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Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825

IUCN Red List - Chlamydosaurus kingii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Common NamesE: Frilled Lizard, frillneck lizard
G: Kragenechse 
SynonymClamydosaurus [sic] kingii GRAY 1825: 197
Chlamydosaurus kingii — GRAY in KING 1827: 244 (nom. emend.)
Chlamydosaurus Kingii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 441
Chlamydosaurus kingii — BOULENGER 1885: 401
Chlamydosaurus kingi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 126
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 1983
Chlamydosaurus kingii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 42
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 2000: 305
Chlamydosaurus kingii — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Chlamydosaurus kingii mickpughi HOSER 2012
Chlamydosaurus kingii pughae HOSER 2012 
DistributionNew Guinea, Australia (North Territory, Queensland, West Australia)

Type locality: Australia. Restricted to Port Nelson, NW coast of Australia by Gray, 1826. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
TypesHolotype: presumably lost (fide COGGER 1983) 
CommentType species: Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825 is the type species of the genus Chlamydosaurus GRAY 1825.

Synonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by HOSER in or after 2000. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
  • Badger, D. & Netherton, J. 2002. LIZARDS: A NATURAL HISTORY OF SOME UNCOMMON CREATURES—EXTRAORDI- NARY CHAMELEONS, IGUANAS, GECKOS, AND MORE. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, Minnesota, ISBN 0-89658-520-4, 160 pp.
  • Beddard, F.E. 1905. A contribution to the anatomy of the frilled lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingi) and some other Agamidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1905: 9-22 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1895. Remarks on the falue of certain cranial characters employed by Prof. Cope for distinguishing lizards from snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16: 366-367 - get paper here
  • Broom, R. 1898. On the lizards of the Chillagoe District, N Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 22: 639-645 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1826. Reptilia. Appendix in: King, P. P. Narrative of a survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia performed between the years 1818 and 1822. London: John Murray 2: 424-434
  • Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annals of Philosophy, 10:193—217 - get paper here
  • Günther, R. & Kapisa, M. 2003. Allochtone Populationen der Kragenechse, Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825, und des Papua-Wasserdrachens, Lophognathus temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867), auf der Insel Biak. Sauria 25 (2): 31-35 - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & Bosch, H. 1997. Bartagamen und Kragenechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 95 pp. [review in Draco 5 (22): 87] - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, T. 2004. Ein echter Saurier im Terrarium: Die australische Kragenechse (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 68-73 - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, Thomas 2008. Die Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingii. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. [review in Elaphe 17 (1): 29] - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Two new subspecies of frill-necked lizards (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 14:24–26. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kent, W. Saville 1895. Observations on the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingi. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 712-719 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Merkling, Thomas; David G. Hamilton, Borbala Cser, Nina Svedin and Sarah R. Pryke 2016. Proximate mechanisms of colour variation in the frillneck lizard: geographical differences in pigment contents of an ornament. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 117 (3): 503–515; DOI: 10.1111/bij.12672 - get paper here
  • Merkling, Thomas; David G. Hamilton, Borbala Cser, Nina Svedin andSarah R. Pryke 2015. Proximate mechanisms of colour variation in the frillneck lizard: geographical differences in pigment contents of an ornament Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12672 - get paper here
  • Middleton, S.; Fitzgerald, A. & Pye, G. 1997. Captive breeding of the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society 9 (1):6-7
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1992. Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825, Haltung und Nachzucht der Australischen Kragenechse. Sauria 14 (1): 21-23 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1995. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung der Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingi. Elaphe 3 (3): 16-20
  • Ujvari, Beata & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Complete mitochondrial genome of the frillneck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii, Reptilia; Agamidae), another squamate with two control regions. Mitochondr ial DNA 19(5): 465–470
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2007. Mitochondrial DNA recombination in a free-ranging Australian lizard. Biology Letters 3: 189-192
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Population genetic structure, gene flow and sex-biased dispersal in frillneck lizards (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Molecular Ecology 17: 3557–3564
  • Werning, H. 2015. Jurassic World im Wohnzimmer. Mini-Dinos für das Terrarium Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
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