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Chrysopelea taprobanica SMITH, 1943

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Higher TaxaColubridae, Ahaetuliinae, Colubroidea, Caenophidia, Alethinophidia, Serpentes, Squamata (snakes)
Common NamesE: Indian Flying Snake 
SynonymChrysopelea taprobanica SMITH 1943: 254
Chrysopelea taprobanica — DAS 1996: 55
Chrysopelea taprobanica — JANZEN et al. 2007
Chrysopelea taprobanica — WALLACH et al. 2014: 169 
DistributionN Sri Lanka, India (Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: Kanthali (= Kantalai), Ceylon.  
TypesHolotype: BMNH 1946.1.9.83 (orig. BMNH 1906.7.21.1), female (status unsure fide P. Campbell, pers. comm., March 2019). Other specimens: MCZ, NMW 
CommentDespite differences in scalation, C. taprobanica was considered only a colour variation of C. ornata before Smith’s description in 1943.

Habitat: fully arboreal (Harrington et al. 2018). 
  • Amberkar, P., Sathyapramodh, H. B., & Kumar, B. S. 2023. First record of the Sri Lankan Flying Snake, Chrysopelea taprobanica (Smith 1943), from Karnataka, India. Reptiles & Amphibians, 30(1), e18150-e18150 - get paper here
  • Constable, JOHN D. 1949. Reptiles from the Indian Peninsula in the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard 103: 59-160. - get paper here
  • Ganesh S.R., Bubesh Guptha 2021. Herpetological diversity in the Central Eastern Ghats, Peninsular India. Journal of Animal Diversity 3 (3): 18-44 - get paper here
  • Ganesh, S. R.; M. Arumugam 2016. Species Richness of Montane Herpetofauna of Southern Eastern Ghats, India: A Historical Resume and a Descriptive Checklist. Russ. J. Herpetol. 23 (1): 7-24 - get paper here
  • Guptha, Bubesh; Nimmakayala Venkata Sivaram Prasad, Simon T. Maddock, V. Deepak 2015. First record of Chrysopelea taprobanica Smith, 1943 (Squamata: Colubridae) from India. Check List 11 (1): 1523 - get paper here
  • Harrington, Sean M; Jordyn M de Haan, Lindsey Shapiro, Sara Ruane 2018. Habits and characteristics of arboreal snakes worldwide: arboreality constrains body size but does not affect lineage diversification. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 125 (1): 61–71 - get paper here
  • Janzen, P.; Klaas, P. & Ziesmann, S. 2007. Sri Lankas Schlangenfauna. Draco 7 (30): 56-64 - get paper here
  • Kalaimani, A., Kumar, M. S., & Kumaran, S. 2023. Distribution of the Sri Lankan Flying Snake, Chrysopelea taprobanica Smith 1943, in southern India. Reptiles & Amphibians 30 (1): e18102 - get paper here
  • Karunarathna, Suranjan D. M. S. and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2011. A PRELIMINARY SURVEY OF THE REPTILE FAUNA IN NILGALA FOREST AND ITS VICINITY, MONARAGALA DISTRICT, SRI LANKA. Taprobanica 3 (2): 69-76 - get paper here
  • Narayanan, Surya; Naveen Joseph , Ranjith Kumar , and Arul Vengatesan 2017. Occurrence of the Sri Lankan Flying Snake Chrysopelea cf. taprobanica (Smith 1943) in Tamil Nadu, India. IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians 24 (1): 58-60 - get paper here
  • Pyron, R. Alexander; H.K. Dushantha Kandambi, Catriona R. Hendry, Vishan Pushpamal, Frank T. Burbrink, Ruchira Somaweera 2013. Genus-level phylogeny of snakes reveals the origins of species richness in Sri Lanka. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66 (3): 969-978 - get paper here
  • Smith, M.A. 1943. The Fauna of British India, Ceylon and Burma, Including the Whole of the Indo-Chinese Sub-Region. Reptilia and Amphibia. 3 (Serpentes). Taylor and Francis, London. 583 pp.
  • SOMAWEERA, RUCHIRA; DAVI LIMA PANTOJA & V. DEEPAK 2015. Forgotten records of Chrysopelea taprobanica Smith, 1943 (Squamata: Colubridae) from India. Zootaxa 3947 (4): 597–600 - get paper here
  • Wallach, Van; Kenneth L. Williams , Jeff Boundy 2014. Snakes of the World: A Catalogue of Living and Extinct Species. [type catalogue] Taylor and Francis, CRC Press, 1237 pp.
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