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Cnemaspis kendallii (GRAY, 1845)

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos) 
Subspecies 
Common NamesE: Kendall's Rock Gecko
G: Kendalls Dünnfingergecko 
SynonymHeteronota kendallii GRAY 1845: 174
Gonatodes kendallii — BOULENGER 1885: 63
Gonatodes affinis — SHELFORD 1901:49
Gonatodes kendallii — DE ROOIJ 1915: 25
Cnemaspis kendallii — SMITH 1930: 16
Cnemaspis kendallii — HENDRICKSON 1966: 55
Cnemaspis kendallii — GRANDISON 1972: 80
Cnemaspis kendallii — KLUGE 1993
Cnemaspis kendallii — RÖSLER 1995: 104
Cnemaspis kendallii — MANTHEY & GROSSMANN 1997: 212
Cnemaspis (Cnemaspis) kendallii — RÖSLER 2000: 62
Cnemaspis kendallii — GRISMER 2011
Cnemaspis cf. kendallii — KOCH & SCHULZ 2014
Cnemaspis kendallii — GRISMER et al. 2014: 107 
DistributionMalaysian Peninsula, Pahang, Selangor, Johor: Pulau Tioman, Pulau Sibu; Singapore,
Indonesia (Borneo, Pulau Sian, Anambas, Natuna, Pulau, Tiom)

Type locality: Borneo (02°34.44 N, 104°19.53 E) at 100 m elevation.  
Reproductionoviparous 
TypesLectotype: BMNH XXII.92a (designated by DRING 1979). 
CommentDistribution: Erroneously reported from India. Not listed for New Zealand by DAUGHERTY et al. (1994).

Synonymy: DRING (1979) included C. mysoriensis in the synonymy of C. kendalli (it is treated as a synonym of C. kandiana here).

