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Cnemaspis laoensis GRISMER, 2010

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common NamesE: Lao Rock Gecko 
SynonymCnemaspis laoensis GRISMER 2010
Cnemaspis laoensis — GRISMER et al. 2014: 126
Cnemaspis laoensis — COTA et al. 2022 

Type locality: Dong Phu Vieng National Protected Area, Savannakhet, Laos.  
Reproductionoviparous (manual imputation, fide Zimin et al. 2022) 
TypesHolotype: THNHM 12433, adult female, collected by Tanya Chan-ard on 18 June 1998. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: Adult female reaching 40.9 mm SVL, adult males unknown; relatively large, rugose scales on rostrum; nine supralabials; seven infralabials; subtibials, ventrals, and subcaudals smooth; forearm scales and dorsal tubercles keeled; body scales raised, smooth; 22 paravertebral tubercles; tubercles on flanks not linearly arranged; ventrolateral and lateral rows of caudal tubercles absent; caudal tubercles do not encircle tail; tubercles in lateral, caudal furrow; median row of slightly enlarged, smooth subcaudals; no pore-bearing scales; two or three postcloacal tubercles on each side of tail; shield-like subtibials and enlarged, submetatarsals absent; 29 subdigital lamellae on fourth toe; no dark, longitudinal gular markings or blotches; no dark patch on shoulder or neck enclosing a white to yellow ocellus; no yellow to white, prescapular crescent or transverse bars on flanks; and no orange tail, feet, and hands. 
CommentAbundance: only known from the type specimen (Meiri et al. 2017). 
EtymologyThe specific epithet is in reference to this being the first species of Cnemaspis known to occur in Laos. 
  • Cota, M., Makchai, S., & Pongcharoen, C. 2022. Updated Catalogue of the Amphibian and Reptile Type Specimens of the Natural History Museum, National Science Museum, Thailand. Thai Specimens 21: 311––5407
  • Grismer, L.L. 2010. The first record of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Laos with the description of a new species. Zootaxa 2475: 55–63 - get paper here
  • Grismer, L.L.; PERRY JR L. WOOD, SHAHRUL ANUAR, AWAL RIYANTO, NORHAYATI AHMAD, MOHD A. MUIN, MONTRI SUMONTHA, JESSE L. GRISMER, CHAN KIN ONN, EVAN S. H. QUAH, OLIVIER S. A. PAUWELS 2014. Systematics and natural history of Southeast Asian Rock Geckos (genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887) with descriptions of eight new species from Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. Zootaxa 3880 (1): 001–147 - get paper here
  • Meiri, Shai; Aaron M. Bauer, Allen Allison, Fernando Castro-Herrera, Laurent Chirio, Guarino Colli, Indraneil Das, Tiffany M. Doan, Frank Glaw, Lee L. Grismer, Marinus Hoogmoed, Fred Kraus, Matthew LeBreton, Danny Meirte, Zoltán T. Nagy, Cristiano d 2017. Extinct, obscure or imaginary: the lizard species with the smallest ranges. Diversity and Distributions - get paper here
  • WOOD, PERRY JR. L.; EVAN S.H. QUAH, SHAHRUL ANUAR M.S., MOHD ABDUL MUIN 2013. A new species of lowland karst dwelling Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from northwestern Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 3691 (5): 538–558 - get paper here
  • Zimin, A., Zimin, S. V., Shine, R., Avila, L., Bauer, A., Böhm, M., Brown, R., Barki, G., de Oliveira Caetano, G. H., Castro Herrera, F., Chapple, D. G., Chirio, L., Colli, G. R., Doan, T. M., Glaw, F., Grismer, L. L., Itescu, Y., Kraus, F., LeBreton 2022. A global analysis of viviparity in squamates highlights its prevalence in cold climates. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 00, 1–16 - get paper here
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