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Cnemaspis lithophilis PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER, 2021

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Higher TaxaGekkonidae, Gekkota, Sauria, Squamata (lizards: geckos)
Common Names 
SynonymCnemaspis lithophilis PAL, MIRZA, DSOUZA & SHANKER 2021 
DistributionIndia (Karnataka)

Type locality: Kollur, Mookambika Wildlife Sanctuary, Karnataka (13.893°N, 74.833°E; ca. 450 m asl)  
TypesHolotype: BNHS 2624, adult male, collected by Saunak Pal and team on 8th September 2012.
Paratypes: BNHS 2625, CESL 819, adult female and CESL 820, adult male, collected along with the holotype; CESL 835, adult female, collected from Jog falls, Karnataka by Saunak Pal and team on 15th September 2012. 
DiagnosisDiagnosis: A large sized, robust Cnemaspis species (SVL up to 49.9 mm) characterised by the presence of heterogenous dorsal scales, small granular scales intermixed with irregularly arranged, partially keeled larger rounded to conical scales; absence of spine like tubercles on the flank; ventrals smooth, subimbricate, 126–129 longitudinal scales from mental to cloaca, 24–28 midventral scales; two to three pairs of postmentals, first pair separated by one to two scales, each postmental surrounded by five to six scales including median scale; males with six to seven elongated femoral pores separated by 12–13 poreless scales, precloacal pores absent; postcloacal spur absent; subcaudals smooth, median row enlarged; eight to nine supralabials to the angle of jaw; 25–26 lamellae on digit IV of manus and 27–29 lamellae on digit IV of pes. (Pal et al. 2022) 
CommentBelongs to the wynadensis clade. 
EtymologyNamed after the combination of the Greek word ‘lithos’ meaning stone and ‘philia’ meaning fondness, due to the close association of this species with rocks. 
  • Pal, S., Mirza, Z. A., Dsouza, P., & Shanker, K. 2021. Diversifying on the Ark: multiple new endemic lineages of dwarf geckos from the Western Ghats provide insights into the systematics and biogeography of South Asian Cnemaspis (Reptilia: Squamata). Zoological Research, 42(6): 675-691 - get paper here
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