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Chelodina oblonga GRAY, 1841

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Higher TaxaChelidae, Chelodininae, Testudines (turtles) 
Common NamesNorth Australian Snake-necked Turtle (siebenorcki: Siebenrock’s Snake-necked Turtle; oblonga: Narrow-breasted Snake-necked Turtle) 
SynonymChelodina oblonga GRAY 1841: 434 (in GREY)
Chelodina rugosa OGILBY 1889
Chelodina rugosa OGILBY 1890: 56
Chelodina siebenrocki WERNER 1901
Chelodina oblonga — SIEBENROCK 1905
Chelodina intergularis FRY 1915
Chelodina rugosa — WERMUTH & MERTENS 1977
Macrochelodina oblonga — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985
Chelodina billabong — WELLS & WELLINGTON 1985 (nomen nudum)
Chelodina siebenrocki — ALDERTON 1988
Chelodina oblonga — KING & BURKE 1989
Chelodina rugosa — ERNST & BARBOUR 1989
Chelodina rugosa — COGGER 2000: 192
Chelodina oblonga — COGGER 2000: 192
Chelodina siebenrocki — ISKANDAR & ERDELEN 2006
Chelodina rugosa — BONIN et al 2006
Chelodina siebenrocki — BONIN et al 2006
Macrodiremys oblonga — MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2007
Macrochelodina rugosa — FRITZ & HAVAS 2007
Chelodina rugosa — ALACS et al. 2009
Chelodina (Macrochelodina) rugosa — GEORGES & THOMSON 2010
Chelodina oblonga — WILSOIN & SWAN 2010
Chelodina siebenrocki — AUER 2011
Chelodina (Macrochelodina) oblonga — TTWG 2014 
DistributionN Australia (from the Cape York Peninsula westward to the Kimberley District of W Australia; North Territory, Queensland, West Australia)

Type locality: Cape York, Qld.

oblonga: SW-W Australia; Type locality: West Australia.

siebenrocki: New Guinea (southern coast west of the Fly River, certain islands in the Torres Strait); type locality; Papua New Guinea. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: AMS R6256.

Holotype (oblonga): BMNH 1947.3.5.89; MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI (2007) designate Gray’s 1856 C. colliei lectotype (THOMSON, 2000; BMNH 1947.3.5.91) as the neotype of C. oblonga. However, McCord and Joseph-Ouni’s (2007) neotype designation for C. oblonga is invalid under the ICZN Code (see discussion in KUCHLING 2010). 
CommentSynonymy mostly after GEORGES & THOMSON 2010.

Type species: Chelodina oblonga is the type species of the genus Macrochelodina Wells and Wellington, 1985.

Type species: Chelodina oblonga is the type species of the genus Macrodiremys MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2007.

Diagnosis (of Macrochelodina): “Macrochelodina is differentiated by having a generally broader head, a longer thicker neck with less obvious tubercles, and a narrower plastron” (fide MCCORD & JOSEPH-OUNI 2007; note that this is a pretty useless diagnosis, P.U.).

