You are here » home advanced search Chelydra serpentina

Chelydra serpentina (LINNAEUS, 1758)

IUCN Red List - Chelydra serpentina - Least Concern, LC

Can you confirm these amateur observations of Chelydra serpentina?

Add your own observation of
Chelydra serpentina »

Find more photos by Google images search: Google images

Higher TaxaChelydridae, Testudines (turtles) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesCommon Snapping Turtle 
SynonymTestudo serpentina LINNAEUS 1758: 199
Testudo serpentaria — WIEDEMANN 1802 (nom. subst. pro T. serpentina L.)
Chelydra serpentina — SCHWEIGGER 1812
Chelydra lacertina SCHWEIGGER 1812
Testudo serpentina — SHAW & NODDER 1813: plate 1062
Chelonura serpentina — SAY 1824: 206
Testudo longicauda SHAW 1831 (nomen nudum)
Emysaura Serpentina — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1835: 350
Chelydra emarginata AGASSIZ 1857
Chelydra serpentina — GÜNTHER 1885: 10
Macroclemys lacertina — RHOADS 1895: 381
Devisia mythodes OGILBY 1905
Macrochelys lacertina — LARGELAMB 1907
Chelydra serpentina serpentina — STEJNEGER 1914
Chelydra serpentina osceola STEJNEGER 1918: 89
Chelydra osceola STEJNEGER 1918: 89
Chelydra serpentina osceola — MERTENS 1934
Chelydra serpentina — STEBBINS 1985: 97
Chelydra serpentina — CONANT & COLLINS 1991: 41
Chelydra serpentina serpentina — CROTHER 2000
Chelydra serpentina osceola — CROTHER 2000
Chelydra serpentina — TTWG 2014 
DistributionS Canada (from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, S Quebec, Ontario, west to Manitoba, SE Alberta, Saskatchewan),
USA (east of the Rocky Mountains and south to the Texas coast: Colorado, Montana, New Mexico, Rhode Island, Wyoming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Minnesota, Iowa, Missouri, Arkansas, Louisiana, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, South Carolina, North Carolina, Virginia, West Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, New York, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire, Maine)

Type locality: “in Calidis regionibus”

Introduced to: USA (Arizona, California, Nevada, Oregon), Japan (Honshu), China, Taiwan  
Reproductionoviparous. This species exhibits temperature-dependant sex determination (TSD). 
TypesHolotype: USNM 10369 [osceoloa] 
CommentSubspecies: Most subspecies of Chelydra serpentina are now considered as valid species. However, Feuer (1971) reported intergradation between Chelydra serpentina serpentina and Chelydra serpentina osceola, indicating incomplete genetic separation and therefore subspecies status. This is confirmed by Shaffer et al. (in Steyermark et al. 2008) who reject osceola as a clearly distinguishable subspecies.