Diagnosis. Maximum SVL 58.4 mm; 10 or 11 supralabials; eight or nine infralabials; keeled ventral scales; no precloacal pores; 18–26 paravertebral tubercles; body tubercles semi-linearly arranged, weak to present on flanks, tubercles absent from lateral caudal furrows; ventrolateral and lateral row of caudal tubercles present; caudal tubercles encircle tail; subcaudals keeled with no enlarged median row; two postcloacal tubercles on each side of tail base; no enlarged femoral, subtibial or submetatarsal scales; subtibials keeled; 25–33 subdigital fourth toe lamellae; distinct black and white caudal bands on posterior portion of tail; subcaudal region immaculate white (Tables 6,7 in GRISMER et al. 2014). 
References
  • Boulenger, G.A. 1885. Catalogue of the Lizards in the British Museum (Nat. Hist.) I. Geckonidae, Eublepharidae, Uroplatidae, Pygopodidae, Agamidae. London: 450 pp. - get paper here
  • Cooper Jr., W.E. 2005. Duration of movement as a lizard foraging movement variable. Herpetologica 61 (4): 363-372 - get paper here
  • Das , I. 2004. Lizards of Borneo. Natural History Publications, Kota Kinabalu, Borneo
  • Das I 1994. Cnemaspis gordongekkoi, a new gecko from Lombok, Indonesia, and the biogeography of oriental species of Cnemaspis (Squamata: Sauria: Gekkonidae). Hamadryad 18: 1-9 [1993] - get paper here
  • Das, I. 2005. Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39 (2): 233–247 - get paper here
  • Das, I. & Grismer, L.L. 2003. Two new species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata, Gekkonidae) from the Seribuat Archipelago, Pahang and Johor States, West Malaysia. Herpetologica 59 (4): 544-552 - get paper here
  • Das,I. & A. M. BAUER 1998. Systematics and biogeography of Bornean geckos of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), with the description of a new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 46 (1): 11-28. - get paper here
  • de Rooij, N. de 1915. The Reptiles of the Indo-Australian Archipelago. I. Lacertilia, Chelonia, Emydosauria. Leiden (E. J. Brill), xiv + 384 pp.
  • Dring J C M 1979. Amphibians and reptiles from northern Trengganu, Malaysia, with descriptions of two new geckos: Cnemaspis and Cyrtodactylus. Bulletin of the British Museum (NATURAL HISTORY) ZOOLOGY 34 (5): 181-241 - get paper here
  • Grandison, A.G.C. 1972. The Gunong Benom Expedition 1967. 5. Reptiles and amphibians of Gunong Benom with a description of a new species of Macrocalamus. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), London, 23: 45-101.
  • Gray, J. E. 1845. Catalogue of the specimens of lizards in the collection of the British Museum. Trustees of die British Museum/Edward Newman, London: xxvii + 289 pp. - get paper here
  • Grismer, J.L.; Grismer, L.L. & Chav T. 2010. New Species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Southwestern Cambodia. Journal of Herpetology 44 (1): 28–36 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee & Chan K. Onn 2008. A new species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Pulau Perhentian Besar, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1771: 1–15 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L. Lee; Chan K. Onn; Nasir, N. & Sumontha, M. 2008. A new species of karst dwelling gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from the border region of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1875: 51–68 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; MONTRI SUMONTHA, MICHAEL COTA, JESSE L. GRISMER, PERRY L. WOOD, JR., OLIVIER S. G. PAUWELS & KIRATI KUNYA 2010. A revision and redescription of the rock gecko Cnemaspis siamensis (Taylor 1925) (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Thailand with descriptions of seven new species. Zootaxa 2576: 1–55 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; NORHAYATI AHMAD, CHAN KIN ONN, DAICUS BELABUT, MUIN, M. A., PERRY L. WOOD, JR, & JESSE L. GRISMER 2009. Two new diminutive species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2019: 40-56 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY JR L. WOOD, SHAHRUL ANUAR, AWAL RIYANTO, NORHAYATI AHMAD, MOHD A. MUIN, MONTRI SUMONTHA, JESSE L. GRISMER, CHAN KIN ONN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, OLIVIER S. A. PAUWELS 2014. Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880 (1): 001–147 - get paper here
  • GRISMER, L. LEE; PERRY L. WOOD, JR., AMIRRUDIN B. AHMAD, ALEXANDRA S.-I. SUMARLI, JESSIKA J. VAZQUEZ, LUKMAN H. B. ISMAIL, RONALD NANCE, MUHAMMAD AFIF B. MOHD-AMIN, MOHAMAD N. A. B. OTHMAN, SYED A. RIZAIJESSIKA, MARIA KUSS, MATTHEW MURDOCH, ANTHONY C 2014. A new species of insular Rock Gecko (Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) from the Bidong Archipelago, Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3755 (5): 447–456 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Amphibians and reptiles of the Seribuat Archipelago. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 239 pp.
  • Grismer, L.L. 2011. Lizards of Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore and their adjacent archipelagos. Edition Chimaira, Frankfurt, 728 pp. [review in Herp. Rev. 43: 155] - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L. & Das, I. 2006. A new species of gekkonid lizard of the genus Cnemaspis STRAUCH 1887 from Pulau Pemanggil, Johor, West Malaysia. Herpetological Natural History 10 (1): 1-7
  • Grismer, L.L. & Ngo, V.T. 2007. Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; Grismer, J.L.; Wood Jr., P.L.; Chan K. Onn 2008. The distribution, taxonomy, and redescription of the geckos Cnemaspis affinis (Stoliczka 1887) and C. flavolineata (Nicholls 1949) with descriptions of a new montane species and two new lowland, karst- dwelling species from Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 1931: 1–24 - get paper here
  • Hendrickson,J.R. 1966. Observations on the fauna of Pulau Tioman and Pulau Tulai. 5. The Reptiles. Bull. Nat. Mus. Singapore 34: 53-71
  • KOCH, André; Sebastian SCHULZ 2014. First Record of the Gekkonid Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 from Gunung Mulu National Park, Northern Sarawak, East Malaysia may Represent an Undescribed Species. Asian Herpetological Research 5 (3): 209–212 - get paper here
  • KURITA, TAKAKI; KANTO NISHIKAWA, MASAFUMI MATSUI, TSUTOMU HIKIDA 2017. A new species of Rock Gecko genus Cnemaspis (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Western Sarawak, Malaysia. Zootaxa 4258 (6): 525–538 - get paper here
  • Lim, K.K.P. & Ng, H.H. 1999. The terrestrial herpetofauna of Pulau Tioman, Peninsular Malaysia. Raffles Bull. Zool., Suppl. No. 6: 131-155 - get paper here
  • Manthey, U. & Grossmann, W. 1997. Amphibien & Reptilien Südostasiens. Natur und Tier Verlag (Münster), 512 pp. - get paper here
  • Onn, Chan Kin; Mohd. Shahfiz Azman, Nor Azlin and Pan Khang Aun 2009. Additions to the Herpetofauna of Pasoh Forest Reserve, Negeri Sembilan, Peninsular Malaysia. Tropical Life Sciences Research, 20(1): 71–80 - get paper here
  • Rösler, H. 2000. Kommentierte Liste der rezent, subrezent und fossil bekannten Geckotaxa (Reptilia: Gekkonomorpha). Gekkota 2: 28-153
  • Rösler, Herbert 1995. Geckos der Welt - Alle Gattungen. Urania, Leipzig, 256 pp.
  • Smith,M.A. 1930. The Reptilia and Amphibia of the Malay Peninsula fromt he Isthmus of Kra to Singapore, including the adjacent Islands. A Supplement to G.A. Boulenger’s Reptilia and Batrachia 1912. Bull. Raffles Mus. No. 3: 1-149
  • Teo, R.C.H. & Rajathurai, S. 1997. Mammals, reptiles and amphibians in the Nature Reserves of Singapore - diversity, abundance and distribution. Proc. Nature Reserves Survey Seminar. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 49: 353-425
  • WOOD, PERRY JR. L.; EVAN S.H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR M.S., MOHD ABDUL MUIN 2013. A new species of lowland karst dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northwestern Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3691 (5): 538–558 - get paper here
  • Wood, Perry L.; Hinrich Kaiser; Stephany<br />Looper; Timothy M. Youmans; Jesse L.<br />Grismer and L. Lee Grismer 2004. A first report on the herpetofauna of Pulau Besar, Johor, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 106-109 - get paper here
  • Wood, Perry L.; Timothy M. Youmans,<br />Jesse L. Grismer, Jonathan Wheatley, Steven Wright, Cindy Valdivia, Armando Ponce, Linda Escobar, Suzannah Amin, Porshia Baker, Joanna Bernard, Stephany Looper, Nicholas Marsh, Linette Martin, Nicole Padilla, 2004. First report of the herpetofauna of Pulau Sibu, Johor, West Malaysia. Hamadryad 28 (1&2): 116-119 - get paper here
 
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