Note that FRITZ (2008) rejected the lectotype designation of Chelodina oblonga by McCord & Joseph-Ouni (2007) as invalid. See Kuchling (2010) for a more detailed discussion. 
  • ALACS, E.A.; M. J. HILLYER, A. GEORGES, N. N. FITZSIMMONS and J. M. HUGHES 2009. Development of microsatellite markers in the Australasian snake-necked turtle Chelodina rugusa [sic] and cross-species amplification. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 350–353
  • Alderton, D. 1988. Turtles and tortoises of the world. Facts on File, New York.
  • AUER, M. 2011. Beobachtungen zu Vorkommen und Handel von Schildkröten in Nordlaos. Sauria, Berlin 33 (1): 3-11 - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Cann, John 1997. Kuchlings long-neck turtle, Chelodina kuchlingi sp. nov. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society 9 (1): 41-44.
  • Cann, John 1998. Australian Freshwater Turtles. Beaumont Publishing, Singapore: 292 pp.
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 1: Rainforest. Reptilia (GB) (40): 70-75 - get paper here
  • Fritz, U. 2008. Comment on the proposed precedence of Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines) over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841 (Case 3351; see BZN 63: 187–193, 64: 68, 127–128). Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 65 (1): - get paper here
  • Fry, Dene B. 1915. On a new Chelodina from Australia, with a key to the genus. Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 27: 88–90. - get paper here
  • Gaffney, Eugene S. 1977. The side-necked turtle family Chelidae: a theory of relationships using shared derived characters. American Museum Novitates (2620): 1-28 - get paper here
  • Georges, A. & Thomson, S. 2010. Diversity of Australasian freshwater turtles, with an annotated synonymy and keys to species. Zootaxa 2496: 1–37 - get paper here
  • Georges, A.; J. Birrell, K. M. Saint, W. McCord und S. C. Donnellan 1998. A phylogeny for side-necked turtles (Chelonia: Pleurodira) based on mitochondrial and nuclear gene sequence variation. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 67: 213-246 [1999] - get paper here
  • Georges, Arthur, Carla Eisemberg, Yolarnie Amepou and Eric Manasi. 2014. Turtle conservation challenges in papua New Guinea. Turtle Survival 2014: 22-24 - get paper here
  • Grace, J. 1997. Captive breeding of the Black-headed python, Aspidites melanocephalus. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society. 9 (1): 8-9
  • Gray, J.E. 1841. A catalogue of the species of reptiles and Amphibia hitherto described as inhabiting Australia, with a description of some new species from Western Australia. Appendix E, pp. 422-449. In: G. Grey, Journals of Two Expeditions of Discovery in Northwest T. and W. Boone, London. Vol. 2: 422-449 + plates - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1856. On some new species freshwater tortoises from North America, Ceylon and Australia. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 18: 263-268 - get paper here
  • ICZN 2013. OPINION 2315 (Case 3351) Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines): precedence not granted over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 70 (1): 57-60 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T. and Walter R. Erdelen 2006. Conservation of amphibians and reptiles in Indonesia: issues and problems. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 4 (1): 60-87 - get paper here
  • Iverson, John B., Scott A. Thomson and Arthur Georges 2001. Validity of taxonomic changes for turtles proposed by Wells and Wellington. Journal of Herpetology 35 (3): 361-368 - get paper here
  • Kuchling, G. 2010. Taxonomy and nomenclature of the longneck turtle (genus Chelodina) from south-western Australia. Rec. West. Austr. Mus. 25 (4): 449–454 - get paper here
  • Kuchling, Gerald 2013. A turtle trying to keep its head above water in the Land Down Under. The Tortoise 1 (2): 98-107.
  • McCord, W. P., and M. Joseph-Ouni. 2007. A New Genus of Australian Longneck Turtle (Testudines: Chelidae) and a New Species of Macrochelodina from the Kimberley Region of Western Australia (Australia). Reptilia (GB) (53): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Ogilby, J.D. 1890. Description of a new Australian tortoise. Rec. Austral. Mus. 1: 56-59 - get paper here
  • Rhodin,A.G.J. & Mittermeier,R.A. 1976. Chelodina parkeri, a new species of chelid turtle from New Guinea, with a discussion of Chelodina siebenrocki Werner 1901. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 147 (11): 465-488 - get paper here
  • Savage, Jay M. 2007. Comment on the proposed precedence of Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines) over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 64 (1) - get paper here
  • Seddon, J. M.;Georges, A.;Baverstock, P. R.;McCord, W. 1997. Phylogenetic relationships of chelid turtles (Pleurodira: Chelidae) based on mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene sequence variation. Mol Phylogenet Evol 7 (1): 55-61 - get paper here
  • Siebenrock, F. 1905. Chelonologische Notizen. Zool. Anz. (?) 1905: 460-468
  • Thomson, S. A. 2006. Case 3351. Chelodina rugosa Ogilby, 1890 (currently Macrochelodina rugosa; Reptilia, Testudines): proposed precedence over Chelodina oblonga Gray, 1841. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature<br />63:187-193. - get paper here
  • Thomson, Scott 2000. The identification of the holotype of Chelodina oblonga (Testudines: Chelidae) with a discussion of taxonomic implications. Chelonian Conserv. Biol. 3 (4):745-749
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Werner, F. 1901. Ueber Reptilien und Batrachier aus Ecuador und Neu-Guinea. Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. Wien 51: 593-614
  • Wilson, D.S. et al. 2003. Estimating age of turtles from growth rings: a critical evaluation of the technique. Herpetologica 59 (2): 178-194 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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