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Cnemaspis krishnagiriensis AGARWAL, THACKERAY & KHANDEKAR, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Krishnagiri dwarf gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis krishnagiriensis AGARWAL, THACKERAY & KHANDEKAR 2021 
DistributionIndia (Tamil Nadu)

Type locality: from behind Kugai Periya Mariamman Temple, near Krishnagiri fort, (12.544, 78.224 ca. 550 m asl.), Krishnagiri District, Tamil Nadu, India.  
TypesHolotype: NRC-AA-1120 (AK 896), SVL 40 mm, adult male.
Paratypes: NRC-AA-1121 (AK 897) SVL 39.5 mm, adult female; BNHS 2798 (AK 898) SVL 27.2 mm, sub-adult female. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A medium-sized Cnemaspis, maximum SVL 40 mm (n=3). Dorsal pholidosis heterogeneous, weakly keeled, granular scales intermixed with large, strongly keeled, conical tubercles, seven or eight longitudinal rows of dorsal tubercles, 13 or 14 tubercles in paravertebral rows, spine-like tubercles absent on flank; ventral scales on belly smooth, imbricate, 23–25 scales across the belly, 120–123 longitudinal scales between mental to anterior border of cloaca; subdigital scansors smooth, mostly entire, unnotched, lamellae under digit IV of pes 22–25; male with four femoral pores on each thigh, separated on either side by nine or 10 poreless scales from a continuous series of three precloacal pores; dorsal pholidosis of tail heterogeneous, weakly keeled, granular scales intermixed with enlarged, strongly keeled, conical tubercles forming four whorls on only anterior portion, six tubercles in first whorl, four tubercles in second to fourth whorls, enlarged tubercles restricted to only paravertebral region on rest of the tail, lacking lateral and ventrolateral rows, median row of sub-caudals smooth and distinctly enlarged. A single large central black ocellus anterior to forelimb insertions flanked by smaller spots on each side; dark dorsal markings with fine yellow speckles; tail tip orange in adults, distal half of tail orange in juveniles; gular region with a broken dark streak on each side (Agarwal et al. 2021). 
CommentSimilar species: bangara clade, See comparison. 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is a toponym for Krishnagiri in Krishnagiri District of Tamil Nadu, the type and only known locality for this species. 
  • AGARWAL, ISHAN; TEJAS THACKERAY, AKSHAY KHANDEKAR 2021. A new medium-sized rupicolous Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) of the C. bangara clade from granite boulder habitats in Krishnagiri, Tamil Nadu, India. Zootaxa 4969: 351–366 - get paper here
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