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Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825

IUCN Red List - Chlamydosaurus kingii - Least Concern, LC

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Higher TaxaAgamidae (Amphibolurinae), Sauria, Iguania, Squamata (lizards) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Frilled Lizard, frillneck lizard
G: Kragenechse 
SynonymClamydosaurus [sic] kingii GRAY 1825: 197
Chlamydosaurus kingii — GRAY in KING 1827: 244 (nom. emend.)
Chlamydosaurus Kingii — DUMÉRIL & BIBRON 1837: 441
Chlamydosaurus kingii — BOULENGER 1885: 401
Chlamydosaurus kingi — DE ROOIJ 1915: 126
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 1983
Chlamydosaurus kingii — MANTHEY & SCHUSTER 1999: 42
Chlamydosaurus kingii — COGGER 2000: 305
Chlamydosaurus kingii — WILSON & SWAN 2010
Chlamydosaurus kingii mickpughi HOSER 2012
Chlamydosaurus kingii pughae HOSER 2012 
DistributionNew Guinea, Australia (North Territory, Queensland, West Australia)

Type locality: Australia. Restricted to Port Nelson, NW coast of Australia by Gray, 1826. Map legend:
TDWG region - Region according to the TDWG standard, not a precise distribution map.

NOTE: TDWG regions are generated automatically from the text in the distribution field and not in every cases it works well. We are working on it.
 
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesHolotype: presumably lost (fide COGGER 1983) 
CommentType species: Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825 is the type species of the genus Chlamydosaurus GRAY 1825.

Synonymy: KAISER et al. 2013 rejected all names coined by HOSER in or after 2000.

