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Chioninia fogoensis (O'SHAUGHNESSY, 1874)

IUCN Red List - Chioninia fogoensis - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaScincidae, Mabuyinae, Scincoidea, Sauria, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common Names 
SynonymEuprepes fogoensis O'SHAUGHNESSY 1874: 300
Mabuya fogoensis — MERTENS 1955: 13
Mabuya fogoensis antaoensis SCHLEICH 1987: 22
Mabuya geisthardti JOGER 1993
Mabuya fogoensis — GREER et al. 2000
Mabuya fogoensis — BREHM et al. 2001
Chioninia geisthardti — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Chioninia fogoensis — MAUSFELD et al. 2002
Chioninia fogoensis antaoensis — SINDACO et al. 2012 
DistributionCape Verde Islands (Santo Antão, Fogo, San Nicolau)

Type locality: Fogo, Sao Vicente, Cape Verde.

geisthardti: Cape Verde Islands; Type locality: Grande da Lagoa, NW of the Cova plateau, 10 km from the east coast of Sto. Antão, at 1200 m elevation [Cape Verde].  
Reproductionviviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH ?, designated by MIRALLES et al 2010.
Holotype: ZSM 23/1982/1 (given as ZSM 23.1982.1 in the original description) [antaoensis]
Holotype: MWNH (= HLMW) 3274 (fide JOGER 1993) [geisthardti] 
Diagnosis 
CommentNCBI taxonomy ID: 161961 (antaoensis)

Synonymy: Mabuya geisthardti was considered “possibly being conspecific” with Mabuya fogoensis antaoensis Schleich, 1987 and M. fogoensis (O’Shaugnessy, 1874) by Carranza et al. (2001). This was confirmed by Miralles et al. 2011. 
EtymologyEuprepes fogoensis was named after the type locality.
Mabuya geisthardti was named after the collector, Michael Geisthardt. 
References
  • Brehm, A.; J. Jesus; M. Pinheiro and D. J. Harris 2001. Relationships of Scincid Lizards (Mabuya spp; Reptilia: Scincidae) from the Cape Verde Islands Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 19 (2): 311–316 - get paper here
  • Carranza, S., E. N. Arnold, J. A. Mateo & L. F. López- Jurado 2001. Parallel gigantism and complex colonization patterns in the Cape Verde scincid lizards Mabuya and Macroscincus (Reptilia: Scincidae) revealed by mitochondrial DNA sequences. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268: 1595-1603 - get paper here
  • Greer, A.E., Arnold, C. & Arnold, E.N. 2000. The systematic significance of the number of presacral vertebrae in the scincid lizard genus Mabuya. Amphibia-Reptilia 21 (1): 121-126 - get paper here
  • Greer,A.E. 1976. Of the evolution of the giant Cape Verde scincid lizard Macroscincus coctei. Journal of Natural History 10: 691-712
  • Joger U 1993. On two collections of reptiles and amphibians from the Cape Verde Islands, with descriptions of three new taxa. COURIER FORSCHUNGSINSTITUT SENCKENBERG 159: 437-444
  • Köhler, G.; Hertz, A.; Sunyer, J.; Seipp, R. & Monteiro, A. 2007. Herpetologische Forschungen auf den Kapverden unter besonderer Berücksichtigung des Kapverdischen Riesenskinks, Macroscincus coctei. Elaphe 15 (4): 62-66
  • Köhler, J. & Güsten, R. 2007. Herpetological type specimens in the natural history collections of the museums in Darmstadt and Wiesbaden, Germany. Spixiana 30 (2): 275-288 - get paper here
  • Mausfeld, Patrick; Andreas SCHMITZ; Wolfgang BÖHME; Bernhard MISOF; Davor VRCIBRADIC; Carlos Frederico Duarte ROCHA 2002. Phylogenetic Affinities of Mabuya atlantica Schmidt, 1945, Endemic to the Atlantic Ocean Archipelago of Fernando de Noronha (Brazil): Necessity of Partitioning the Genus Mabuya Fitzinger, 1826 (Scincidae: Lygosominae). Zool. Anz. 241: 281–293
  • Mertens, R. 1955. Die Eidechsen der Kapverden. Soc. Sci. fenn. Comment. biol. 15: 1-16
  • Miralles, A.; Vasconcelos, R.; Perera, A.; Harris, D.J. & Carranza, S. 2010. An integrative taxonomic revision of the Cape Verdean skinks (Squamata, Scincidae). Zoologica Scripta 40: 16-44 [2011], DOI: 10.1111/j.1463-6409.2010.00453.x - get paper here
  • O’Shaughnessy,A.W.E. 1874. A description of a new species of Scincidae in the collection of the British Museum. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 13: 298-301 - get paper here
  • Schleich, H.H. 1987. Herpetofauna caboverdiana. Spixiana Suppl. (12) 75 pp. - get paper here
  • Sindaco, R., Metallinou, M., Pupin, F., Fasola, M. & Carranza, S. 2012. Forgotten in the ocean: systematics, biogeography and evolution of the Trachylepis skinks of the Socotra Archipelago. Zoologica Scripta
 
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