Type species: Testudo serpentina LINNAEUS 1758: 199 is the type species of the genus Chelydra SCHWEIGGER 1812: 292. 
References
  • Akeret, B. 2009. Unter und über Wasser durch die Karstgewässer Floridas. Draco 10 (37): 24-29 - get paper here
  • Allen, Morrow J. 1932. A survey of the Amphibians and reptiles of Harrison County, Mississippi. American Museum Novitates (542): 1-20 - get paper here
  • Anderson, James T.;Andrson, Ann M. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Chelydra serpentina serpentina. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 150 - get paper here
  • Anthonysamy, Whitney J. B.; Michael J. Dreslik, David Mauger, and Christopher A. Phillips 2014. A Preliminary Assessment of Habitat Partitioning in a Freshwater Turtle Community at an Isolated Preserve. Copeia Jun 2014, Vol. 2014, No. 2: 269-278. - get paper here
  • Aresco, Matthew J.; Joseph Travis, and Pamela S. D. MacRae 2015. Trophic Interactions of Turtles in a North Florida Lake Food Web: Prevalence of Omnivory. Copeia 2015 (2): 343-356. - get paper here
  • Armstrong, Doug P. and Ronald J. Brooks 2014. Estimating Ages of Turtles from Growth Data. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jul 2014, Vol. 13, No. 1: 9-15. - get paper here
  • Bartlett, R. D. & Bartlett, P. 1999. A Field Guide to Texas Reptiles and Amphibians. Gulf Publishing Co., Houston, Texas, 331 pp.
  • Blanchard, Frank N. 1923. The amphibians and reptiles of Dickinson County, Iowa. Iowa Studies in Natural History 10 (2): 19-26
  • Bocourt,M.F. 1868. Descriptions de quelques chéloniens nouveaux appartenant a la faune Mexicaine. Ann. Sci. Nat. Zool., (Ser. 5) 10 (Pts. 1-3), p. 121-122 - get paper here
  • Bogosian, Victor; Eric C. Hellgren, and Raymond W. Moody 2012. Assemblages of Amphibians, Reptiles, and Mammals on an Urban Military Base in Oklahoma. Southwestern Naturalist 57 (3): 277-284. - get paper here
  • Bonin, F., Devaux, B. & Dupré, A. 2006. Turtles of the World. English translation by P.C.H. Pritchard. Johns Hopkins University Press, 416 pp.
  • Boulenger, George A. 1902. On the southern snapping-turtle (Chelydra rossignonii, Bocourt). Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (7) 9 (49): 49-51 - get paper here
  • Braun, Andrew P. and Quinton E. Phelps 2016. Habitat Use by Five Turtle Species in the Middle Mississippi River Chelonian Conservation and Biology Jun 2016, Vol. 15, No. 1: 62-68. - get paper here
  • Burroughs, Robert W., Zachary S. Morris and Adam D. Marsh. 2014. Trachemys scripta (red-eared slider), Pseudemys texana (Texas river cooter), Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle) feeding behavior and scavenging. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 321-322
  • Burt, Charles E. 1935. Further records of the ecology and distribution of amphibians and reptiles in the middle west. American Midland Naturalist 16 (3): 311-336 - get paper here
  • Castro-Herrera, F. & Vargas-Salinas, F. 2008. Anfibios y reptiles en el departamento del Valle del Cauca, Colombia. Biota Colombiana 9 (2): 251 - 277 - get paper here
  • Chiszar, David; Holland, Richard L.;Ristau, Carolyn;Smith, Hobart M. 1994. Chelydra serpentina serpentina (common snapping turtle). USA: Nebraska. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 162 - get paper here
  • Cisneros-Heredia, D.F. 2006. Turtles of the Tiputini Biodiversity Station with remarks on the diversity and distribution of the Testudines from Ecuador. Biota Neotrop. 6 (1): 1-16 - get paper here
  • Cochrane, Madaline M., Ron A. Moen and Donald J. Brown. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 381
  • Colvin, Robert and Jeremy Dennison. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 564
  • Conant, Roger 1938. The Reptiles of Ohio. American Midland Naturalist 20 (1): 1-200 - get paper here
  • Conant,R. & Collins,J.T. 1991. A Field Guide to Reptiles and Amphibians of Eastern/Central North America, 3rd ed. Houghton Mifflin (Boston/New York), xx + 450 p.
  • Crother, B. I. (ed.) 2012. Standard Common and Current Scientific Names for North American Amphibians, Turtles, Reptiles, and Crocodilians, Seventh Edition. Herpetological Circular 39: 1-92
  • Degenhardt, William G.; C. W. Painter, and A. H. Price 1996. Amphibians and reptiles of New Mexico. Univ. New Mexico Press, 431 pp.
