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Cnemaspis graniticola AGARWAL, THACKERAY, PAL & KHANDEKAR, 2020

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Granite dwarf gecko or Horsley dwarf gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis graniticola AGARWAL, THACKERAY, PAL & KHANDEKAR 2020: 16 
DistributionIndia (Andhra Pradesh)

Type locality: Horsley Hills (13.645 N, 78.403 E; ca. 1,140 m asl.), Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India.  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2588 (CESL 838) SVL 40.4 mm, adult malefrom Horsley Hills (13.645 N, 78.403 E; ca. 1,140 m asl.), Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh, India, collected by Ishan Agarwal and Saunak Pal on 23 June 2013.
Paratypes: BNHS 2590 (CESL 840) SVL 41.3 mm, BNHS 2592 (CESL 843) SVL 39.4 mm, adult males, BNHS 2591 (CESL 841) SVL 27.6 mm, subadult male, BNHS 2589 (CESL 839) SVL 38 mm, adult female, same data as holotype.
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized Cnemaspis, snout–vent length up to 41 mm. Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, weakly keeled, granular scales intermixed with large, strongly keeled, conical tubercles; seven or eight longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles, 12–15 tubercles in paravertebral rows; spine-like scales absent on flank. Ventral scales on belly smooth, imbricate, 22–24 scales across the belly, 115–121 longitudinal scales between mental to anterior border of cloaca. Subdigital scansors smooth, entire, unnotched; lamellae under digit IV of pes 23–25. Males with three femoral pores on each thigh, separated on either side by eight or nine poreless scales from continuous series of four precloacal pores. Median row of subcaudals smooth, enlarged. Single central black ocellus on nape, tail tip pale orange in juveniles, gular region with pair of dark streaks. 
CommentHabitat: The new species was encountered only on large granite boulders in a partially shaded patch of hill forest (Figure 11b), with activity going down by about 1,130–1,200 as it got warmer. By midafternoon only one or two animals were just visible, deep inside crevices.

Sympatry: Cyrtodactylus rishivalleyensis, Hemidactylus frenatus, Eutropis carinata, Ophisops leschenaultii and Calotes versicolor. 
EtymologyThe species is named for the granite rock formations upon which it lives. 
  • Agarwal I, Thackeray T, Pal S, Khandekar A. 2020. Granite boulders act as deep-time climate refugia: A Miocene divergent clade of rupicolous Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the Mysore Plateau, India, with descriptions of three new species. J Zool Syst Evol Res. 00:1–28 - get paper here
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; TEJAS THACKERAY, AKSHAY KHANDEKAR 2021. A new medium-sized rupicolous Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the C. bangara clade from granite boulder habitats in Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India. Zootaxa 4969: 351–366 - get paper here
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