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Cnemaspis dezwaani DAS, 2005

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis dezwaani DAS 2005
Cnemaspis dezwaani — TEYNIÉ et al. 2010
Cnemaspis dezwaani — ISKANDAR et al. 2017 
DistributionIndonesia (Lelewua, off Sumatra)

Type locality: Lelewua (spelt Lelenaea in the past, 01° 13’N; 97° 34’E; elevation 360 m ASL), Sumatera Utara Propinsi, Republic of Indonesia  
TypesHolotype: ZMA.RENA 11988.1 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Cnemaspis dezwaani differs from all other Southeast Asian diminutive Cnemaspis in having the unique combination of a maximum SVL of 31.3 mm; each postmental bounded by four scales; dorsal scales keeled; four spine-like tubercles on flank; gular scales keeled; pectoral scales and abdominal scales keeled; ventral scales of thigh keeled; 8–12 precloacal pores; 3 or 4 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals keeled, scales on median row enlarged and keeled; 5–7 supralabials; 16–19 lamellae under fourth toe.
Cnemaspis dezwaani is most similar to C. aceh, but it can be distinguished from this species (characters in parentheses) by having four (six) spine-like tubercles on flank, and dark brown marblings present on either side of the vertebral stripe (no marblings on dorsum). [Iskandar et al. 2017] 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type locality (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyNamed after Johannes Pieter Kleiweg de Zwaan (1875–1971), a Dutch professor of anthropology at Amsterdam University, and collector of the type specimen. 
  • Beolens, Bo; Michael Watkins, and Michael Grayson 2011. The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, USA - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2005. Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39 (2): 233–247 - get paper here
  • Grismer, J.L.; Grismer, L.L. & Chav T. 2010. New Species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Southwestern Cambodia. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 28–36 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn; Nasir, N. & Sumontha, M. 2008. A new species of karst dwelling gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from the border region of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1875: 51–68 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. & Das, I. 2006. A new species of gekkonid lizard of the genus Cnemaspis STRAUCH 1887 from Pulau Pemanggil, Johor, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 1-7 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. & Ngo, V.T. 2007. Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500 - get paper here
  • Iskandar, Djoko T.; Jimmy A. McGuire, and A. A. Thasun Amarasinghe 2017. Description of Five New Day Geckos of Cnemaspis kandiana Group (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Sumatra and Mentawai Archipelago, Indonesia. Journal of Herpetology 51 (1): 142-153 - get paper here
  • LEE, JUSTIN L.; ARYEH H. MILLER, GEORGE R. ZUG, DANIEL G. MULCAHY 2019. The discovery of Rock Geckos Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) in the Tanintharyi Region, Myanmar with the description of two new species. Zootaxa 4661 (1): 040–064 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • TEYNIÉ, ALEXANDRE; PATRICK DAVID, & ANNEMARIE OHLER 2010. Note on a collection of Amphibians and Reptiles from Western Sumatra (Indonesia), with the description of a new species of the genus Bufo. Zootaxa 2416: 1–43 - get paper here
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