  • Dixon, James R. 2000. Amphibians and reptiles of Texas, second edition. Texas A&M University Press, 421 pp.
  • Doody, J. Sean and Jennifer A. Moore 2010. Conceptual model for thermal limits on the distribution of reptiles. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (2) - get paper here
  • Drubbel, J. 2007. De Florida bijtschildpad, Chelydra serpentina osceola, in een buitenterrarium. Lacerta 65 (3): 121-127 - get paper here
  • Ducey, Peter K.;Newman, Willis;Cameron, Kimberly D.;Messere, Michael 1998. Herpetofauna of the highly-polluted Onondaga Lake Ecosystem, Onondaga County, New York. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 118-119 - get paper here
  • Duméril, A.M.C., and G. Bibron. 1835. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complète des Reptiles, Vol. 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris, iv + 680 p. - get paper here
  • Dustman, Emily A. 2013. Sex identification in the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina): A new technique and evaluation of previous methods. Herpetological Review 44 (2): 235-238
  • Elmberg, J. 1980. Herpetological observations 77-78 [in Vernon county, Wisconsin]. Fältbiologerna Umea.
  • Elston, Jonathan; Virginie Rolland, and Stanley E. Trauth 2016. Urban Ditch Characteristics Associated with Turtle Abundance and Species Richness. Herp. Cons. Biol. 11 (1) - get paper here
  • Ernst, C H; Gibbons J W; Novak S S 1988. Chelydra Schweigger. Snapping turtles. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 419: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Ernst, Carl H.; Lovich, Jeffrey E. 2009. Turtles of the United States and Canada, 2nd edition. Johns Hopkins University Press, 827 pp. - get paper here
  • Ernst,C.H. and Barbour,R.W. 1989. Turtles of the World. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C. - London
  • Escribano, J.M. 2003. Chelydra serpentina - The Snapping Turtle. Reptilia (GB) (28): 56-59 - get paper here
  • Feuer, R.C. 1971. Intergradation of the snapping turtles Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus, 1758) and Chelydra serpentina osceola Stejneger, 1918. Herpetologica 27: 379-384 - get paper here
  • Fleet, Robert R.;Rainwater, Fred C. 1998. Geographic distribution. Chelydra serpentina serpentina. Herpetological Review 29 (4): 247 - get paper here
  • Force, Edith R. 1928. A Preliminary Checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles of Tulsa County. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 8: - get paper here
  • Fornelino, M.M. 2003. Chelydra serpentina acutirostris - Biology and conservation of the the Snapping turtle in Nicaragua and Costa Rica. Reptilia (GB) (28): 60-65 - get paper here
  • Frick, Michael G.;Lindsay, Anne M. 1997. Geographic Distribution. Chelydra serpentina. Herpetological Review 28 (2): 94 - get paper here
  • Gibbons J W; Novak S S; Ernst C H 1988. Chelydra serpentina (Linnaeus). Snapping turtle. Catalogue of American Amphibians and Reptiles ( 420: 1-4 - get paper here
  • Gibbons, J. Whitfield 2013. A Long-Term Perspective of Delayed Emergence (aka Overwintering) in Hatchling Turtles: Some They Do and Some They Don't, and Some You Just Can't Tell. Journal of Herpetology Jun 2013, Vol. 47, No. 2: 203-214. - get paper here
  • Grant, Chapman 1937. Herpetological notes from Central Kansas. American Midland Naturalist 18 (3): 370-372 - get paper here
  • Gray,J.E. 1873. Notes on the tortoises of the ‘Zoology of Mexico’ of MM.A. Duméril and Bocourt. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (4) 12: 109-114 - get paper here
  • Green, N.B., & Pauley, T.K. 1987. Amphibians and reptiles in West Virginia. Univ. of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, 241 pp.
  • GRYCHTA, U. & R. GRYCHTA 1994. Die Sonographie als Hilfsmittel bei unsicheren Tastbefunden bei Schnappschildkröten der Gattung Chelydra SCHWEIGGER, 1812. Sauria 16 (4): 37-38 - get paper here
  • Günther, A. C. L. G. 1885. Reptilia and Batrachia. Biologia Centrali-Américana. Taylor, & Francis, London, 326 pp. [published in parts from 1885-1902; reprint by the SSAR 1987] - get paper here
  • Hartzell, Sean M. 2015. Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle) diet and foraging behavior. Herpetological Review 46 (3): 422
  • Hartzell, Sean M. and Michael B. Hartzell. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 79
