, Sven MECKE, Venancio LOPES CARVALHO, Agivedo VARELA RIBEIRO, Zito AFRANIO SOARES, Luis LEMOS DE ARAUJO and Hinrich KAISER 2015. Herpetological Diversity of Timor-Leste: Updates and a Review of Species Distributions. Asian Herpetological Research 6 (2): 73–131 - get paper here
  • Rhodin,A.G. 1994. Chelid turtles of the Australasian Archipelago: II. A new species of Chelodina from Roti Island, Indonesia. Breviora (498): 1-31 - get paper here
  • SHEA, GLENN; SCOTT THOMSON & ARTHUR GEORGES 2020. The identity of Chelodina oblonga Gray 1841 (Testudines: Chelidae) reassessed. Zootaxa 4779 (3): 419–437 - get paper here
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • TTWG; Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., Bour, R., Fritz, U., Georges, A., Shaffer, H.B., and van Dijk, P.P. 2021. Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (9th Ed.). In: Rhodin, A.G.J., Iverson, J.B., van Dijk, P.P., Stanford, C.B., Goode, E.V., Buhlmann, K.A., and Mittermeier, R.A. (Eds.). Chelonian Research Monographs 8:1–472. doi:10.3854/crm.8.checklist.atlas.v9.2021. - get paper here
  • Valverde, J. 2010. Schlangenhalsschildkröten. Reptilia (Münster) 15 (85): 16-23 [erratum in 86: 10] - get paper here
  • Wagner, P. 2018. Die Letzten ihrer Art – 15 Jahre erfolgreiche Erhaltungszucht im Internationalen Zentrum für Schildkrötenschutz (IZS). Reptilia 23 (133): 22-30 - get paper here
  • Werning, H. 2007. Das internationale Zentrum für Schildkrötenschutz nimmt immer weiter Fahrt auf. Reptilia (Münster) 12 (63): 3-5 - get paper here
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