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Cnemaspis girii MIRZA, PAL, BHOSALE & SANAP, 2014

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Giri’s Day Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis girii MIRZA, PAL, BHOSALE & SANAP 2014 
DistributionIndia (Maharashtra)

Type locality: INDIA, Maharashtra, Satara district, Kass plateau (17°43'25.57"N, 73°49'9.44"E, elevation 1,203 m.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: BNHS = BNHM 2299, adult male, collected by Harshal Bhosale & Zeeshan Mirza, 25 January 2013. Paratypes: male BNHS 2079 H. Bhosale and N. Chandak, female BNHS 2078 collected by H. Bhosale and N. Chandak, male BNHS 2081 collected by A. Shaikh, female BNHS 2080 collected by S. Chikane. All specimens collected on 29 July 2010,three males CESL 856–858, 1 female CESL 855, collected by Harshal Bhosale & Zeeshan Mirza, 25 January 2013. Locality data same as for holotype. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A small sized Cnemaspis, SVL less than 35 mm (21.52–33.65, n=9). Dorsal scales on trunk heterogeneous, granular scales intermixed with large smooth scales and large keeled conical tubercles. Paired postmentals, inner postmentals separated by a single enlarged chin shield. Spine-like tubercles absent on flank. Ventral scales on trunk smooth, imbricate, 26–28 scales across the belly between the lowest rows of dorsal scales. Subdigital scansors smooth, entire, unnotched; lamellae under digit IV of pes 17–20. Males with four femoral pores on each side and no pre-cloacal pores. Original tail sub-cylindrical, with 6 rows of large (much larger than those on the dorsum), posteriorly pointed in males dorsal tubercles; median row of sub-caudals smooth, imbricate and not enlarged.
Cnemaspis girii sp. nov. may be distinguished from all other peninsular Indian congeners on the basis of the following differing or non-overlapping characters: spine-like tubercles absent on flank [spine-like tubercles present on flank in C. goaensis (Sharma), C. indraneildasii, C. jerdonii (Theobald), C. littoralis, C. monticola (Manamendra-Arachchi, Batuwita & Pethiyagoda), C. mysoriensis, C. nilagirica (Manamendra-Arachchi, Batuwita & Pethiyagoda)]; scales on dorsal aspect of trunk heterogeneous [scales homogenous in C. boiei (Gray), C. indica (Gray), C. jerdonii, C. kolhapurensis, C. littoralis, C. mysoriensis, C. nilagirica]; tail with smooth imbricate median row of sub-caudals scales not enlarged [smooth enlarged median row of sub-caudals in C. boiei, C. goaensis, C. gracilis (Beddome), C. heteropholis (Bauer), C. indica, C. jerdonii, C. kolhapurensis, C. nairi (Inger, Marx & Koshy), C. nilagirica, C. ornata (Beddome), C. sisparensis (Theobald), C. wynadensis (Beddome)]; C. monticola intermixed with keeded subcaudals, C. australis (Manamendra-Arachchi, Batuwita & Pethiyagoda) with keeled sub-caudals); males with 4 femoral pores on each side (femoral pores absent where as pre-cloacal pores present in C. beddomei (Theobald), C. nairi, C. ornata; males with pre-cloacal as well as femoral pores: C. australis, C. goaensis, C. gracilis, C. mysoriensis, C. otai (Das & Bauer), C. yercaudensis (Das & Bauer); pores absent in both sexes of C. boiei; males with femoral pores 6 in C. heteropholis, 5 in C. indica, 8 in C. jerdonii,14–18 femoral pores in C. littoralis,7–8 in C. sisparensis, 4-6 in C. wynadensis. For comparison with Sri Lankan Cnemaspis refer to Manamendra-Arachchi et al. (2007) 
CommentAbundance: only known from its original description (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a patronym, honouring Dr. Varad Giri of Bombay Natural History Society for his immense contribution to Indian herpetology and continued support to the authors. 
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY & ISHAN AGARWAL 2019. Two more new species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 4656 (1): 043–070 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • MIRZA, ZEESHAN A.; SAUNAK PAL, HARSHAL S. BHOSALE & RAJESH V. SANAP 2014. A new species of gecko of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from the Western Ghats, India. Zootaxa 3815 (4): 494–506 - get paper here
  • Sayyed A, Pyron RA, Dileepkumar R. 2018. Four new species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 12(2) [General Section]: 1–29 (e157) - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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