  • HIll, Robert L. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (1): 79
  • Hobert, Justin; Montgomery, Chad; Childers, Theresa; Manzer, Jerry D.; Bergman, Enoch; Sifert, James; Hill, Ben; Mackessy, Stephen P. 1998. Geographic Distribution. Chelydra serpentina serpentina. Herpetological Review 29 (2): 109 - get paper here
  • Hudson, Bryan D., Zach I. Felix, Justin Oguni, Brad Wilson, Kira McEntire, Theresa Stratmann, Daniel D. Duff and Zack Seymour. 2015. New geographic distributional records of amphbians and reptiles in Georgia, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 595-596
  • Humphrey, Rosanne;Chiszar, David;Smith, Hobart M. 1995. Chelydra serpentina. Herpetological Review 26 (2): 106 - get paper here
  • Hunter, M.L., Jr., Albright, J., & Arbuckle, J., eds. 1992. The amphibians and reptiles of Maine. Maine Agric. Experiment Station, Orono, Bull. 838 188 pp.
  • Jamniczky, H. A. and A. P. Russell 2007. Reappraisal of Patterns of Nonmarine Cryptodiran Turtle Carotid Circulation: Evidence From Osteological Correlates and Soft Tissues. JOURNAL OF MORPHOLOGY 268:571–587
  • Janzen, Frederick J. 1992. Heritable variation for sex ratio under environmental sex determination in the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Genetics 131: 155-161
  • Jensen, John B.; Carlos D. Camp, Whit Gibbons, & Matt J. Elliott 2008. Amphibians and reptiles of Georgia. University of Georgia Press, 575 pp.
  • Jones, Brian D. and Philip A. Cochran. 2014. Chrysemys picta (painted turtle) and Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle) interspecific interactions. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 311-312
  • Joyce, Walter G.; James F. Parham , Tyler R. Lyson , Rachel C. M. Warnock and Philip C. J. Donoghue 2013. A Divergence Dating Analysis of Turtles Using Fossil Calibrations: An Example of Best Practices. Journal of Paleontology, 87(4):612-634 - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. 1987. Die Gattung Chelydra - Ein Überblick, Teil 2 - Haltung in Gefangenschaft. Sauria 9 (3): 9-12 - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. 1987. Die Gattung Chelydra - Ein Überblick. Sauria 9 (2): 15-18 - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. 1987. Die Gattung Chelydra - Ein Überblick, Teil 3 - Nachzucht in Gefangeschaft. Sauria 9 (4): 21-23 - get paper here
  • Jungnickel, J. 1988. Die Gattung Chelydra - Ein Überblick, Teil 4 - Beziehungen zum Menschen. Sauria 10 (1): 7-9 - get paper here
  • King, Richard B.; Oldham, Michael J.; Weller, Wayne F.; Wynn, Douglas. 1997. Historic and current amphibian and reptile distributions in the Island Region of Western Lake Erie. American Midland Naturalist 138(1):153-173 - get paper here
  • Klueh-Mundy, Sarabeth, Jason Mirtl, Carolyn Straiker and Harold Allison. 2016. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle). Herpetological Review 47 (2): 251-252
  • Köhler, G. 2000. Reptilien und Amphibien Mittelamerikas, Bd 1: Krokodile, Schildkröten, Echsen. Herpeton Verlag, Offenbach, 158 pp.
  • Krysko, K.K.; Enge, K.M.; Donlan, E.M.; Golden, E.Z.; Burgess, J.P. & Larson, K.W. 2009. THE NON-MARINE HERPETOFAUNA OF KEY BISCAYNE, FLORIDA. Herp. Cons. Biol. 5 (1):132-142 - get paper here
  • Largelamb, H. A. 1907. Notes on the remarkable habits of certain turtles and lizards. National Geographic 18(6):413-419
  • Lee, J. C. 2000. A field guide to the amphibians and reptiles of the Maya world. Cornell University Press, Ithaca,
  • Lescher, Timothy C.; Zuleyma Tang-Martínez, and Jeffrey T. Briggler 2012. Habitat Use by the Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii) and Eastern Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina) in Southeastern Missouri. The American Midland Naturalist Jan 2013, Vol. 169, No. 1: 86-96. - get paper here
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiæ. 10th Edition: 824 pp. - get paper here
  • Lönnberg, Einar 1894. Notes on reptiles and batrachians collected in Florida in 1892 and 1893. Proc. US Natl. Mus. 17 (1003): 317-339 - get paper here
  • Lourenço, João M.; Julien Claude, Nicolas Galtier, Ylenia Chiari 2011. Dating cryptodiran nodes: Origin and diversification of the turtle superfamily Testudinoidea. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (1): - get paper here