Population structure: Pepper et al. 2016 showed 3 clearly genetically separated allopatric populations along the northern coast of Australia in this species. However, they did not name them as separate taxa. 
Etymologynamed after Captain and Admiral Philip Parker King (1791-1856), Australian-born British marine surveyor and collector. 
References
  • Badger, D. & Netherton, J. 2002. LIZARDS: A NATURAL HISTORY OF SOME UNCOMMON CREATURES—EXTRAORDI- NARY CHAMELEONS, IGUANAS, GECKOS, AND MORE. Voyageur Press, Stillwater, Minnesota, ISBN 0-89658-520-4, 160 pp.
  • Beddard, F.E. 1905. A contribution to the anatomy of the frilled lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingi) and some other Agamidae. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1905: 9-22 - get paper here
  • Bonetti, Mathilde 2002. 100 Sauri. Mondadori (Milano), 192 pp.
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Boulenger, George A. 1895. Remarks on the falue of certain cranial characters employed by Prof. Cope for distinguishing lizards from snakes. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 16: 366-367 - get paper here
  • Broom, R. 1898. On the lizards of the Chillagoe District, N Queensland. Proc. Linn. Soc. N. S. W. 22: 639-645 - get paper here
  • Cogger, H. G. 2014. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 7th ed. CSIRO Publishing, xxx + 1033 pp.
  • Cogger, H.G. 2000. Reptiles and Amphibians of Australia, 6th ed. Ralph Curtis Publishing, Sanibel Island, 808 pp.
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Duméril, A. M. C. and G. Bibron. 1837. Erpétologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol. 4. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 570 pp. - get paper here
  • Escoriza Boj, D. 2005. Australia. Reptiles and Amphibians, Part 2: Desert and tropical savanna. Reptilia (GB) (41): 52-57 - get paper here
  • Garman, S. 1901. Some reptiles and batrachians from Australasia. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 39: 1-14 - get paper here
  • Gray, J. E. 1826. Reptilia. Appendix in: King, P. P. Narrative of a survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia performed between the years 1818 and 1822. London: John Murray 2: 424-434
  • Gray, J.E. 1825. A synopsis of the genera of reptiles and Amphibia, with a description of some new species. Annals of Philosophy, 10:193—217 - get paper here
  • Günther, R. & Kapisa, M. 2003. Allochtone Populationen der Kragenechse, Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY, 1825, und des Papua-Wasserdrachens, Lophognathus temporalis (GÜNTHER, 1867), auf der Insel Biak. Sauria 25 (2): 31-35 - get paper here
  • Hauschild, A. & Bosch, H. 1997. Bartagamen und Kragenechsen. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 95 pp. [review in Draco 5 (22): 87] - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, T. 2004. Ein echter Saurier im Terrarium: Die australische Kragenechse (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Reptilia (Münster) 9 (50): 68-73 - get paper here
  • Hörenberg, Thomas 2008. Die Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingii. Natur und Tier Verlag, Münster, 64 pp. [review in Elaphe 17 (1): 29] - get paper here
  • Hoser, R.T. 2012. Two new subspecies of frill-necked lizards (Squamata: Sauria: Agamidae). Australasian J. Herpetol. 14:24–26. - get paper here
  • Kaiser, H.; Crother, B.I.; Kelly, C.M.R.; Luiselli, L.; O’Shea, M.; Ota, H.; Passos, P.; Schleip, W.D. & Wüster, W. 2013. Best Practices: In the 21st Century, Taxonomic Decisions in Herpetology are Acceptable Only When Supported by a Body of Evidence and Published via Peer-Review. Herpetological Review 44 (1): 8-23
  • Kent, W. Saville 1895. Observations on the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingi. Proc. zool. Soc. London 1895: 712-719 - get paper here
  • Macey, J. R., J. A. Schulte II, A. Larson, N. B. Ananjeva, Y. Wang, R. Pethiyagoda, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, T. J. Papenfuss 2000. Evaluating trans-Tethys migration: an example using acrodont lizard phylogenetics. Systematic Biology 49 (2): 233-256 - get paper here
  • Manthey,U. & SCHUSTER,N. 1999. Agamen, 2. Aufl. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 120 pp. - get paper here
  • Merkling, Thomas; David G. Hamilton, Borbala Cser, Nina Svedin andSarah R. Pryke 2015. Proximate mechanisms of colour variation in the frillneck lizard: geographical differences in pigment contents of an ornament Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, DOI: 10.1111/bij.12672 - get paper here
  • Middleton, S.; Fitzgerald, A. & Pye, G. 1997. Captive breeding of the Frilled Lizard, Chlamydosaurus kingii. Monitor: Journal of the Victorian Herpetological Society 9 (1):6-7
  • ORD, T. J.; D. A. KLOMP, J. GARCIA-PORTA & M. HAGMAN 2015. Repeated evolution of exaggerated dewlaps and other throat morphology in lizards. J. evol. Biol., doi: 10.1111/jeb.12709 - get paper here
  • Pepper, M., Hamilton, D.G., Merkling, T., Svedin, N., Cser, B., Catullo, R., Pryke, S.R., Scott Keogh, J., 2016. Phylogeographic structure across one of the largest intact tropical savannahs: Molecular and morphological analysis of Australia’s iconic frilled lizard Chlamydosaurus kingii. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 106: 217-227 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1992. Chlamydosaurus kingii GRAY 1825, Haltung und Nachzucht der Australischen Kragenechse. Sauria 14 (1): 21-23 - get paper here
  • Reisinger, M. 1995. Erfahrungen bei der Haltung und Vermehrung der Kragenechse Chlamydosaurus kingi. Elaphe 3 (3): 16-20
  • Ujvari, Beata & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Complete mitochondrial genome of the frillneck lizard (Chlamydosaurus kingii, Reptilia; Agamidae), another squamate with two control regions. Mitochondr ial DNA 19(5): 465–470
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2007. Mitochondrial DNA recombination in a free-ranging Australian lizard. Biology Letters 3: 189-192
  • Ujvari, Beata; Dowton, Mark & Madsen, Thomas 2008. Population genetic structure, gene flow and sex-biased dispersal in frillneck lizards (Chlamydosaurus kingii). Molecular Ecology 17: 3557–3564
  • Werning, H. 2015. Jurassic World im Wohnzimmer. Mini-Dinos für das Terrarium Reptilia (Münster) 20 (114): 26-37 - get paper here
  • Wilson, S. & Swan, G. 2010. A complete guide to reptiles of Australia, 3rd ed. Chatswood: New Holland, 558 pp.
 
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