Cnemaspis kandiana (KELAART, 1852)
Can you confirm these amateur observations of Cnemaspis kandiana?
|Higher Taxa||Gekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)|
|Common Names||E: Kandy Day Gecko, Kandy Rock Gecko|
|Synonym||Gymnodactylus kandianus KELAART 1852: 186|
Gymnodactylus malabaricus JERDON 1854: 469
Gymnodactylus kandianus — FERGUSON 1877: 12
Gonatodes kandianus — BOULENGER 1885: 68
Gonatodes kandianus — DE ROOIJ 1915: 23
Gymnodactylus humei THEOBALD 1876: 89
Cnemaspis kandiana — SMITH 1935: 73
Cnemaspis tropidogaster BOULENGER 1885 (fide WERMUTH 1965)
Cnemaspis kandiana — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis kandiana — RÖSLER 1995: 103
Cnemaspis kandianus — COX et al. 1998: 90
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) kandiana — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Cnemaspis kandiana — DE SILVA et al. 2000
Cnemaspis aff. kandiana — RÖSLER 2017
|Distribution||Sri Lanka (see comments)|
Type locality: Mountains of Kandy, Sri Lanka.
|Types||Lectotype: BMNH 18.104.22.168, designated by Manamendra-Arachchi et al. 2007. Original syntypes: BMNH 22.214.171.1246, 126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52 (syntypes in NMSL fide MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA 2007 but invalidated by Pethiyagoda 2007).|
|Diagnosis||Diagnosis: A small-sized Cnemaspis (snout to vent length 28–30 mm in an adult males), which can be distinguished from all known congeners by the following combination of characters: Postmentals separated by a small scale; nostrils are not in contact with first supralabial; six supra labials to angle of mid-orbit position and end of jaw at 8–9 supra labials; 28 interorbitals; throat scales smooth, intermixed with keels; 62–64 dorsal tubercles; dorsal tubercles small, carinated, rarely intermixed with trihedrals, rounded, pentagonal or hexagonal; spine-like tubercles present on flanks; larger scales on the lower part of flank; ventral tibia weakly keeled; gular scales keeled; midventrals 22–24; ventral smooth and imbricate; mid subcaudals keeled; 3 preanal pores; 4–5 femoral pores on each side; 10–12 subdigital lamellae and 4 basal lamellae in the 4th finger; 11– 12 subdigital lamellae and 5–6 basal lamellae in the 4th toe.|
Original description in Amarasinghe et al. 2009.
|Comment||Synonymy mainly after KLUGE 1993. Some authors (like DERANIYAGALA 1953) distinguish three subspecies: kandiana, gracilis, tropidogaster. Cnemaspis mysoriensis has been revalidated from the synonymy of C. kandiana.|
Many populations previously associated with C. kandiana have now been relegated to other species. Thus its distribution has been restricted to Sri Lanka (see DAS 2005 and MENDIS WICKRAMASINGHE & MUNINDRADASA 2007 for details).
C. kandiana is congener very closely with C. kumarasinghei sp. nov. and also with C. retigalensis sp. nov. from morphological characters. However, C. kandiana can easily be distinguished from both by having keels in gula scales, and from C. kumarasinghei by midventral and subcaudal scale counts and finger distal sub-digital formula and from C. retigalensis by the absence of preanal pores, interorbital and temporal counts, and also from morphometric analysis.
Group: The kandianus group within Cnemaspis (7 species: Cnemaspis kandiana, C. amith, C. kallima, C. kumarasinghei, C. latha, C. menikay and C. retigalensis), is characterized by the presence of both femoral and precloacal pores, mid subcaudal scales large, and smooth abdominal scales.
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