  • Love, B. 2008. Schildkröten in Schwierigkeiten. Reptilia (Münster) 13 (69): 16-17 - get paper here
  • Lovich, J.E. & Jaworski, T.R. 1988. Annotated checklist of Amphibians and Reptiles reported from Cedar Bog, Ohio. Ohio J. Sci. 88 (4): 139-143 - get paper here
  • Lovich, Jeffrey E.; Carl H. Ernst, Evelyn M. Ernst, and Julia L. Riley 2014. A 21-Year Study of Seasonal and Interspecific Variation of Hatchling Emergence in a Nearctic Freshwater Turtle Community: To Overwinter or Not To Overwinter? Herpetological Monographs, 28: 93-109
  • Medem, F. 1977. Contribucion al conocimiento sobre la taxonomia, distribucion geografica y ecologia de la tortuga "bache" (Chelydra serpentina acutirostris). Caldasia 12 (56): 41-101.
  • Mitchell, J. C. & Reay, K.K. 1999. Atlas of amphibians and reptiles in Virginia. Specialty Publication 1, VA Dept of Game and Fisheries, 122 pp. - get paper here
  • Mosimann, James E.;Bider, J. Roger 1960. Variation, sexual dimorphism, and maturity in a Quebec population of the common snapping turtle, Chelydra serpentina. Canadian Journal of Zoology 38: 19-38
  • Munscher, Eric C., Andrew D. Walde, Nicole Salvatico and Brian Bower. 2016. Chelydra serpentina (Snapping Turtle) State size record. Herpetological Review 47 (1): 121
  • Murphy, Chris. 2014. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 45 (3): 459
  • Nowak, Meerbusch Dirk. 2005. Das Gewachshaus als Großterrarium für Wasserschildkröten der gemäßigten Klimazonen - am Beispiel eines 12m großen Gewächshauses für drei Schnappschildkroten (Chelydra serpentina serpentina) in Nordrheein-Westfalen. Schildkröten im Fokus 2 (2): 31-34
  • Otten, Joshua G. and Terry J. VanDeWalle. 2014. Apalone spinifera (spiny softshell turtle), Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle), and Sternotherus odoratus (eastern musk turtle) homing behavior. Herpetological Review 45 (2): 309-311
  • Palmer, W.M. & Braswell, A.L. 1995. Reptiles of North Carolina. Univ. North Carolina Press
  • Parandhaman, Anjana, Ivana Mali and Michael R. J. Forstner. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 564
  • Peters, Wilhem Carl Hartwig 1862. Über einen neuen Phyllodactylus aus Guayaquil. Monatsber. königl. Akad. Wiss. Berlin. 1862 (November): 626-627 - get paper here
  • Reeves, Dan. 2012. Swamp Thing: How I learned to stop worrying and love Chelydra serpentina. The Canadian Herpetologist 2 (1): 10-11
  • Reynolds, Robert P.; Steve W. Gotte, and Carl H. Ernst 2007. Catalog of Type Specimens of Recent Crocodilia and Testudines in the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 626: 1-49 - get paper here
  • Rhoads, Samuel N. 1895. Contributions ot the zoology of Tennessee. No. 1, Amphibians and Reptiles. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1895: 376-407 - get paper here
  • Rieppel, O. 1993. Studies on skeleton formation in reptiles. Patterns of ossification in the skeleton of Chelydra serpentina (Reptilia, Testudines). J Zool.
  • Rieppel, O. 1993. Studies on Skeleton Formation in Reptiles - Patterns of Ossification in the Skeleton of Chelydra serpentina (Reptilia, Testudines). Journal of Zoology 231 ( Part 3): 487-509
  • Roh, Brian R. 1994. Chelydra serpentina serpentina (common snapping turtle). USA: Nebraska. Herpetological Review 25 (4): 162-163 - get paper here
  • Rollinson, Njal; Robert G. Farmer, Ronald J. Brooks 2012. Widespread reproductive variation in North American turtles: temperature, egg size and optimality. Zoology 115 (3): 160-169 - get paper here
  • Rose, Francis L. and Michael F. Small 2015. Population size, survivorship, density, and capture probability of Chelydra serpentina inhabiting an urban environment. The Southwestern Naturalist Sep 2014, Vol. 59, No. 3: 331-336. - get paper here
  • Saumure, Raymond A. 1996. Geographic Distribution. Chelydra serpentina serpentina. Herpetological Review 27 (3): 150 - get paper here
  • Say, T. 1824. On the fresh water and land Tortoises of the United States. J. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 4 (2): 203-219 - get paper here
  • Schmidt, D. 2009. Die Schnappschildkröte Chelydra serpentina. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 64 pp. - get paper here
  • Schweigger, A.F. 1812. Prodromus Monographia Cheloniorum auctore Schweigger. Königsberg. Arch. Naturwiss. Mathem., 1: 271-368, 406-458.
