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Cnemaspis goaensis SHARMA, 1976

IUCN Red List - Cnemaspis goaensis - Endangered, EN

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Goan Day Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis goaensis SHARMA 1976: 152
Cnemaspis goaensis — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) goaensis — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Cnemaspis indraneildasii BAUER 2002: 156
Cnemaspis indraneildasii — MANAMENDRA-ARACHCHI et al. 2007
Cnemaspis goaensis — KHANDEKAR et al. 2021 
DistributionIndia (Goa)

Type locality: ca. 3 km S. of Forest Rest House, Canacona (Poinguinim), Goa” (south-western India).

indraneildasii: India (Gund, Uttara Kannada); Type locality: North Kanara, Karnataka State 915° 10’ N, 74° 40’ E)  
TypesHolotype: ZSI 22100, paratypes: ZSI 22213–22216
Holotype: ZMH R06125, subadult female [indraneildasii] 
DiagnosisDiagnosis. Cnemaspis goaensis differs from its peninsular Indian and Sri Lankan congeners by a combination of the following characters. Maximum SVL 28.3 mm; paired postmentals separated by a medial scale; each postmental bounded by 3 scales including medial scale; dorsal scales heterogeneous mixed with large keeled tubercles; gulars weakly carinate; other ventral scales smooth, imbricate; 3 preanal pores and 2–4 femoral pores on each side; subcaudals slightly enlarged; supralabials to angle of jaws, 8; subdigital lamellae on digit IV of pes, 16.

Diagnosis. A small-sized Cnemaspis, snout to vent length less than 34 mm. Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous; weakly keeled, granular scales in the vertebral and paravertebral region with a few scattered, enlarged, keeled tubercles, intermixed with about three or four irregularly arranged rows of large, keeled tubercles on each side of flank, tubercles in lowest row largest and spine-like, 6–8 rows of dorsal tubercles at mid-body; ventral scales on belly smooth, imbricate, scales on gular and pectoral region smooth or weakly carinate, 27–32 scales across belly, 111–126 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca; subdigital scansors smooth, entire, unnotched, 10–12 lamellae under digit I of manus and pes, 14–17 lamellae under digit IV of manus and 17–21 lamellae under digit IV of pes; males with three or four femoral pores on each thigh separated on either side by 8–12 poreless scales from a continuous series of two or three precloacal pores; tail with enlarged, strongly keeled, distinctly pointed, conical tubercles forming whorls; a median row of sub-caudal scales slightly enlarged, smooth only at anterior half of the tail, rest strongly keeled (Khandekar et al. 2021). 
CommentSynonymy: Khandekar et al. 2019 synonymized Cnemaspis indraneildasii with C. goaensis based on identical genetic data. This was confirmed by Khandekar et al. 2021.

NCBI taxonID: 1938933 [indraneildasii] 
EtymologyNamed after the type locality.

C. indraneildasii was named after Indian herpetologist Indraneil Das. 
  • Aengals, R.; V.M. Sathish Kumar & Muhamed Jafer Palot 2013. Updated Checklist of Indian Reptiles. Privately published, 24 pp.
  • Bauer, A.M. 2002. Two new species of Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Gund, Uttara Kannada, India. Mitt. Hamburg. Zool. Mus. Inst. 99: 155-167
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; NIKHIL GAITONDE, ISHAN AGARWAL 2019. Two new Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Shevaroy massif, Tamil Nadu, India, with a preliminary ND2 phylogeny of Indian Cnemaspis. Zootaxa 4609 (1): 68-100 - get paper here
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY & ISHAN AGARWAL 2019. Two more new species of Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 4656 (1): 043–070 - get paper here
  • KHANDEKAR, AKSHAY; TEJAS THACKERAY, ISHAN AGARWAL 2021. A novel small-bodied rupicolous Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India, with comments on the status of C. indraneildasii, Bauer 2000. Zootaxa 4969: 331–350 - get paper here
  • Manamendra-Arachchi, Kelum; Batuwita, Sudesh & Pethiyagoda, Rohan 2007. A taxonomic revision of the Sri Lankan day-geckos (Reptilia: Gekkonidae: Cnemaspis), with description of new species from Sri Lanka and southern India. Zeylanica 7 (1): 9-122
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Sayyed A, Pyron RA, Dileepkumar R. 2018. Four new species of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, (Sauria: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, India. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation 12(2) [General Section]: 1–29 (e157) - get paper here
  • SAYYED, A. & SULAKHE, S. 2020. A new Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India. Zootaxa 4885 (1): 83-98 - get paper here
  • Sharma, R. C. 1976. Records of the reptiles of Goa. Records Zool. Survey India 71 (1975): 149-167. - get paper here
  • Venugopal, P.D. 2010. An updated and annotated list of Indian lizards (Reptilia: Sauria) based on a review of distribution records and checklists of Indian reptiles. Journal of Threatened Taxa 2 (3): 725-738. - get paper here
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