  • Shaw, George & Nodder, Frederick P. (Eds.) 1813. The Naturalist's Miscellany [...], Vol. XXIV. London, Nodder & Co., plates 1021-1064, 170 unnumbered pages [published in monthly issues between August 1, 1812, and July 1, 1813] - get paper here
  • Shoemaker, Christina M.; David Crews 2009. Analyzing the coordinated gene network underlying temperature-dependent sex determination in reptiles. Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology 20: 293–303 - get paper here
  • Smith, Hobart M.;Leonard, Arthur B. 1934. Distributional records of reptiles and amphibians in Oklahoma. American Midland Naturalist 15: 190-196 - get paper here
  • Stebbins,R.C. 1985. A Field Guide to Western Reptiles and Amphibians, 2nd ed. Houghton Mifflin, Boston
  • Stejneger, L. 1918. Description of a new Snapping turtle and a new lizard from Florida. Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington 31: 89-92 - get paper here
  • Steyermark, Anthony<br />C.; Michael S. Finkler, and Ronald J. Brooks (eds.) 2008. THE BIOLOGY OF THE [COMMON] SNAPPING TURTLE. Johns Hopkins University Press, 240 pp.
  • Strain, Gabriel F.; James T. Anderson, Edwin D. Michael, and Philip J. Turk 2012. Hibernacula Use and Hibernation Phenology in the Common Snapping Turtle (Chelydra serpentina) in Canaan Valley, West Virginia. Journal of Herpetology 46 (2): 269-274. - get paper here
  • Thomas, Travis M., Eric Suarez and Kevin M. Enge. 2015. New county records of reptiles from the Suwannee River, Florida, USA. Herpetological Review 46 (4): 608
  • Thomson, Robert C.; Andrew M. Shedlock, Scott V. Edwards and H. Bradley Shaffer 2008. Developing markers for multilocus phylogenetics in non-model organisms: A test case with turtles. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 49 (2): 514-525 - get paper here
  • Thornton, Okla W., Jr.;Smith, Jerry R. 1993. New county records of amphibians and reptiles from West-Central Texas. Herpetological Review 24 (1): 35-36 - get paper here
  • Truelock, Zach. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (4): 564
  • TTWG [Peter Paul van Dijk, John B. Iverson, Anders G.J. Rhodin, H. Bradley Shaffer, and Roger Bour] 2014. Turtles of the World, 7th Edition: Annotated Checklist of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution with Maps, and Conservation Status. 000.v7. Chelonian Research Monographs (ISSN 1088-7105) No. 5, doi:10.3854/crm.5.000.checklist.v7.2014 - get paper here
  • Vigle, G.O. 1978. AN ALBINO CHELYDRA SERPENTINA SERPENTINA CREPTILIA:TESTUDINES: CHELYDRIDAE) FROM OHIO. Herpetological Review 9 (2): 47 - get paper here
  • Villamizar-Gomez, Andrea, Ivana Mali, Shashwat Sirsi and Michael R. J. Forstner. 2015. Geographic Distribution: Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). Herpetological Review 46 (3): 381
  • Walker, DeEtte;Moler, Paul E.;Buhlmann, Kurt A.;Avise, John C. 1998. Phylogeographic uniformity in mitochondrial DNA of the snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina). Animal Conservation 1: 55-60
  • Weber, Andrew S. and James B. Layzer. 2014. Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle) interspecific basking. Herpetological Review 45 (1): 117
  • Werning, H. 2009. Florida - ein kleiner herpetologischer Reiseführer. Draco 10 (37): 4-23 - get paper here
  • Wilgers, D.J.; Horne, E.A.; Sandercock, B.K. & Volkmann, A.W. 2006. Effects of rangeland management on community dynamics of the herpetofauna of the Tall-grass Prairie [Flint Hills, Kansas/Oklahoma]. Herpetologica 62 (4): 378-388 - get paper here
  • Williams, E. E. 1959. Cervical ribs in turtles. Breviora (101): 1-13 - get paper here
  • Wilson, Allan K. 1994. Chelydra serpentina (snapping turtle). USA: Illinois. Herpetological Review 25 (1): 32 - get paper here
  • Wilson, D.S. et al. 2003. Estimating age of turtles from growth rings: a critical evaluation of the technique. Herpetologica 59 (2): 178-194 - get paper here
  • Zimmer-Shaffer, Stephanie A., Jeffrey T. Briggler, and Joshua J. Millspaugh 2014. Modeling the Effects of Commercial Harvest on Population Growth of River Turtles. Chelonian Conservation and Biology Dec 2014, Vol. 13, No. 2: 227-236. - get paper here
 
External links  
Is it interesting? Share with others:


Please submit feedback about this entry to the curator